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Facts and Figures,This is Serbia- Marija Matejic- Ana Milenković
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Facts and Figures,This is Serbia- Marija Matejic- Ana Milenković


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  • 1. Temple of Old Serbian houseSaint Sava Niš - At night
  • 2.  The Cathedral of Saint Sava or Saint Sava Temple (Serbian: Храм светог Саве or Hram svetog Save) in Vračar, Belgrade, is an Orthodox church, the largest in the Balkas, and one of the 10 largest church buildings in the world. The church is dedicated to Saint Sava, founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church and an important figure in medieval Serbia. It is built on the Vračar plateau, on the location where his remains were burned in 1595 by the Ottoman Empires Sinan Pasha. From its location, it dominates Belgrades cityscape, and is perhaps the most monumental building in the city. The building of the church structure is being financed exclusively by donations. The parish home is nearby, as will be the planned patriarchal building. It is not a cathedral in the technical ecclesiastical sense, as it is not the seat of a bishop (the seat of the Metropolitan bishop of Belgrade is St. Michaels Cathedral). In Serbian it is called a hram (temple), which is in Eastern Orthodoxy another name for a church. In English, it is usually called a cathedral because of its size and importance.
  • 3.  Niš (Serbian Cyrillic: Ниш,) is the largest city of southern Serbia and third-largest city in Serbia (after Belgrade and Novi Sad). According to the preliminary results of 2011 census, the city has urban population of 182,208 inhabitants,[while itsmunicipality has a population of 257,867. The city covers an area of 597 km², including the urban core, town of Niška Banja and 68 villages. Niš is the administrative center of theNišava District. It is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans and Europe, and has from ancient times been considered a gateway between the East and the West. The Paleo-Balkan Thracians inhabited the area in the Iron Age, and Triballians dwelled here prior to the Celtic invasion in 279 BC which established the Scordisci as masters of the region. Naissus was among the cities taken in the Roman conquest in 75 BC. The Romans built the Via Militaris,in the 1st century, with Naissus being one of the key towns. Niš is also notable as the birthplace of Constantine the Great, the first Christian Roman Emperor and the founder ofConstantinople, as well as two other Roman emperors, Constantius III and Justin I. It is home to one of Serbias oldest Christian churches dating to the 4th century in the suburb of Mediana. There are about 30,000 students at the University of Niš, which comprises 13 faculties. Niš is also one of the most important industrial centres in Serbia, a center of electronics industry (see Elektronska Industrija Niš), industry of mechanical engineering, textile- and tobacco industry. Constantine the Great Airport is its international airport. In 2013 the city will host the celebration of 1700 years of Constantines Edict of Milan.
  • 4. Noisy in the summer, silent in theautumn,only to come alive again in thewinter,Mt Zlatar can be described as a miracleof natural wealth offering a total od 240sunny days per year,fresh summers and mildwinters,and few foggy and winter days. Theautumns on Mt. Zlatar are warmer thansprings. And while swimming in the lakes is forsummer,skiing and sleihg riding fot thewinter,the autumn on Mt. Zlatar is ideal forhikers.In the autumn, the colours on thismountain become even more intese, the starsmore briliant, the air cleaner and the silencedeeper.
  • 5. After a full day’s fishing on one of thelakes, after the hunting session, or after along walk along one on the rivers,visitors need to relax. They can alsoindulge in specialites such as cheese fromcow’s or sheep’s milk, stuffed peppers,dried beef, potato pie, smoked ham incream, rye bread, ash-baked potatoes,mushrooms, raspberries and blueberries
  • 6. Gibanica – Serbian pie Hot peppers Stuffed peppers Srpska Zakuska-SerbianSerbian dried beef snack
  • 7. There are plenty of tourist attractions, such asthe numerous gorges, including Mileševka Rivercanyon, one of the most beautiful and deepest inSerbia. It is believed that river was named of themonastery of Mileševa, a cultural and historicallandmark of this region. The monastery was built in the 13th century atthe very entrance to the canyon. The frescoes of thismonastery are among the finest examples of Serbianart of this time. Vladislav Nemanjić, one of the foursons of Stefan the First-Crowned, began theconstruction of the monastery when he was only aprince, and ordered construction work to becontinued following his coronation. Subsequentlyhe brought there the remains of Sv. Sava. Theremains were later removed by the Turks andburned on Vračar hill in Belgrade.
  • 8.  All in all, a visit to Mt. Zlatar is a must. And autumn is the best time to visit. Right from the first, Mt. Zlatar is a fascinating sight. Although it requires some effort to get there, if offers much more to return – health and beauty.
  • 9. The oldes cultural institution in Vojvodina (and the whole country)is the Matica Srpska Society, founded in 1826 in Budapest, andmoved in 1864 in Novi Sad. For almost a century Matica Srpskawas the focus of Serbian cultural life. Its members were teachers,artists, scholars and writers from Serbia, and often from region aswell. Since the Second World War, it has directed its activitiestoward research and publishing. It publishes one of the oldestliterary journals in the world (Letopisi Matice Srpske) , which hasbeen appearing since 1824. It also includes several otherinstitutions which once were an integral part of Matica Srpska butare now independent. These institutions are the Library, theGallery and the Publishing House. At the end of the Second World War, the Matica SrpskaLibrary contained 175,256 books and copies of 1,175 journals andnewspapers. Today it has over 462,000 books and 14,500 papersand journals. All publishing houses in the country send free copiesof their publicitations to the Library. The exchange of books andjournals between libraries throughout the county is also commonpractice.