A Look at Fruit Types

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This is a general presentation on fruit types and the specific information used to distinguish them. In my class, this input was provided prior to a full-on exploration of as many different types of fruit we could get our hands on.

In a very rare move for me... images were shamelessly borrowed from all over for educational purpose.

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A Look at Fruit Types

  1. 1. Fruit Types:
  2. 2. “Fleshy Pericarp” Simple, Aggregate, or Multiple Fruits
  3. 3. Simple Fruits Develop from an single ovary
  4. 4. Berry • Entire pericarp is soft and fleshy – Examples: grape, elderberry, tomato
  5. 5. Drupe • Exocarp and Mesocarp is fleshy – Endocarp is hard • Examples: peach, plum, cherry, mango
  6. 6. Pome • Hypanthium forms most of fleshy tissue – Examples: apple, pear
  7. 7. Pepo • A berry with a hard rind for an exocarp – Examples - Cucumber, pumpkin
  8. 8. Hesperidium • A berry with a hard, leathery rind for an exocarp • “Citrus fruits” – Lemon, lime, orange
  9. 9. AGGREGATE FRUITS • Multiple ovaries on the SAME flower – Strawberry, rose
  10. 10. MULTIPLE FRUITS • Formed from more than one pistil of MANY flowers – Examples, pineapple, osage orange
  11. 11. “DRY” Pericarp • Dehiscent- splitting when dry
  12. 12. Dehiscent-Legume • Pod dehiscing along 2 sides – Example - pea
  13. 13. Dehiscent-Follicle • Pod dehiscing along 1 side – Example - milkweed
  14. 14. Dehiscent- Capsule • Fruit formed from more than one pistil and dehiscing in many ways – Example - impatiens, jewelweed
  15. 15. “Dry” Pericarp • Indehiscent- not splitting when dry
  16. 16. Indehiscent - Achene • Seed tightly enclosed by a dry pericarp – Example - sunflower
  17. 17. Indehiscent - Nut • Developed from one pistil (more than one are present) – Example - oaks
  18. 18. Indehiscent - Samara • A winged achene – Example - maple, ash, elm
  19. 19. Indehiscent - Schizocarp • Achene which splits into two parts – Example - wild carrot
  20. 20. Indehiscent- Capsule • Has “chambers” that dehise in many ways – Example - lily, yucca, poppy
  21. 21. Indehiscent- Silique • Has 2 narrow pieces separated by a partition – Example -mustard, FAST PLANTS

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