GOA - A place out of time


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GOA - A place out of time

  1. 1. GOA – A place out of time
  2. 2. GOA Goa is India’s smallest state by area. Goa is India's richest state with a GDP per capita 2.5 times that of the country as a whole. It was ranked ‘the best placed state’ by the Eleventh Finance Commission for its infrastructure and ranked on top for ‘the best quality of life in India’ by the National Commission on Population.
  3. 3. GOA Panaji is the capital, while Vasco da Gama is the largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants, and conquered it soon thereafter. The Portuguese rule existed for about 450 years, until it was annexed by India in 1961.
  4. 4. GOA Goa is renowned for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year. It also has rich flora and fauna.
  5. 5. GOA – Etymology (Development of Word) In ancient literature, Goa was known by many names such as Gomanta, Gomanchala, Gopakapattam, Gopakapuri, Govapuri, Gove and Gomantak. Mahabharat refers present Goa as Goparashtra or Govarashtra which means ‘Nation of Gaupalak’. So we can presume that the word Goa has come from word Gauva (Cow). Some other historical names for Goa are Sindapur, Sandabur, and Mahassapatam.
  6. 6. GOA – History Goa's known history stretches back to the 3rd Century BC, when it formed part of the Mauryan Empire, ruled by the Buddhist emperor, Ashoka of Magadh. Over the next few centuries, Goa was ruled by the Chalukyas of Kalyani. They patronised Jainism here. In 1312, Goa came under the governance of the Delhi Sultanate. The Vijayanagara monarchs held on to the territory until 1469. In 1510, the Portuguese defeated the ruling Bijapur kings.
  7. 7. GOA – History Goa was under Portuguese possession from 1510 to 1961. After India gained independence from the British in 1947, Portugal refused to negotiate with India on the transfer of sovereignty. On 12 Dec 1961, the Indian Army commenced with Operation Vijay resulting in the annexation of Goa, Daman and Diu into the Indian Union Territory. On 30 May 1987, Goa was made India's 25th state.
  8. 8. GOA – Geography Goa encompasses an area of 3,702 km². Most of Goa is a part of Konkan. Goa has a coastline of 101 km. Goa's main rivers are Mandovi and Zuari. The Mormugao harbour on the mouth of the River Zuari is one of the best natural harbours in South Asia. Goa has about 140 islands. Goa has more than three hundred ancient tanks and over a hundred medicinal springs. The soil is rich in minerals.
  9. 9. GOA – Geography Goa has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. The monsoon rains arrive by early June. Goa has short winter between December and February. The temperature goes down to around 21 °C. May is the hottest, seeing temperatures of over 35 °C. Goa's major cities include Panaji, Vasco, Mapusa, Margao and Mormugao.
  10. 10. GOA – Flora n Fauna Forest cover in Goa stands at 1,424 km2 located in the interior eastern regions of the state. The Western Ghats, which form eastern Goa, have been internationally recognised as one of the biodiversity hotspots of the world. In the February 1999 issue of National Geographic Magazine, Goa was compared with the Amazon and Congo basins for its rich tropical biodiversity.
  11. 11. GOA – Flora n Fauna Goa's wildlife sanctuaries boast of more than 1512 documented species of plants, over 275 species of birds, over 48 kinds of animals and over 60 genera of reptiles. Rice is the main food crop with main cash crops Coconuts, cashew nuts and fruits like pineapples, mangoes and bananas. State animal is Gaur, state bird is Bulbul, and state tree is Asan. Goa's forests are rich with medicinal plants.
  12. 12. GOA – Economy Goa is one of India's richest states with the highest GDP per capita and 2.5 times of India as a whole. Tourism is Goa's primary industry: it handles 12% of all foreign tourist arrivals in India. Goa has two main tourist seasons: winter and summer. In winter, tourists from abroad (mainly Europe) come to Goa to enjoy the splendid climate. In summer, tourists from across India come to spend the holidays.
  13. 13. GOA – Economy The land away from the coast is rich in minerals and ores and mining forms the second largest industry. Mining in Goa focuses on ores of iron, Bauxite, manganese, clays, limestone and silica. The Marmagao Port handles more than 30 million tonnes of cargo per year, and accounts for over 39% of India's Iron Ore exports. The leader in this industry is Sesa Goa owned by Vedanta Resources. India’s first floating port in Goa
  14. 14. GOA – BEACHES Goa's 105 km coastline is endowed with lovely beaches. ARAMBOL is a lovely, serene beach. BENAULIM in South Goa, is long stretch of white sand. MIRAMAR is a lovely golden beach girdled with palm trees facing Sea. DONA PAULA is an idyllic and picturesque picnic spot commands a fine view of the Zuari estuary and Mormugao Harbour. COLVA is 6 kms from Margao. Here land, sea and sky blend in natural harmony.
  15. 15. GOA – BEACHES CALANGUTE is also known as BAGA BEACH. It is Queen of Goa's Beaches and the most popular holiday resort in Goa known for scenic splendour. Excellent accommodation facilities are available, particularly at the Tourist Resort. VAGATOR is a lovely palm-fringed beach with the Chapora Fort in the back ground situated on the Kalsua along the Chapora river basin.
  16. 16. GOA – BEACHES BOGMALO about 13 kms from Vasco town, crossing Dabolim airport, the beach of Bogmalo is a popular picnic spot. AGONDA is a small picturesque and secluded beach where a number of nature lovers go for peace of mind. PALOLIM is one of the most enchanting beaches in Goa and relatively deserted with the backdrop of Western Ghats situated in the Southern most Taluka of Canacona.
  17. 17. GOA – Basilica Church The Basilica of Bom (Good) Jesus is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier. 'Bom Jesus' (literally, 'Good or Holy Jesus') is the name used for the infant Jesus. It is considered as one of the best examples of baroque architecture in India. It is more than 400 years old.
  18. 18. GOA – Se Cathedral Acclaimed as one of the largest churches in Asia, the Se Cathedral church is a memory of the Portuguese era in Goa. The church was dedicated to St. Catherine of Alexandria as the Portuguese led by Alfonso de Albuquerque conquered Goa on the St. Catherine's day (November 25) in 1510. Even though the original mud and stone structure was built in that year itself, the present Se Cathedral church came up in 1652, after 80 years of painstaking craftsmanship.
  19. 19. GOA – Church of Mary Immaculate Conception Established in 1541, the Church of Mary Immaculate Conception is one of the earliest churches built in Goa. Located at the heart of Panaji, this majestic church is a prominent landmark of the city. The great bell at the Church is acclaimed as the second largest bell in the world. It is known as the Bell of the Inquisition. It was shifted to the Mary Immaculate Church in 1841, after Panaji became the capital of Goa.
  20. 20. GOA – Manguesh Temple Sri Manguesh Shiv temple at Mangueshi in Ponda Taluka, the most prominent among temples, is situated along the National Highway-4A about 23-km from Panaji. It is famous for its pristine glory, which attracts thousands of visitors every year and is gifted by the Welcome Gate, an elegant lamp tower, a "Noubatkhana" overlooking the temple tank and the "Agrashalas" on three sides. the structure visitors see today dates from the 1700s.
  21. 21. GOA TemplesShanta Durga Temple Nagueshi Temple Pandava Caves 1st century AD Siolim Temple
  22. 22. GOA – Place out of time presented by NARESH KAPADIA www.nareshkapadia.in