Qin, Great Wall And Terracotta


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A PPT on the First Emperor of China - Qin Shihuang

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Qin, Great Wall And Terracotta

  1. 1. 秦始皇 China’s Unifying Emperor By: 浩老师
  2. 2. 秦代 – The Qin Dynasty <ul><li>Was preceded by the feudal Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China . The unification of China in 221 BC under the First Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi marked the beginning of Imperial China, a period which lasted until the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912 . The Qin Dynasty left a legacy of a centralized and bureaucratic state that would be carried onto successive dynasties. At the height of its power, the Qin Dynasty had a population of about 40 million people. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 秦始皇 <ul><li>Qin instituted Legalism. </li></ul><ul><li>Unified writing and coinage. </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized the axle length. </li></ul><ul><li>Killed Confucian Scholars. </li></ul><ul><li>Burned Texts. </li></ul><ul><li>Created expressways. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fear <ul><li>Control of the masses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age 17-60 had to serve 1 year in Army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanded borders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confiscated Weapons </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Began building the Great Wall
  6. 6. The Great Wall 长城 <ul><li>Built from Stone, Brick and Mortar. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced Labor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hundreds of thousands worked and on the wall for hundreds of years. Many died and became part of the wall. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4,856 Kilometers long. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 16. Han Dynasty <ul><li>The Great Wall was extended by later Empires. </li></ul>
  8. 17. The Wall’s Extent Today.
  9. 18. The Search for Immortality <ul><li>Elixirs of Mercury. </li></ul><ul><li>The Search for the 8 Daoist Immortals. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of the Emperor’s Tomb…. Preservation in the afterlife. </li></ul>
  10. 19. The Tomb <ul><li>The figures were discovered in 1974 near Xi'an </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of the mausoleum began in 246 BC and is believed to have taken 700,000 workers and craftsmen 38 years to complete. Qin Shi Huangdi was interred inside the tomb complex upon his death in 210 BC . </li></ul>
  11. 20. Recreating the Universe <ul><li>First Emperor was buried alongside great amounts of treasure and objects of craftsmanship, as well as a scale replica of the universe complete with gemmed ceilings representing the cosmos , and flowing mercury representing the great earthly bodies of water. Pearls were also placed on the ceilings in the tomb to represent the stars, planets, etc. </li></ul>
  12. 21. The Terracotta Warriors <ul><li>Life sized. </li></ul><ul><li>8099 Figures. </li></ul><ul><li>Horses, soldiers, weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>Bronze work. </li></ul>
  13. 22. 兵马俑 <ul><li>They vary in height, uniform and hairstyle in accordance with rank. </li></ul><ul><li>Today nearly two million people visit the site annually . </li></ul>
  14. 33. Legacy <ul><li>Qin Shi Huang 秦始皇 – began a legacy of imperialism. </li></ul><ul><li>About 2000 years later in 1912, China declared itself a Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s Communist Gov’t still functions in a Legalistic manner. </li></ul>
  15. 34. 结束 <ul><li>?’s </li></ul><ul><li>Works Cited: Photos and some text sources drawn from Wikipedia.com. Please feel free to explore these yourself. </li></ul>