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Presentation on "ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015: Impacts & Benefits to Thailand’s Academic and Technology-based Business Sectors" at Biotechnology Business and Regulations Seminar

Presentation on "ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015: Impacts & Benefits to Thailand’s Academic and Technology-based Business Sectors" at Biotechnology Business and Regulations Seminar
overview เรื่องประชาคมเศรษฐกิจอาเซียนที่จะเกิดขึ้นเป็นทางการในปี 2015 ความสำคัญ ผลกระทบ ข้อดี ข้อเสียและ แนวทางการเตรียมการรับมือที่ภาคเอกชนและภาคการศึกษาของไทยควรจะต้องให้ความสำคัญและปรับตัวเพื่อให้ได้รับประโยชน์สูงสุด

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    Asean impact on biotech sector   nares Asean impact on biotech sector nares Presentation Transcript

    • ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in2015: Impacts & Benefits to Thailand’s Academic and Technology-based Business Sectors
      นเรศ ดำรงชัย
      nares@sti.or.th
      ผู้อำนวยการศูนย์คาดการณ์เทคโนโลยีเอเปค
      สำนักงานคณะกรรมการนโยบายวิทยาศาสตร์ เทคโนโลยี และนวัตกรรมแห่งชาติ
    • รู้จักอาเซียน & AEC
    • How do you imagine the ASEAN Community to be like in 2015?
      ASEAN Community
      ASEAN
      Political-Security
      Community
      (APSC)
      ASEAN
      Economic
      Community
      (AEC)
      ASEAN
      Socio-Cultural
      Community
      (ASCC)
      Narrowing the Development GAP (NDG)
    • ASEAN at a glance: Facts and Figures (2009)
      Country
      Land Area
      (km2)
      Population
      (‘000)
      GDP
      (USD million)
      FDI
      (USD million)
      Total Trade
      (USD million)
      GDP
      (per capita)
      Brunei Darussalam
      5,765
      406.2
      14,146.7
      176.8
      9,568.2
      34,827.0
      Cambodia
      181,035
      14,957.8
      10,368.2
      530.2
      8,886.7
      693.2
      Indonesia
      1,860,360
      231,369.5
      546,527.0
      4,876.8
      213,339.2
      2,362.1
      Lao PDR
      236,800
      5,922.1
      5,579.2
      318.6
      2,962.1
      942.1
      Malaysia
      330,252
      28,306.7
      193,107.7
      1,381.0
      280,221.4
      6,822.1
      Myanmar
      676,577
      59,534.3
      24,972.8
      578.6
      10,191.3
      419.5
      Philippines
      300,000
      92,226.6
      161,357.6
      1,948.0
      83,868.6
      1,749.6
      Singapore
      710
      4,987.6
      182,701.7
      16,256.2
      515,617.1
      36,631.2
      Thailand
      513,120
      66,903.0
      264,322.8
      5,956.9
      286,266.8
      3,950.8
      Viet Nam
      331,051
      86,024.6
      96,317.1
      7,600.0
      25,921.9
      1,104.2
      ASEAN
      4,435,670
      590,638.3
      1,499,400.8
      39,623.0
      1,536,843.3
      2,533.5
      2% of world GDP
      10% of world population
    • Key Components of the AEC:ASEAN as a single market and production base
      Free flow of goods
      Free flow of services
      Free flow of investment
      Freer flow of capital
      Free flow of skilled labour
    • Simplifying Trade
      ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) – Eliminating tariffs and non-tariff barriers
      Simplifying, harmonising and standardising trade and customs, processes, procedures and related information flows
      Customs integration to smoothen customs clearance
      Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs)
    • Services
      • allowance for 70% ASEAN foreign equity participation in all domestic service industries by 2015
      Investment
      • Promote ASEAN as an integrated investment area and production network.
    • Labour
      Facilitate the issuance of visas and employment passes for ASEAN professionals and skilled labour who are engaged in cross-border trade and investment related activities.
      Enhance cooperation among Universities to increase mobility for both students and staff within the region.
      Develop core competencies and qualifications for job/occupational and trainers skills required in the priority services sectors
    • Research and Technology
      Strengthen research capabilities of each member country in terms of promoting skills, job placements, and developing labour market information networks.
      Promote cooperation, joint approaches and technology transfer among ASEAN Member Countries and international, regional organisations and private sector.
      Develop joint strategies / positions on issues of related interest to ASEAN with international organisations such as WTO, FAO, OIE, IPCC
    • โครงการท่าเรือน้ำลึกที่ทวาย
    • เส้นทางของ GMS Southern Corridor
    • ใครจะได้ประโยชน์จากการรวมอาเซียนเป็น AEC
    • Countries Stage of Development
      Source: WEF, The Global Competitiveness Report 2010–2011
    • Dr. Nares Damrongchai @2010 Please do not circulate outside APEC ISTWG
      14
      factor-driven
      innovation-driven
      efficiency-driven
      Countries Stage of Development
      Source: WEF, The Global Competitiveness Report 2010–2011
    • ความเหลื่อมล้ำในอาเซียน
      Photo from Flickr.com
      All rights reserved by liber
    • ปัญหาการกระจายรายได้ของไทยนั้น...
      ...แย่กว่า มาเลเซีย ฟิลิปปินส์ และ อินโดนีเซีย
    • 80
      ___% ของครัวเรือนทั่วประเทศไม่มีน้ำประปาในบ้าน
    • How much can you use
      knowledge for development?
      Singapore, Malaysia and Thailandrank highest regarding their overall innovation performance.
    • ASEAN
      Source: World Bank, 2010
    • Thailand ---
    • อนาคตอาเซียนและอนาคตไทย
    • SWOT Thailand
    • Thailand’s Advantage
      Office space
      ‘Bangkok contains the most office space of any ASEAN city, including Singapore, according to research by Colliers International throughout Asia Pacific. Tokyo contains by far the greatest amount of space in Asia as a whole with around 10 times the amount as Bangkok. http://www.thaivest.com/bangkok-has-the-most-office-space-of-asean-cities/’
    • Percentage of Biotechnology Companies in Thailand in 2009
      Source: Chanvarasuth N. and Indaraprasirt R.: Thailand Biotech Business: Product of the National Policy, Journal of Commercial Biotechnology 2009 15, 66-72
    • เป้าหมาย ~ปี 2016
      1 %
      15:10,000
      30:70
      หมายเหตุ :ปี 2007  R&D Exp = 18,225 MB
       R&D Exp : Gov : Private =10,935:7,290 MB
       R&D Personnel = 42,624 (man-year)
      ที่มา: สำนักงานคณะกรรมการนโยบายวิทยาศาสตร์ เทคโนโลยี และนวัตกรรมแห่งชาติ (ธันวาคม 2553)
    • Krabi Initiative 2010
      Defining direction of ASEAN’s STI up to and beyond 2015
      Science Technology and Innovation (STI) for a Competitive, Sustainable and Inclusive ASEAN
      focusing on bottom-of-the-pyramid,
      youth, and green society
      Photo from Flickr.com
      All rights reserved by faha_ska
    • Krabi Initiative 2010:Science Technology and Innovation (STI) for a Competitive , Sustainable and Inclusive ASEAN
      ASEAN 2015 – Vision of ASEAN Leaders
      Rationale
      Roles of STI – A Balance between Competitiveness and Human Development (People-oriented STI)
      Reinventing ASEAN Scientific Community for a Meaningful Delivery of STI Agenda in ASEAN
      ASEAN Innovation for Global Market
      Green Technology
      Digital Economy, New Media & Social Network
      Food Security
      Thematic Tracks
      Science and Innovation for Life
      Biodiversity for Health & Wealth
      Water Management
      Energy Security
      Public-Private Partnership Platform
      STI for Green Society
      Bottom-of-the -Pyramid (BOP) Focus
      Youth-focused Innovation
      STI Enculturation
      Paradigm Shifts
      Organisational restructure for a meaningful delivery of STI agenda in ASEAN
      Develop mechanisms to pursue partnerships and cooperation with other stakeholders in STI
      Courses of Action
      Enhance ASEAN Plan of Action on S&T for 2012-2015 and leverage the recommendations of the Krabi Retreat for development of future APAST beyond 2015
      Implement monitoring and evaluation mechanism for the implementation of STI thematic tracks
      Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office - Thailand, December 2010
    • 100 … 83 … 75
      Almost 80% of enterprises from all sectors in Thailand do not understand the benefits of regional integration.
      Survey by the University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce (UTCC) Centre for International Trade Studies released recently http://www.asianewsnet.net/home/news.php?id=15526&sec=15
    • There is less than 4 years!