Asean impact on biotech sector nares

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Presentation on "ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015: Impacts & Benefits to Thailand’s Academic and Technology-based Business Sectors" at Biotechnology Business and Regulations Seminar
overview เรื่องประชาคมเศรษฐกิจอาเซียนที่จะเกิดขึ้นเป็นทางการในปี 2015 ความสำคัญ ผลกระทบ ข้อดี ข้อเสียและ แนวทางการเตรียมการรับมือที่ภาคเอกชนและภาคการศึกษาของไทยควรจะต้องให้ความสำคัญและปรับตัวเพื่อให้ได้รับประโยชน์สูงสุด

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Asean impact on biotech sector nares

  1. 1. ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in2015: Impacts & Benefits to Thailand’s Academic and Technology-based Business Sectors<br />นเรศ ดำรงชัย<br />nares@sti.or.th<br />ผู้อำนวยการศูนย์คาดการณ์เทคโนโลยีเอเปค<br />สำนักงานคณะกรรมการนโยบายวิทยาศาสตร์ เทคโนโลยี และนวัตกรรมแห่งชาติ<br />
  2. 2. รู้จักอาเซียน & AEC<br />
  3. 3. How do you imagine the ASEAN Community to be like in 2015?<br />ASEAN Community<br />ASEAN <br />Political-Security<br />Community<br />(APSC)<br />ASEAN <br />Economic<br />Community<br />(AEC)<br />ASEAN <br />Socio-Cultural<br />Community<br />(ASCC)<br />Narrowing the Development GAP (NDG)<br />
  4. 4. ASEAN at a glance: Facts and Figures (2009)<br />Country<br />Land Area<br />(km2)<br />Population<br />(‘000)<br />GDP<br />(USD million)<br />FDI<br />(USD million)<br />Total Trade<br />(USD million)<br />GDP<br />(per capita)<br />Brunei Darussalam<br /> 5,765<br /> 406.2<br /> 14,146.7<br /> 176.8<br /> 9,568.2<br /> 34,827.0<br />Cambodia<br /> 181,035<br /> 14,957.8<br /> 10,368.2<br /> 530.2<br /> 8,886.7<br /> 693.2<br />Indonesia<br /> 1,860,360<br /> 231,369.5<br /> 546,527.0<br /> 4,876.8<br /> 213,339.2<br /> 2,362.1<br />Lao PDR<br /> 236,800<br /> 5,922.1<br /> 5,579.2<br /> 318.6<br /> 2,962.1<br /> 942.1<br />Malaysia<br /> 330,252<br /> 28,306.7<br /> 193,107.7<br /> 1,381.0<br /> 280,221.4<br /> 6,822.1<br />Myanmar<br /> 676,577<br /> 59,534.3<br /> 24,972.8<br /> 578.6<br /> 10,191.3<br /> 419.5<br />Philippines<br /> 300,000<br /> 92,226.6<br /> 161,357.6<br /> 1,948.0<br /> 83,868.6<br /> 1,749.6<br />Singapore<br /> 710<br /> 4,987.6<br /> 182,701.7<br /> 16,256.2<br /> 515,617.1<br /> 36,631.2<br />Thailand<br /> 513,120<br /> 66,903.0<br /> 264,322.8<br /> 5,956.9<br /> 286,266.8<br /> 3,950.8<br />Viet Nam<br /> 331,051<br /> 86,024.6<br /> 96,317.1<br /> 7,600.0<br /> 25,921.9<br /> 1,104.2<br />ASEAN<br /> 4,435,670<br /> 590,638.3<br /> 1,499,400.8<br /> 39,623.0<br /> 1,536,843.3<br /> 2,533.5<br />2% of world GDP<br />10% of world population<br />
  5. 5. Key Components of the AEC:ASEAN as a single market and production base<br />Free flow of goods<br />Free flow of services<br />Free flow of investment<br />Freer flow of capital<br />Free flow of skilled labour<br />
  6. 6. Simplifying Trade<br />ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) – Eliminating tariffs and non-tariff barriers<br />Simplifying, harmonising and standardising trade and customs, processes, procedures and related information flows<br />Customs integration to smoothen customs clearance<br />Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) <br />
  7. 7. Services<br /><ul><li>allowance for 70% ASEAN foreign equity participation in all domestic service industries by 2015</li></ul>Investment<br /><ul><li>Promote ASEAN as an integrated investment area and production network.</li></li></ul><li>Labour<br />Facilitate the issuance of visas and employment passes for ASEAN professionals and skilled labour who are engaged in cross-border trade and investment related activities. <br />Enhance cooperation among Universities to increase mobility for both students and staff within the region.<br />Develop core competencies and qualifications for job/occupational and trainers skills required in the priority services sectors<br />
  8. 8. Research and Technology<br />Strengthen research capabilities of each member country in terms of promoting skills, job placements, and developing labour market information networks. <br />Promote cooperation, joint approaches and technology transfer among ASEAN Member Countries and international, regional organisations and private sector. <br />Develop joint strategies / positions on issues of related interest to ASEAN with international organisations such as WTO, FAO, OIE, IPCC <br />
  9. 9. โครงการท่าเรือน้ำลึกที่ทวาย<br />
  10. 10. เส้นทางของ GMS Southern Corridor<br />
  11. 11. ใครจะได้ประโยชน์จากการรวมอาเซียนเป็น AEC<br />
  12. 12. Countries Stage of Development<br />Source: WEF, The Global Competitiveness Report 2010–2011<br />
  13. 13. Dr. Nares Damrongchai @2010 Please do not circulate outside APEC ISTWG<br />14<br />factor-driven<br />innovation-driven<br />efficiency-driven<br />Countries Stage of Development<br />Source: WEF, The Global Competitiveness Report 2010–2011<br />
  14. 14. ความเหลื่อมล้ำในอาเซียน<br />Photo from Flickr.com<br />All rights reserved by liber<br />
  15. 15. ปัญหาการกระจายรายได้ของไทยนั้น...<br />...แย่กว่า มาเลเซีย ฟิลิปปินส์ และ อินโดนีเซีย<br />
  16. 16. 80<br />___% ของครัวเรือนทั่วประเทศไม่มีน้ำประปาในบ้าน<br />
  17. 17. How much can you use <br />knowledge for development?<br />Singapore, Malaysia and Thailandrank highest regarding their overall innovation performance. <br />
  18. 18. ASEAN<br />Source: World Bank, 2010<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Thailand ---<br />
  21. 21. อนาคตอาเซียนและอนาคตไทย<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. SWOT Thailand<br />
  24. 24. Thailand’s Advantage<br />Office space<br />‘Bangkok contains the most office space of any ASEAN city, including Singapore, according to research by Colliers International throughout Asia Pacific. Tokyo contains by far the greatest amount of space in Asia as a whole with around 10 times the amount as Bangkok. http://www.thaivest.com/bangkok-has-the-most-office-space-of-asean-cities/’<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. Percentage of Biotechnology Companies in Thailand in 2009<br />Source: Chanvarasuth N. and Indaraprasirt R.: Thailand Biotech Business: Product of the National Policy, Journal of Commercial Biotechnology 2009 15, 66-72<br />
  27. 27. เป้าหมาย ~ปี 2016<br />1 %<br />15:10,000<br />30:70<br />หมายเหตุ :ปี 2007  R&D Exp = 18,225 MB<br /> R&D Exp : Gov : Private =10,935:7,290 MB<br />  R&D Personnel = 42,624 (man-year)<br />ที่มา: สำนักงานคณะกรรมการนโยบายวิทยาศาสตร์ เทคโนโลยี และนวัตกรรมแห่งชาติ (ธันวาคม 2553)<br />
  28. 28. Krabi Initiative 2010<br />Defining direction of ASEAN’s STI up to and beyond 2015<br />Science Technology and Innovation (STI) for a Competitive, Sustainable and Inclusive ASEAN<br />focusing on bottom-of-the-pyramid,<br />youth, and green society<br />Photo from Flickr.com<br />All rights reserved by faha_ska<br />
  29. 29. Krabi Initiative 2010:Science Technology and Innovation (STI) for a Competitive , Sustainable and Inclusive ASEAN<br />ASEAN 2015 – Vision of ASEAN Leaders<br />Rationale<br />Roles of STI – A Balance between Competitiveness and Human Development (People-oriented STI)<br />Reinventing ASEAN Scientific Community for a Meaningful Delivery of STI Agenda in ASEAN<br />ASEAN Innovation for Global Market<br />Green Technology<br />Digital Economy, New Media & Social Network<br />Food Security<br />Thematic Tracks<br />Science and Innovation for Life<br />Biodiversity for Health & Wealth<br />Water Management<br />Energy Security<br />Public-Private Partnership Platform <br />STI for Green Society<br />Bottom-of-the -Pyramid (BOP) Focus <br />Youth-focused Innovation<br />STI Enculturation <br />Paradigm Shifts<br />Organisational restructure for a meaningful delivery of STI agenda in ASEAN<br />Develop mechanisms to pursue partnerships and cooperation with other stakeholders in STI <br />Courses of Action<br />Enhance ASEAN Plan of Action on S&T for 2012-2015 and leverage the recommendations of the Krabi Retreat for development of future APAST beyond 2015<br />Implement monitoring and evaluation mechanism for the implementation of STI thematic tracks<br />Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office - Thailand, December 2010<br />
  30. 30. 100 … 83 … 75<br />Almost 80% of enterprises from all sectors in Thailand do not understand the benefits of regional integration. <br />Survey by the University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce (UTCC) Centre for International Trade Studies released recently http://www.asianewsnet.net/home/news.php?id=15526&sec=15<br />
  31. 31. There is less than 4 years!<br />

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