By Ty Gockley  And  Colin Townsend Ancient Egypt: Mummies, Tombs, and Treasure
The First Egyptian Mummies <ul><li>The first Egyptian Mummies didn’t change at first, but the burial style did </li></ul>
The First Egyptian Mummies <ul><li>Mummies are naturally or artificially preserved bodies </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians ...
Why the Egyptians Made Mummies <ul><li>The Egyptians had many reasons for mummification. </li></ul>
Why the Egyptians Made Mummies <ul><li>They wanted to believe the peaceful life they so blissfully lived would continue af...
How a Mummy Was Made <ul><li>Making mummies was a long, drawn out process. </li></ul>
How a Mummy Was Made  <ul><li>Mummy makers removed internal organs and stored them inside canopic jars fashioned after the...
The Mummy’s Tomb <ul><li>There were many different types of tombs and the structure changed over time.  </li></ul>
The Mummy’s Tomb <ul><li>Nobles were originally buried under mastabas (mud-brick tombs) </li></ul><ul><li>King Zoser made ...
The Mummy’s Afterlife <ul><li>The preparation for the afterlife was an elaborate process </li></ul>
The Mummy’s Afterlife <ul><li>The body was to the city of the dead </li></ul><ul><li>To pass the time in the afterlife, th...
The Mummy’s Treasure and the Tomb Robbers <ul><li>many people were tomb robbers. They stole many treasures </li></ul>
The Mummy’s Treasures and the Tomb Robbers <ul><li>Tomb robbers could be anyone who had to do with mummies or tombs </li><...
The Last Egyptian Mummies <ul><li>Mummification eventually ended and replaced with “instant mummies” </li></ul>The Last Eg...
The Last Egyptian Mummies <ul><li>Ground up  mummies became extremely popular for remedies </li></ul><ul><li>Began grindin...
<ul><li>There are certain resources that we used in order to make </li></ul><ul><li>this presentation so give a round of a...
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Ancient Egypt Mummies, Tombs, And Treasures

  1. 1. By Ty Gockley And Colin Townsend Ancient Egypt: Mummies, Tombs, and Treasure
  2. 2. The First Egyptian Mummies <ul><li>The first Egyptian Mummies didn’t change at first, but the burial style did </li></ul>
  3. 3. The First Egyptian Mummies <ul><li>Mummies are naturally or artificially preserved bodies </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians buried their dead in extremely shallow graves in crouching position with food and a prized possession. </li></ul><ul><li>They believed the dead were somehow alive </li></ul><ul><li>When the Egyptians found out that the sand preserved the bodies, they began to elaborate the graves </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why the Egyptians Made Mummies <ul><li>The Egyptians had many reasons for mummification. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why the Egyptians Made Mummies <ul><li>They wanted to believe the peaceful life they so blissfully lived would continue after death </li></ul><ul><li>They thought of kings as earthly gods, so they made their burials even fancier </li></ul><ul><li>They believed in ka and ba, two parts of the spirit. The ka could survive with food offerings, while the ba could leave the grave and be free </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians believed in many gods such as Isis, Anubis, and Osiris. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How a Mummy Was Made <ul><li>Making mummies was a long, drawn out process. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How a Mummy Was Made <ul><li>Mummy makers removed internal organs and stored them inside canopic jars fashioned after the sons of Horus </li></ul><ul><li>The mummy makers extracted the brain (two methods) </li></ul><ul><li>The body and organs were salted and left to dry. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 21 st dynasty, mummies were packed with saw dust </li></ul><ul><li>The body was wrapped with linen and cloth. Charms and jewelry were tucked inside the wrappings. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Mummy’s Tomb <ul><li>There were many different types of tombs and the structure changed over time. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Mummy’s Tomb <ul><li>Nobles were originally buried under mastabas (mud-brick tombs) </li></ul><ul><li>King Zoser made the first “step pyramid” </li></ul><ul><li>Sneferu had the first “bent pyramid” made </li></ul><ul><li>Great Pyramids have above-ground burial chambers </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramid entries were always facing north </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Mummy’s Afterlife <ul><li>The preparation for the afterlife was an elaborate process </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Mummy’s Afterlife <ul><li>The body was to the city of the dead </li></ul><ul><li>To pass the time in the afterlife, the dead were provided with game boards, bows and arrows, throwing sticks, and other hunting gear </li></ul><ul><li>The dead were supplied with shabtis, servant dolls </li></ul><ul><li>Opening of the mouth: priest touched their eyes, mouth, and ears allowing the mummy to see, hears, talk, and eat in the afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>The family gave food offerings </li></ul><ul><li>Weighing of the heart: if the heart is heavier than a feather, the soul was destroyed by a repulsive beast </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Mummy’s Treasure and the Tomb Robbers <ul><li>many people were tomb robbers. They stole many treasures </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Mummy’s Treasures and the Tomb Robbers <ul><li>Tomb robbers could be anyone who had to do with mummies or tombs </li></ul><ul><li>Tomb robbing became a family business </li></ul><ul><li>Robbers cared about a wealthy life, and most cared about a enriched afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>The stolen treasures were melted down so it couldn’t be recognized </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmetics were imported and expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Robbers many times damaged the mummy’s body in a hast to finish the deed </li></ul><ul><li>Severe punishments were issued to those caught robbing tombs </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Last Egyptian Mummies <ul><li>Mummification eventually ended and replaced with “instant mummies” </li></ul>The Last Egyptian Mummies
  15. 15. The Last Egyptian Mummies <ul><li>Ground up mummies became extremely popular for remedies </li></ul><ul><li>Began grinding and importing mummies </li></ul><ul><li>Began to cover bodies with tar to make “instant mummies” </li></ul><ul><li>People received news of the mummy “factories” </li></ul><ul><li>Stopped buying mummy powder </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>There are certain resources that we used in order to make </li></ul><ul><li>this presentation so give a round of applause to… </li></ul><ul><li>Lila Perl’s </li></ul><ul><li>Mummies, Tombs, and Treasure </li></ul><ul><li>Secrets of Ancient Egypt </li></ul>Bibliography
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