What is in this power point
• Through this power point you will gain
understanding of what life is like in the uk.
• Huguenots came to Britain in the 16th and 18th
centuries to escape from religious persecution.
• In 1840s, Irish people migrated to Britain
because of a terrible famine in Ireland. Many
Irish men became laborers and helped to build
canals and railways across Britain.
• From 1880 to 1910, a large number of Jewish
people came to Britain to escape racist attacks
(called ‘pogroms’) in what was then called the
Russian Empire and from the countries now
called Poland, Ukraine and Belarus.
• In 1950s, centers were set up in the West Indies to recruit
• In 1950s, textile and engineering firms from the north of
England and the Midlands sent agents to India and
Pakistan to find workers.
• In 1960s, the number of people migrating from the West
Indies, India and Pakistan fell because the government
passed new laws to restrict immigration to Britain.
• In the 1980s, the largest immigrant groups were from the
United States, Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand.
• In the early 1990s, groups of people from the former Soviet
Union came to Britain looking for a new and safer way of
• Since 1979, more than 22,000 refugees from South East
Asia have been allowed to settle in the UK.
• In the late 19th and early 20th century, many
women campaigned for the right to vote. They
became known as suffragettes.
• Until 1857, a married woman didn’t have right to
divorce her husband.
• Until 1882, a woman’s earnings, property and
money belonged to her husband.
• In 1918 women over the age of 30 were finally
given the right to vote and to stand for election to
• In 1928, women won the right to vote at the age
• 51% of the population and 45% of the workforce
in Britain are women.
• Almost three-quarters of women with school-age
children are in paid work.
• The average hourly pay rate for women is 20 %
less than for men for same type of job.
• Girls leave school with better qualifications and
there are more women at university.
• It is illegal to discriminate against women at work
becauseof their gender.
• up to the age of 19 in the UK. This is almost one-quarter
of the UK population.
• 65% of children today live with both birth parents.
• Almost 25% of children live in lone-parent families.
• 10% of children live within a stepfamily.
• Most children in Britain receive weekly pocket money
from their parents and many get extra money for doing
jobs around the house.
• Education is free in England for children between the
ages of 5 and 16.
• Education is free in Northern Ireland for children
between the ages of 4 and 16.
• In the UK compulsory education is divided into
two stages, primary and secondary (age 5 to
• In England and Wales the primary school stage
lasts from age 5 to 11.
• In Scotland the primary school stage is from age
5 to 12.
• In Northern Ireland the primary school stage is
from age 4 to 11.
• Children start secondary school at age 11 in
England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
• In Scotland children start secondary school at
• The secondary stage ends at age 16 in the UK.
• There are approximately 2 million children at work at any
• The earliest legal age for children to do paid work is 13.
• Children under age 16 seeking to do paid work must
apply for a licence from the local authority.
• Every child aged 13 to 16 must have two consecutive
weeks a year during the school holidays when they do
• Children cannot work:
• For more than 4 hours without a one hour rest break
(ages 13- 16).
• For more than 2 hours on any school day or Sunday
• For more than five hours on Saturdays or weekdays
during school holidays (ages 13-14).
• For more than 8 hours on Saturdays or weekdays during
school holidays (ages 15- 16).
• Before 7 am or after 19 pm (ages 13-16).
• For more than 12 hours in any school week (ages 13-16)
• For more than 25 hours a week during school holidays (13-
• For more than 35 hours a week during school holidays
• The minimum wage for workers aged 22 and above is £
5.35 per hour.
• The minimum wage for 18-21 year olds is £ 4.45 per hour.
• The minimum wage for 16-17 year olds is £ 3.30 per hour.
• Young people under the age of 18 are not allowed to buy
alcohol in Britain.
• It is illegal to sell tobacco products to anyone under the age
• In the 2001 general election, only 1 in 5 young people
eligible to vote for the first time used their vote.
• A 2003 survey found that 86% of young people had taken
part in some form of community event over the past year
and 50% had taken part in fund-raising or collecting money
• In England the curriculum is divided into
four stages, called Key Stages. After each
stage children are tested. They take Key
Stage tests (also called SATs) at ages 7,
11 and 14. At 16 they take GCSEs and at
18 they can take Advanced GCE Levels
(more commonly called A levels).
• In Wales, schools follow the Welsh
National Curriculum but have abolished
national tests for children at age 7 and 11.
There are also plans in Wales to stop
testing children at 14. Teachers in Wales
still have to assess and report on their
pupils’ progress and achievements at 7
• In Scotland the curriculum is divided into
two phases. The first phase is from 5 to
14. There are six levels in this phase,
levels A to F. There are no tests for whole
groups during this time. From 14 to 16,
young people do Standard Grade. After 16
they can study at Intermediate, Higher or
• England: 84% of the UK population50.1
million, 9% ethnic minority Scotland: 8% of
the UK population 5.1 million, 2% ethnic
minority Wales: 5% of the UK population
2.9 million, 2% ethnic minority N Ireland:
3% of the UK population1.7 million, 1%
ethnic minority Total UK population: 59.8
• The population has grown by 7.7% since 1971.
• People of Indian, Pakistani, Chinese, Black
Caribbean, Black African, Bangladeshi and
mixed ethnic descent make up 8.3% of the UK
• Half the members of Pakistani, Chinese, Black
Caribbean, Black African and Bangladeshi
communities are born in the United Kingdom.
• 45% of all ethnic minority people live in the
London area where they form one-third (29%) of
• Ethnic minorities make up 9% of the total
English population.There has been a decline in
population in the North-East and North-West of
• The next census (official population count) will
take place in 2011.
• Information about each member of the
household can only be released after 100 years,
until then it remains confidential and
• People of Indian descent are the largest ethnic
minority in Britain.
• The longest distance on mainland, from John
O’Groats on the north coast of Scotland to
Land’s End in the south-west corner of England,
is about 870 miles (1,400 kilometres).
• The NHS began in 1948.
• You must register your baby with the Registrar
of Births, Marriages and Deaths (Register Office)
within six weeks of the birth of your baby.
• Adults who have been unemployed for 18
months are usually required to join New Deal if
they wish to continue receiving benefits.
• Young people who have been unemployed for 6
months are usually required to join New Deal if
they wish to continue receiving benefits.
• U (Universal): suitable for anyone aged 4 years
• PG (parental guidance): suitable for everyone
but some parts of the film might be unsuitable
for younger or more sensitive children.
• Pubs are usually open until 11 p.m.
• At age 16, people can drink wine or beer with a
meal in a hotel or restaurant.
• The minimum driving age for a car or motorcycle
• The minimum driving age for a medium-sized
lorry is 18.
• The minimum driving age for a large lorry or bus
• The Geordie dialect spoken in Tyneside
• The Scouse dialect is spoken in Liverpool
• The Cockney dialect is spoken in London.
• In Scotland Gaelic is spoken in some parts of
the Highlands and Islands and in Northern
Ireland a few people speak Irish Gaelic.
• Ulster Scots is one of the dialects spoken in
• St David Patron saints of Wales 1 March
• St Patrick Patron saints of Northern
Ireland 17 March
• St George Patron saints of England 23
• St Andrew Patron saints of Scotland 30
• The Church of England is called the
Anglican Church in other countries and
the Episcopal Church in Scotland.
• The official church of the state is the
Church of England.
• Church of England is a Protestant church
and has existed since the 1530s.
• The king or queen (the monarch) is the
head, or Supreme Governor, of the
Church of England.
• The monarch is not allowed to marry
anyone who is not Protestant.
• Archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual
leader of the Church of England.
• Presbyterian Church is the established
church in Scotland.
• 10% of Christians in the UK are Roman
• 40% of Christians in Northern Ireland are Roman
• Mother’s Day is on the Sunday three weeks
• A group of Catholics led by Guy Fawkes failed in
their plan to kill the Protestant king with a bomb
in the Houses of Parliament.
• Guy Fawkes Night is on 5 November.
• 11 November is Remembrance Day. It
commemorates those who died fighting in World
War 1, World War 2 and other wars. Many
people wear poppies in memory of those who
• There are 646 parliamentary
constituencies in the UK and at least every
five years voters in each constituency
elect their Member of Parliament (MP) in a
• There are 78 seats for representatives
from the UK in the European Parliament.
• The Cabinet is composed of
approximately 20 senior MPs who become
ministers in charge of departments.
• The Chancellor of the Exchequer is
responsible for the economy.
• The Cabinet includes Secretaries of State
for education, health and defence.
• The Lord Chancellor is the minister
responsible for legal affairs.
• The Lord Chancellor sits in the House of
Lords rather than the House of Commons.
• Due to legislation passed in 2005, it is now
possible for the Lord Chancellor to sit in
the House of Commons.
• 1997 government began a programme of
devolving power from central government
to give people in Wales and Scotland
more control over matters that affect them.
• There are 60 Assembly Members in the
National Assembly for Wales.
• There are 129 Members of Scottish Parliament
(MSPs) in the Parliament of Scotland.
• There are 108 Members of Legislative Assembly
in the Northern Ireland Assembly.
• In 1922 a Northern Ireland Parliament was
• The Northern Ireland Assembly was suspended
in in 2006 by the UK government.
• The present voting age of 18 was set in 1969.
• Commonwealth is an association of countries,
most of which were once part of the British
Empire. There are 53 member states.
• European Union (formerly European Economic
Community) was set up on 25 March 1957 by six
Western European countries. U.K became part
of the European Union in 1973.
• Today there are a total of 27 countries in the
• The Council of the European Union is effectively
the governing body of the EU.
• The Council of Europe draws up
conventions and charters which focus on
human rights, democracy, education, the
environment, health and culture. UK was
one of the founder members.
• The European Commission is the civil
service of the EU and drafts proposals for
new EU policies and laws and administers
its funding programmers.
• In 2002 twelve European Union (EU)
states adopted the euro as their common
• The UN was set up after the Second
World War and aims to prevent war and
promote international peace and security.
The UK is one of the permanent