Conditionals in English Aleksandra Dinić Prva niška gimnazija “Stevan Sremac”
FIRST CONDITIONAL Rule <ul><li>In this sentences, both verbs refer to actions or events  in future . </li></ul><ul><li>The...
Examples <ul><li>If  you  aren’t  careful, you  will cause  an accident. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless  you  go  shopping with ...
SECOND CONDITIONAL Rule <ul><li>We use  IF  with the  Past Simple Tense  (to introduce the condition) , and  WOULD  +  INF...
Examples <ul><li>What  would  you  do   if  you  won  $ 1 milion? </li></ul><ul><li>If  I  had  more money, I  would buy  ...
I Conditional  vs.   II Conditional <ul><li>If  my parents  give  me  more  pocket money, I  will be  very happy. </li></u...
THIRD CONDITIONAL Rule <ul><li>To speculate how past actions and results might have been different we use  IF  +  PAST PER...
Examples <ul><li>If  LA Lakers  hadn’t got  to the final, Peter  wouldn’t have watched  the game on TV. </li></ul><ul><li>...
ZERO CONDITIONAL Rule <ul><li>We use  PRESENT SIMPLE  in both parts of  the  sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>With Zero Conditi...
Examples <ul><li>If  you  throw  rock in to  the water, it  sinks . </li></ul><ul><li>If  you  are  rich, you  have  expen...
T H E  E N D Bye Bye   
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Conditionals in English - Aleksandra Dinić - Daniela Stanković

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"biramo najbolju lekciju"
engleski jezik i računarstvo i informatika,
mart 2011. godine,
Conditionals in English,
Engleski jezik,
Aleksandra Dinić, II-3
Daniela Stanković,
Prva niška gimnazija "Stevan Sremac"

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Conditionals in English - Aleksandra Dinić - Daniela Stanković

  1. 1. Conditionals in English Aleksandra Dinić Prva niška gimnazija “Stevan Sremac”
  2. 2. FIRST CONDITIONAL Rule <ul><li>In this sentences, both verbs refer to actions or events in future . </li></ul><ul><li>The verb tense after the words IF or UNLESS is the PRESENT SIMPLE . </li></ul><ul><li>The verb tense in the condition clause is WILL / WON’T . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Examples <ul><li>If you aren’t careful, you will cause an accident. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless you go shopping with me, I won’t help you with your essay. </li></ul><ul><li>I will buy you this T-Shirt if you want . </li></ul><ul><li>I won’t repair your bike unless you pass your exams. </li></ul>
  4. 4. SECOND CONDITIONAL Rule <ul><li>We use IF with the Past Simple Tense (to introduce the condition) , and WOULD + INFINITIVE (to show the consequence) when we want to show that a situation is un real or un likely . </li></ul><ul><li>It is also possible to use COULD (for possibility and ability) or WOULDN’T (for uncertainty) in stead of WOULD (for certainty) . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Examples <ul><li>What would you do if you won $ 1 milion? </li></ul><ul><li>If I had more money, I would buy a new PC. </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t need a bike if I had a car. </li></ul><ul><li>If you found a wallet in a nightclub, what would you do ? </li></ul>
  6. 6. I Conditional vs. II Conditional <ul><li>If my parents give me more pocket money, I will be very happy. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s possible to get more money </li></ul><ul><li>If my parents gave me more pocket money, I would be very happy. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not possible to get more money </li></ul>
  7. 7. THIRD CONDITIONAL Rule <ul><li>To speculate how past actions and results might have been different we use IF + PAST PERFECT and WOULD + P ast participle . </li></ul><ul><li>We use WOULD (for certainty) and WOULDN’T (for uncertainty). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples <ul><li>If LA Lakers hadn’t got to the final, Peter wouldn’t have watched the game on TV. </li></ul><ul><li>If I hadn’t gone to the club last Saturday, I wouldn’t have met him. </li></ul><ul><li>If I had taken the shot, I would have scored . </li></ul><ul><li>If I had listened to my dad, I might have made some better decisions in my life. </li></ul>
  9. 9. ZERO CONDITIONAL Rule <ul><li>We use PRESENT SIMPLE in both parts of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>With Zero Conditional we express facts . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Examples <ul><li>If you throw rock in to the water, it sinks . </li></ul><ul><li>If you are rich, you have expensive clothes and fabulous car. </li></ul>
  11. 11. T H E E N D Bye Bye 

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