Dictatorship gets out


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This book is written in the hope that Thai people will understand that their beloved country has serious divergences in its way of thinking philosophically and politically. What is the cause of this divergent
ideology? Thailand should aspire to be politically democratic with a constitutional monarchy. How can Thai people assist in correcting the problems of corruption by politicians and government officers, including the judicial system, which has many standards that seriously
divide Thai society?

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Dictatorship gets out

  1. 1. by Narong Chokwatana
  2. 2. “I am willing to surrender the powers I formerly exercised to the people as a whole, but I am not willing to turn them over to any individual or any group to use in an autocratic manner without heeding the voice of the people.” The royal rescript issued by His Majesty King Prachadhipok (Rama VII) in his abdication letter from England in March 2,1934
  3. 3. Foreword All humans are mammals, but all mammals are not humans; the class includes monkeys, elephants, lions, tigers, rhinos and many, many others. Similarly, although democracy requires elections, it is not guaranteed that governments assuming power from elections will be democratic; they can be dictators such as Adolph Hitler and Benito Mussolini whose cruel governments assumed power from elections. They owned the constitution, dictated to parliament, and were brutal masters. Sometimes elections give the appearance of democracy, but can mask what in reality is a cruel political regime. In all forms the regime of a dictatorship employs the concept of “divide and rule”. Dictatorships cannot tolerate strong people who could unite together and oppose their rule. They thrive on the weak that argue amongst themselves and are disunited; victims of vices are also easy to control as they cannot be self- reliant. Such people will inevitably need to depend on the support of the dictator. This book is written in the hope that Thai people will understand that their beloved country has serious divergences in its way of thinking philosophically and politically. What is the cause of this divergent ideology? Thailand should aspire to be politically democratic with a constitutional monarchy. How can Thai people assist in correcting the problems of corruption by politicians and government officers, including the judicial system, which has many standards that seriously divide Thai society? 1
  4. 4. It is not necessary to agree with all that is written here. All I ask from Thai people who love their country is please read this book to the end and listen to your own conscience. Decide if you should believe or not; the truth is always real and will never change. Narong Chokwatana January 2014 2
  5. 5. CHAPTER 1 81 years after the transition of power from absolute monarchy to self-government, Thailand has only ever experienced dictatorial regimes through its election process. Thai people do not understand and have never felt the presence of true democracy. They continue to believe that any country that conducts elections, possesses a constitution and is governed through the parliamentary process must be democratic. The fact is that many dictatorships in this world have been elected, retained a constitution and governed through parliament; e.g. communism and fascism including the Nazis before World War 2 and Saddam Hussein of Iraq. So it can be seen that elections have two forms; the first being a free democratic process, the second a tool used by dictatorships to take over state power. Elections, constitutions and parliaments can be present in dictatorships as well as in a democratic society. 3
  6. 6. Identifying Democracy in Politics Democracy or dictatorships can be measured by identifying where supreme power, state power and sovereignty are held. If these powers belong to the people the country is a democracy. In this case the government, prime minister and politicians are only elected to serve and are the temporary employees of the people. The permanent employees are the government officers (civil servants). In a democracy the prime minister is only the leader of the servants of the people. All politicians are employees, not masters. Moreover they are only temporary employees for the duration of their term of office. In a dictatorship the state power, supreme power and sovereignty does not lie in the hands of the people, but in one individual (autocracy) or a group (oligarchy). The people hold power for only a few seconds whilst casting their vote in the ballot box. Even then this power is only illusionary, as in reality the people have no freedom to elect who they wish; they are under other peoples control by the use of state power, bribery, intimidation and lying. Without any real understanding of the importance of their vote and of the inability to vote for whom they wish, this is the election method used by dictators. The reason for all these evil problems State power, supreme power and judicial power should be in the hands of all the people in the country, allowing everyone to live in happiness, contentment and to be united and free from poverty. In this scenario the main institutions of the nation: religion, king, and military would be secured. In a dictatorship the military hierarchy would be made weak by employing a “divide and rule” policy. This strategy would also be 4
  7. 7. used against the people. A dictatorship cannot allow the people to be happy and content; they need them to suffer and be victims of bad behaviour (such as gambling and alcoholism), to be poor and isolated so as not to be able to help themselves. The people must rely on and obey the dictator. Any dissidents in a dictatorship will be destroyed. Dictatorship is the phenomena where power and sovereignty of the nation is centralised in one person or oligarchy, which by its nature is autocratic. If sovereignty is centralised in an elite rich group it is known as a capitalist dictatorship; if by the military it is known as a military dictatorship and if by a political party it is a political dictatorship. Thai people misunderstand politics On 24 June 1932 Thailand ceased to be an absolute monarchy. Government control was then assumed by a political group that called themselves “The Peoples Committee”. The outcome of this was that the Kings status changed from an absolute to a constitutional monarch; the power to govern the country was transferred to this small group, who governed as a Dictatorship. State power, supreme power and sovereignty were never in the hands of the people. Since that time, through conflict various small civilian groups have fought to assume power. 81 years later the government is run like a business with politicians seeking a maximum return on their investment. The political system used by these capitalist or business politicians continues to be in the style of a Dictator. After the move from absolute monarchy, the Peoples Committee realised that psychologically the democratic system of government was very popular worldwide, so they did not dare to declare their dictatorship. 5
  8. 8. At the same time they were neither ready to allow, nor were confident that Thai people were able to govern themselves. They therefore misled the Thai people into believing that they were democratic, claiming that to be a democracy it was only necessary to hold elections, create a constitution and govern through parliament, all of which they had done. In a gesture to prove that Thailand had indeed become a democracy, the Peoples Committee, at great expense, invested in the construction of a constitutional monument, which they intentionally named The Democracy Monument. The successive governments after the Peoples Committee would also not dare to admit to being Dictators. At one time Thailand held no elections and had no constitution; even so they fooled the Thai people by claiming this was a form of democracy, Thai style. Why has there been no political Democracy in Thailand? During the 81 years that dictators have governed Thailand, they have kept the true meaning of democracy from the people; realising that if it was fully understood they would have difficulty in ruling. The true nature of the dictator is that they are afraid of the democratic political ideology. With the trend of world politics leaning towards democracy, dictators are afraid of people gathering together and learning. The philosophy, theory and doctrine of democratic politics are never allowed to be taught in schools or universities. At the same time communist dictators, capitalist dictators and election dictators all claim that they are democratic and blame only the military style government 6
  9. 9. as being dictators. People are misled into believing that a democratic country only requires holding elections. They are forced to believe that their only requirement is to go to the ballot box at elections, after which they have no voice. The Thai people are misled into believing that politicians and political parties who win elections can do anything they wish; they can make whatever laws they want and the people must obey. Politicians insist that state power, supreme power and sovereignty are owned by the dominant political party which is then used as a cartel. Only the politicians can use power, people have no rights at all as they have given this power away after the election. Why cannot a democracy be built by law? Because law is a tool used by those in power to rule the country. In a dictatorial regime laws will be written to suit their agenda and cement their hold on power. They will make laws to meet their own ends and use it as a tool to force people to obey and implement their wishes. People will be the slaves, the dictator the master. In a democratic government people govern themselves. Everyone is the owner of the country’s power. People have the right and freedom to earn a living in any profession, the freedom to study, the freedom to share in the country’s natural resources, the right to vote and the right to campaign for elections. The supreme law is the constitution which should not have too many clauses; its aim is solely to guarantee the right of the people to own the power of the state for self-government and to guarantee equal rights and freedom of all the people. 7
  10. 10. People are the employers; the government the employees In a democratic government the status of government ministers is that of employees to the people; the prime minister is only the leader of the servants of the people. Politicians are provided with only enough power to perform their duties and responsibilities. They cannot do as they wish because the supreme power, state power and sovereignty belong to the people. If politicians are incapable of performing their duties to serve the needs of the people, cannot correct a problem the country is facing, or have no desire to work effectively; their masters, the people, have the right to dismiss them from office. There is no need to wait for the end of the parliamentary term as they are in default of their agreement with the voters; if politicians are corrupt, they should be arrested, tried and convicted like any other criminal. Political democracy should live in the hearts of the people who own their country. They should believe in their own abilities economically and politically. The people of every nation have the right to govern themselves without depending on any other nation, a superhero or an Angel to govern them. A constitution alone can never build democracy If democracy was guaranteed by simply creating a constitution, then Thailand could have copied from another democratic country long ago. This would have saved much painstaking time, expense and disappointment, as Thailand has already attempted to write and destroyed a constitution 17 times. 8
  11. 11. The United Kingdom has no constitution, but it is a democratic country by tradition. The USA has an army that is highly disciplined and the most powerful in the world, but it is impossible for them to make a coup d’état. Nobody can destroy the constitution or democracy in the USA because it is not forced. Democracy is in the mind, soul and culture of all American people including soldiers and government officers. To protect the independency of the country and power of the people Thai people who love their country, especially the military, should understand and educate others in politics and economics; particularly the political doctrine of democracy and all dictatorial regimes, including communism. If the people understand they will not be fooled by dictatorships that plan to conquer and dominate them. After so many years Thailand and its people deserve to enjoy a democratic political regime with the Monarchy as its head of state. The light of knowledge should extinguish the darkness of ignorance and the wisdom of truth defeat cheating and lying. 9
  12. 12. CHAPTER 2 Thailand’s 81 Years’ experience in masking dictatorship. Democratic or Dictatorial? People who hold the belief that every person of every nation or race is capable of governing themselves are democratic by nature. Conversely, those who believe that people are unfit to govern themselves as they are either stupid, selfish, uneducated, weak, or simply have no ability; are of a dictatorial persuasion. Democracy A Social Country A Social country is where people in the community agree mutually that any ordinary person from the street has the ability and skill to govern their nation. It is possible that a bad choice can be made when selecting a candidate during the election process. When this occurs it is an excellent lesson to learn and next time the people will be smarter. Democracy is an important social truth that enables mankind to develop; under a dictatorship there is no opportunity for development by learning from their own or others mistakes. 10
  13. 13. A community or society that has no belief in its ability to govern itself, depending instead on academic politicians, special governors, religious leaders or an advanced country to govern for them has the mind-set of a dictatorship. The probable cause for this lack of belief could be that it considers its own people are weak, uneducated, selfish or gullible. Democracy as we understand it to-day is only 94 years old In 1920 (94 years ago) American women were first given equal political rights to men. Before that women (half the world’s population) were not allowed to take part in politics under the belief that to govern a country was only a man’s responsibility. If we use to-days standard of democracy, politics before 1920 was just a “male dictatorship”. On the 4th July 1776 AD, 13 British colonies in North America declared independence from Great Britain and ultimately were victorious in the American revolutionary war of independence. The colonists did not wish to be ruled under a Monarchist regime. On September 17, 1787 The Constitution was adopted and subsequently ratified by 13 states in 1789. It is the first written constitution in the world. George Washington became their first President (the meaning of this position is the first employee of the people). In 1789 the population of the United States was only around two million people, which included some 800,000 black slaves, who were treated like animals, having no political or human rights. At that time this political system was considered a democracy; however US democracy before the freedom of slaves in 1863 can only be considered as a “white dictatorship”, or a “slave masters’ dictatorship”. 11
  14. 14. There is no need to examine the political ruling system of ancient civilisations such as the Romans, Greeks or ancient Indians. It is sufficient to state that they were feudal dictatorships. Even though they operated a type of parliament, they cannot be considered as a true democracy. They were far removed from our present democratic style, as over 90% of the people had no right in the process of government. No Coup D’état is possible in a real Democracy Why is it impossible for a Coup D’état to take place in a country that enjoys real democracy? Because the psychology of democracy is in the hearts of all the people who belong to that country and can never be denied. The people own the country; they will not be treated as stateless immigrants or refugees with very low status. They have rights and freedom politically, economically and socially. They need the freedom to earn a living, to education and to follow any profession they choose. People need to be treated by the state with equality. No one wants to be a second class citizen, or have inferior rights. They need to be proud to belong to their own country. The United States has a very powerful army. Their soldiers are highly disciplined and taught to follow orders, but it is impossible for anyone to order them to carry out a coup d’état, destroy the constitution, or to take power away from the people. This is because democracy is embedded in the hearts of the people, life and culture; including the soldiers, government and state officers. The nations who practice democratic politics in to-days style include: The United Kingdom, France, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, 12
  15. 15. Japan, Australia, New Zealand and India (since their change of politics to democracy). It is not possible for anyone in these countries to make a coup d’état and change the country to a dictatorship. Since the change of Thailand’s political system on 24 June 1932 (81 years ago) there have been 22 attempted coup d’états; 11 successes and 11 failures. How can Thailand possibly be considered a real political democracy? Using the mask of Democracy to hide evil Dictatorships In reality Thailand’s revolution of 24 June 1932 placed power in the hands of an oligarchy named “The Peoples Committee”. The only change was that the absolute Monarchy became a constitutional Monarchy; it in no shape or form transformed the country into a political democracy. The Peoples Committee did not dare to inform the Thai people that they were a Dictatorship. They lied to the nation that they were democratic, claiming as proof that they held elections, assembled parliament and worked to a constitution. At great expense The Peoples Committee constructed a constitutional monument, which to enhance the illusion, was deliberately named “The Democracy Monument”. Thai politics from that time until the present day have been Dictatorships hiding behind the mask of Democracy. The election process, parliament and constitution which they claim proves their democratic credentials are in reality a political sham. For 81 years state power, supreme power and sovereignty have been solely in the hands of the ruling oligarchies, which take 13
  16. 16. turns to rule the country as Dictators. Their intention has been to conceal the truth from the people, by not allowing any knowledge or understanding of the real meaning of democracy. In truth Thai people have never been the owners of the sovereign powers and are misled into believing democracy only requires elections, parliament and a constitution. Consequently the only time Thai people hold sovereign power is for a few seconds at elections whilst casting their vote in the ballot box. The political power of Thai people ends after elections After elections Thai people have no sovereign power whatsoever, as they have given it away to the politicians who win the election. Thai people are told it is not necessary for them to have political knowledge and should take no interest. They can express some individual opinions, but never the less should obey the government as they represent the majority. Every Thai citizen should behave according to the law… which is made by the political party who wins the election. How Democracy occurs and becomes an essential part of the culture of the people Democracy is created from the natural experiences of the people; it cannot be forced by law or from written orders. Democracy lies in the hearts of the people, derived from their experiences and victories in campaigns over injustices found in their society. 14
  17. 17. The campaigns of the people fighting to win self-government of their country from the rule of other nations; e.g. United States of America 1776-1783 and India 1820-1947. The peoples fight to abolish slavery from their nation; in allowing the slaves to become citizens and enjoy the freedom of equal rights. This was achieved by the people of the United States in 1865, during the presidency of Abraham Lincoln. The campaigns to allow a woman’s right to vote. In the United States a campaign for women’s political equal rights to men began in 1848 and was successfully concluded in 1920. Throughout Asia many countries were colonised by European nations and they were forced to campaign, often for many years, for their independence. Thailand has never been colonised and although this is a great blessing, the common bond of unity and the value and understanding of democratic self-governance that such an experience promotes may be missing in the nation’s consciousness. A country which is governed in a democratic style already has a stable democratic government. In this society the aspirations of the younger generation comes from studying history and appreciating the courage of their ancestors in their fight for democracy. Elections… Democratic or Dictatorial? If the purpose of an election is to select a master to govern the people, then this is a dictatorial style of election, because the master is a dictator and will govern as such. 15
  18. 18. If the purpose of an election is to choose a servant, or employee to work for the people, then this is a democratic style of election and the government that serves the people is a government of the people (democracy). The politicians and political party that win the election should serve and be good employees of all the people and all the country. They should not favour individual sectors of people or society. Why does the political party belong to the people? The political party can be a tool of either a democracy or a dictatorship. A democratic political party must be a political party of the people. Members of the party should contain politicians from all professions, social status and religions. The party should be representative of all the millions of citizens of the country. The real political party of the people should receive support, both physically and financially, from all the people throughout the nation, according to their ability. This should be given unconditionally from a faith in the ideology of the party and people. What political party is a tool of the Dictator? A political party that has only one or a small number of owners. They make the directors and party members only employees who work under their direct orders. 16
  19. 19. The political party of a dictator is the personal instrument of the dictator used to take over state power. It is used to force government officers and the people to obey their rule. The political party of a dictatorship receives donations and physical assistance from a limited amount of people. However, each individual donates large amounts with the condition that they will receive political power and position which can be used corruptly after winning the election. Dictators from elections turn Thai politics into a business Thai politics has already turned into a business. Certain corrupt people have come to expect a vast return on their investment, creating wealth for themselves and their party, to the great cost of all the Thai people. Huge sums of money are invested; some in advertising to build the popularity of the party, some in buying votes at the election. Upon winning the election they hold state power and use it corruptly to gain benefits for themselves as a return on investment with a substantial profit. This is done systematically and often in accordance with state law (because they make the laws); it is termed “corruption by policy”. Money politics or Capitalist Dictatorship Thai politics during the past twenty years has entered the era of “money dominant” or a “capitalist dictatorship”. The election trend has been to select a dictatorial master for the country rather than the democratic style of choosing a servant, or employee of the people. Those who select (the people) should be the employer. 17
  20. 20. The employer is the owner of the house, money and property. Why should the employer select an employee who is dubiously rich to work as a servant? The politician is the mirror image of the people The evil politician has no fear of government officers, because they are the masters and have the right to remove or transfer the government officers as they wish. Evil politicians have no fear of businessmen because they can bully them. However evil politicians are afraid of the power of the people because the people are their employers who appointed them and can reward or punish them. People without conscience have no love for their country. Evil politicians are never scared because they use money for bribery, to finance populist policies and to buy votes. Throughout the world dictatorships have proved that they have no ability to solve economic and social problems in this modern society; which is much more complicated than the issues faced by society years ago. If Thai politics continues under a masked dictatorship, how can the future of the country and the Thai people survive in this modern world, which is dynamic, competitive and changes so quickly? 18
  22. 22. CHAPTER 3 “I am willing to surrender the powers I formerly exercised to the people as a whole, but I am not willing to turn them over to any individual or any group to use in an autocratic manner without heeding the voice of the people. The Royal rescript issued by His Majesty King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) in his abdication letter from England on March 2, 1934. Reconstructing Thai politics to make democracy work Thai history indicates that the Thai Monarchy and all its kings have supported democracy. There has never been any reason to doubt this. It is a source of great pride to the Thai people that the Thai constitutional Monarchy continues to be the kingdom’s beacon of hope, safeguarding its honour and dignity. It has been 224 years since the world witnessed the first and foremost self-government by the people in 1789 – the first administration that served as a servant of the people. “Every man and every body of men on earth, possesses the right of self-government: …” Thomas Jefferson: The Founder’s Constitution, 1790 20
  23. 23. Thanks to Thomas Jefferson; otherwise no one could ever imagine that the down-to-earth, less privileged and uneducated civilians could function to govern themselves. People Power Sovereignty means the power of the state, the supreme power, the power to decide, power to direct, power to lead, power to judge and power to rule. Power is up to who is in charge and that person is the ruler. In the case of democracy, power comes from the people. People govern themselves; no aliens are allowed and the government only serves the people. All administrators are elected and hired to undertake all responsibilities for the benefit of their country and its people. SOVEREIGNITY belongs to the ONE who rules. • If sovereignty belongs to the King and he rules the country, that political system is called Absolute Monarchy; if to a single person and he or she rules the country, it is called Autocracy; if to only one limited group of people, such as a military group, it is called an Oligarchy. • If state power and sovereignty belongs to the people, and the people are self-governed, then we call that political regime DEMOCRACY. Democracy is the only form of politics whose administration status is not as a ruler, but as a servant of the people. 21
  24. 24. To clarify; in democracy the people have not given away their sovereignty to anyone in public administration. Not to Members of Parliament, Government Ministers, or even the Prime Minister. The politicians have been elected: 1) To work as a temporary employee of the people. 2) To become a public servant and work in order to solve the country’s problems. 3) To undertake all responsibilities whilst working for the benefit of the people. Democracy means that all people retain ownership of the country before and after the election. Quality Democracy is only possible when people have full conscience The quality of the ruler is the key, regardless of whether the political system is a democracy or dictatorship. If the ruler is intelligent with a conscience, ethics and appropriate high calibre qualities, the people will live happily and the country will prosper. Prior to the era of democracy, the people had no choice. Some rulers came from hereditary succession (under the laws of royalty), others came from the heads of communities who seized power from winning battles, or who possessed more powerful armed forces. If the rulers were clever and ethical, the people would be lucky and the country would flourish. Often rulers with these qualities would be declared posthumously as “The Great”, or “Emperor”. If a ruler was cruel and held no conscience, the people would be less fortunate and the country would be in Tyranny. 22
  25. 25. In olden days politics were reserved only for warriors, aristocrats and priests to play with and rotate power. The people were exploited to benefit the rulers and defeat their opponents. As democracy was born, people learned about self-government – how to choose and hire good politicians in order to form a good government and work efficiently to serve them. If the choice was wrong, they could abolish and re-elect. The longer the people enjoyed self-government, the smarter and more capable they became. Unlike that of a dictatorship, where the longer the ruler remained in power, the greater the possibility that things would deteriorate. To-day democracy paves the way for people to live their own lives and be master of their and their country’s future. If people became more conscious of moral and ethical values, they would tend to vote for good, capable politicians who would serve and run the public administration efficiently. Strongly united people will continually examine and track politicians performance and as necessary remove and punish those unfit or unworthy to serve them. Consequently the country would become peaceful and prosperous. How can quality Democracy be achieved? Through education. Education makes it possible to create the perception of a ruler possessing the qualities of conscience, integrity and ethics. Through education a self-sufficient community is possible, paving the way for self-government, self-reliance, development of rational thinking and the ability to identify and solve problems wisely. Ultimately this will benefit society and the country. 23
  26. 26. To expect the education sector to survive without the aid of government subsidies, forces universities to operate as a business. This is an erroneous policy derived from a misunderstanding of capitalism. Knowledge is a public treasure provided by the state for all people to benefit from at the most affordable price. Knowledge is neither a product for teachers to monopolise and sell for wealth, nor a product for students to struggle or invest for a degree and gain a return on that investment from society or the country. This evil cycle will only damage the country. Urgent reform of both state and privately owned media There are now no boundaries in communication, thanks to the digital age. Human behaviour is formed and shaped by all media: TV, radio, the internet, printed newspapers and magazines. Direct human influences such as parents, priests, school teachers and lecturers have less and less of an impact. It is urgent to change the role of the media in order to build a strong base for quality democracy and to allow the people to truly understand. 1) Liberating state-owned media from government financial support and control, into a public organisation. 2) Making the primary role for state owned media to help educate the people to become rulers with moral values, ethics and public conscience. To help people understand their responsibilities in ownership of the country through democracy and to fulfil their rights to the country. 24
  27. 27. 3) Promoting the knowledge of economics and politics within a democratic environment in contrast to a dictatorial environment, so the people will better understand. 4) Creating a protected working group, free from government interference, which would prevent privately owned media to use propaganda, or to be brainwashed by any businesses or political parties. 5) Balancing the role of both state-owned and privately owned media to equally share the social responsibility in consistently creating documentary programmes on the role of politics and economics in a democratic environment. Democracy is non-representative Representatives in the parliament work on behalf of the people who elected them to protect the benefits of the country and its people. After the election the people still hold power and retain their Master and Employer status. Representatives remain the voluntary servants, in other words the people’s employees. Democracy is more than just holding elections Elections are only the culmination of the decision making process where self-governed people use their power to select politicians in order to form a public administration. It is not an indicator of a democratic country or society! Any dictator can also use the election process to bring themselves to power and rule. History shows that tens of millions of innocent people suffered and died from cruel executions by elective dictators such as Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. They did not gain power from a coup d’état; they were elected by the people. 25
  28. 28. Democracy in politics becomes real only when ultimate sovereignty remains with the people before and after the election. When an election takes place, the people only vote for their chosen servants or employees, not a master or ruler. As long as the people hold the Master and Employer status, the politics of that country is a democracy. Democracy does not mean majority Majority is the criterion used in the decision making process for solving problems, but it is not the key factor in defining the depth of democracy. It is quite often that the majority agreement leads to the wrong conclusion. In many cases the minority decision is the more sensible. Often the parliamentary majority make resolutions biased towards their own personal gain and other hidden agendas, which does not benefit any organisation, unit, or the general public. Resolutions made based on a single person’s belief are called “Autocracy” (Individualism, Egoism). Resolutions made based on the protection of the inner circle’s gains are called “Oligarchy” (Cronyism). Resolutions made based on the majority and the undercurrent of the world trend are called “Globalcracy” (not democracy). Resolutions made based on facts and accuracy are called “Meritocracy” (Dharmacracy). 26
  29. 29. Democracy is a terminology in politics, not a criterion for making decisions or running a business administration. We should not praise the ruler and executive who makes decisions based on the majority. Instead admire the one who bases decisions on facts and accuracy to tackle the problems either of the country, or the company for the benefit of the people or the shareholder. Making Democracy work is a Sacred Mission To make democracy work in Thailand is a goal to be treated as a sacred mission for every Thai national. For 81 years Thai people have been governed by dictators rising to power either from staging a coup d’état or by election, hiding under the mask of democracy. Normally all dictators will not allow people to be educated, strong, capable, smart, ethical, unified and knowledgeable because they are too difficult to rule. Dictators need weak, dependant and needy people who rely on the mercy of the dictator’s network. Why?... Because these people are easy to rule. For 81 years the Thai education system has intentionally neglected to disseminate any knowledge of politics, in particular the differences in government between democracy and dictatorships. Consequently Thai teachers, opinion leaders (sages) and the common people continue to mistakenly believe that: 1) The elected government and politicians are entitled to rule the country and hold the right to do anything they wish; to abuse state power, to corrupt, to remove “Good” and appoint “Evil” 27
  30. 30. officers. It becomes normal political practice that they are not subject to any penalties. 2) Our constitution is like a “magic box” that contains all the wishes of the people which will be transformed into reality. Whatever we wish for: democracy, the peoples happiness and wealth, good and ethical politicians; we literally just place these wishes in the box. 3) The people’s rights are transferred to the elected politicians after the election. Sovereignty is no longer with the people; their role has changed to “be ruled” they must obey, follow and respect. The rule by the representative majority, so they can legally pass or change any law, any time. Provisional Government – Interim Government 1) The first led by Professor Sanya Dhammasakti. 2) The second led by Mr. Anand Panyarachun. 3) The third led by General Surayud Chulanon. The above three interim governments were appointed during crisis in order to transfer power from a limited group to the people nationwide , Despite no hidden agenda to transfer power to themselves, or to one specific political party; they failed to change Thailand into a democracy. They only drafted and announced a new constitution, then implement national elections. As a result, the concept of self-government as a democracy is totally misunderstood by Thai citizens. Many people believe they vote for a master, not a servant. Therefore there has been no identifiable change in political awareness and all elections repeatedly lead to elective dictatorships. 28
  31. 31. If Thailand by chance has a fourth provisional government, I wish that history does not repeat itself. We have drafted and torn up 18 constitutions in 81 years and many elections have been implemented. Our country has staggered from one crisis to another over many years from a faith in the constitutional doctrine and the misconception that elections guarantee democracy. The sacred mission that the next provisional government must adhere to is to transfer supreme power to the Thai people, in order to establish a Thai democracy once and for all; in accordance to the royal determination of our late His Majesty King Prachadhipok. Let’s reform Thai politics with care and make democracy work. Reform is needed Now! Narong Chokwatana January 2014 29
  32. 32. รอข้อความเพิมเติม www. ่