Global IssuesGlobal Issues
What are the issues thatWhat are the issues that
matter most in today'smatter most in today's
What is a GlobalWhat is a Global
A global issue is a broad descriptionA global issue is a broad description
that is often used to explain mattersthat is often used to explain matters
of great social concern that affectof great social concern that affect
human populations locally and thathuman populations locally and that
are shared among diverse humanare shared among diverse human
societies within our globalsocieties within our global
Malnutrition and FamineMalnutrition and Famine
Malnutrition is a general term for a condition caused by improper diet or nutrition,
and can occur in conjunction with both under and over consumption of calories.
Famine is a widespread scarcity of food that may apply to any fauna species,
which phenomenon is usually accompanied by regional malnutrition, starvation,
epidemic, and increased mortality.
Starvation describes a "state of exhaustion of the body caused by lack of food."
This state may precede death.
Some 850 million people (one in eight of the world's population) go to bed
hungry every night.
Such hunger is not due to a shortage of food – globally there is enough to go
round and if (a big if) we make the right decisions now, we can continue to feed
the world despite population growth and climate change. For example we can
reduce the number of people that are starving by:
Not wasting food
Equal distribution of food (Obesity)
Every 6 seconds one kid dies of hunger.
Illiteracy around the worldIlliteracy around the world
Over 60% of adults in the US prison system read at or below theOver 60% of adults in the US prison system read at or below the
fourth grade level.fourth grade level.
85% of US juvenile inmates are functionally illiterate.85% of US juvenile inmates are functionally illiterate.
Every year 100000 puplis in the UK leave school illiterate.Every year 100000 puplis in the UK leave school illiterate.
In the UK theIn the UK the prison population is some 85,000. More than three-prison population is some 85,000. More than three-
quarters of them cannot read, write or count to the standardquarters of them cannot read, write or count to the standard
expected of an 11-year-old.expected of an 11-year-old.
West Africa has the highest number of illiterates in the worldWest Africa has the highest number of illiterates in the world
according to a study.according to a study.
Approximately 776 million adults – most of them women – have noApproximately 776 million adults – most of them women – have no
secure command of the fundamentals of literacy and numeracysecure command of the fundamentals of literacy and numeracy””
whiles seventy-five million children are not in school.whiles seventy-five million children are not in school.
Africa includes some of the poorest countries in the world. In much of Africa south of the
Sahara, harsh environmental conditions exacerbate the conditions of poverty. Dry and
barren land covers large expanses of this region. As the poor try to eke out livings through
farming and other subsistence practices, they exhaust the land, using up the soil nutrients
needed to grow crops.
Between 12 and 14 million African children have been orphaned by HIV/AIDS.
64% of children in Sub-Saharan Africa do not have adequate sanitation.
Nearly one third of children in Sub-Saharan Africa are underweight.
Slum-dwellers who make up a third of the world's urban population often live no better - if
not worse - than rural people, a United Nations report says.
In Sub-Saharan Africa 72% of urban inhabitants live in slums rising to nearly 100% in some
In Latin America about 31% of urban people are classified as living in slums.
In the UK over 13 million of us live in poverty. That's one-in-five without enough to live on.
By 2013 there will be 3.1 million children in poverty in the UK.
Charities around the worldCharities around the world
Oxfam is British based organisation that works in 92 countries and its mainOxfam is British based organisation that works in 92 countries and its main
focus is poverty, food, sanitaion and womes rights. Last year year this charityfocus is poverty, food, sanitaion and womes rights. Last year year this charity
raised a staggering 14.5 million people in 57 countries, 5,700,000 peopleraised a staggering 14.5 million people in 57 countries, 5,700,000 people
were given acess to clean water and 760, 000 people helped grow more food.were given acess to clean water and 760, 000 people helped grow more food.
Money is raised with campaigns, festivals, schools and donating clothes.Money is raised with campaigns, festivals, schools and donating clothes.
Book Aid International increases access to books and supports literacy,Book Aid International increases access to books and supports literacy,
education and development in sub-Saharan Africa. We provided 516,138 neweducation and development in sub-Saharan Africa. We provided 516,138 new
books to over 2,000 libraries last year alone and have sent more than 30books to over 2,000 libraries last year alone and have sent more than 30
million books to partner libraries since 1954.million books to partner libraries since 1954.
Médecins Sans Frontières was founded in Paris is 1971 (MSF). It`s anMédecins Sans Frontières was founded in Paris is 1971 (MSF). It`s an
international, independent, medical humanitarian organisation that deliversinternational, independent, medical humanitarian organisation that delivers
emergency aid to people affected by armed conflict, epidemics, naturalemergency aid to people affected by armed conflict, epidemics, natural
disasters and exclusion from healthcare. MSF offers assistance to peopledisasters and exclusion from healthcare. MSF offers assistance to people
based on need, irrespective of race, religion, gender or political affiliation.based on need, irrespective of race, religion, gender or political affiliation.
What we do inWhat we do in
Catalunya toCatalunya to
How would you solve these issues………..?
What would you do ifWhat would you do if
you could make ayou could make a
In groups imagine that you are a new charity andIn groups imagine that you are a new charity and
that you have a budget on €400.000 to spend,that you have a budget on €400.000 to spend,
what would you do with the money?what would you do with the money?
Name of the charity….Name of the charity….
Aim of your charity….Aim of your charity….
Distribution of your budget….Distribution of your budget….
What would you do first….What would you do first….
How would you spend the money…How would you spend the money…
Which country / group would you help and why….Which country / group would you help and why….
Doc adapted from Busy Teacher.comDoc adapted from Busy Teacher.com