Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Best Practices in Communication of Science
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Best Practices in Communication of Science

  • 526 views
Published

The presentation is focussed to enhance the scientific writing skills of students and scholars. It highlights some of the key features to be followed in writing scientific documents

The presentation is focussed to enhance the scientific writing skills of students and scholars. It highlights some of the key features to be followed in writing scientific documents

Published in Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
526
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3

Actions

Shares
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Best Practices in Communication of Science
  • 2. What we will learn today
    • Communication
    • Science
    • Practices
    • Best
  • 3. Objective of Communication
    • Purpose or message
    • Clarity
    • Sequential arrangement or information flow
    • Reader should be able to decipher the information
    • Communicating Science
    • Translating principles, theories and mathematical connotations into prose
    • Documentation
      • The story of
  • 4. Focus
    • Consistency is the key
    • One can offer to be wrong but not inconsistent
    • Standards and Conventions
  • 5. Manifestations
    • Written
      • Reports
      • Thesis
      • Dissertation
      • Abstracts
      • Journal article
      • Journal paper
      • Manuscripts
      • Progress reports
      • Proposals
      • Posters
      • Presentations
    • Anything we write and wish someone to read
    • Oral
      • Lectures
      • Talks
      • Speech
      • Oration
      • and so forth
    Anything we write with an objective and wish someone to read and understand Comprehend So do Answer Scripts
  • 6. Attributes of Written Communication
    • Reader should be able to comprehend the purpose
    • Reproducibility
      • Give all necessary and sufficient details to the minute detail to be able to reproduce results !
      • All information required for reproduction of data should be available with the author !!!!
  • 7. Typical Format
    • Title
    • Table of contents
    • List of Figures
    • List of Tables
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Motivation !!!
    • Objective !!!
    • Methodology
    • Literature survey / Previous study
    • Experimental setup
    • Materials and Methods
    • Mathematical Model
    • Operating procedure
    • Results and discussion
    • Conclusion
    • Nomenclature
    • References
    • Annexure / Supplementary material
    • Acknowledgements
  • 8. Writing Style
    • Different sections are written in different styles
      • Literature survey / Previous studies Past tense
      • Global facts Present tense
      • Experimental, materials, methods, Results and discussion Past tense
        • Note we are writing after we have done the work !!
      • Proposals Present tense / future tense
      • Active voice and Passive voice conflicts
    • Past tense is easy to handle
    • If in doubt, maintain same tense in all sections (consistency !!)
  • 9. Formulae and Equations
    • Use standard notations and symbols
    • Don’t develop YOUR own SI system !!!
    • “ Kg”, “KJ” A blunder !!!! Its “kg”, “kJ”
    • sec
    • Co and CO are different
    • H2O does not exists !!!! All that exists is H 2 O
    • Refer http:// www.bipm.org/en/si /
  • 10. More on Formulae and Equations
    • H2 + 1/2O2 does not give H2O
    • H 2 + ½ O 2 H 2 O
    • Expressions, Formulae, Equations are not sentences !!! So write equations with their mathematical integrity and readability
    • dC/dt = k C^2
    • dC/dt = k * C
  • 11. Least Count
    • Decimal places
    • Least count
    • Accuracy
    • Truncation error
      • When to truncate
    • Round off the answer and not each and every step of your calculation !!
    • Use parametric sensitivity analysis in regression
  • 12. Experimental data
    • Indicate least count of the measuring instrument
    • Error bars
    • An experiment data without error bars is unfit and totally absurd
    • Convention
      • Experimental data Symbols or points
      • Simulated or model data, regression Lines
    • Why so?
  • 13. Graphs
    • Graphical representation of data
      • Effective means of science communication
      • Helps to comprehend the theory better
      • Figure caption should be comprehensive and be a standalone title
    Data represented poorly Information lost !!
  • 14. Graphical Representation Experimental data are discrete information
  • 15. Error Bars Illustration
  • 16. More on Regression
    • Which is a good fit ? And why??
    y = 0.4822x 3 - 4.2524x 2 + 11.065x - 6.452 R² = 0.9453 y = 0.2107x + 1.036 R² = 0.1076
  • 17. Citations
    • Cite whatever is not YOUR own !!!
      • Practitioners of science should also practice honesty !
      • We are not honouring the author – It is our DUTY to cite the author !!!!
    • Standards
      • Author followed by year of publication
      • Serial number of the quoted publication in the reference list
    • Author – Date format
      • For single author publication
        • Last name (family name) followed by year
      • For two authors
        • Last name (family name) of both the authors followed by year
      • More than two authors
        • Last name (family name) of the first author, followed by “et al.” and then year
      • Never include initials, first name (given name)
  • 18. Examples for Citations
    • Sharma (1978) investigated the effect of surfactants on gas holdup.
    • The increase in interfacial area was found to be 10% (Carberry and Varma, 1982).
    • Kinetics of agglomeration in sugar solution was reported by Shah et al. (1990).
    • Effect of surfactant on viscosity is widely reported ( Sharma, 1978; Carberry and Varma, 1982; Shah et al. 1990 )
    • Effect of surfactant on viscosity is widely reported ( Shah et al. 1990; Carberry and Varma, 1982; Sharma, 1978 )
      • Follow the timeline while quoting multiple references !!
  • 19. Reference List
    • All works/publications cited in the text/report should be included in the reference list
    • The purpose of reference list is to make the reader LOCATE the cited work
    • All required and sufficient information to locate the cited work should be provided
      • Author name, title of work/paper, source of publication or journal, volume no, issue no, page no
    • Follow the standard
      • Author – date, arranged in alphabetical order
      • Serial no
    • Journal abbreviations
      • Refer http://www.cas.org/expertise/cascontent/caplus/corejournals.html
  • 20. Examples for Reference List
    • Chilton, T. H. and Colburn, A. P. (1931). Pressure drop in packed tubes. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 23, 913 – 919.
    • Treybal, R. E. (1957). Liquid extraction. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 49, 514 – 526.
    • Liu, Z., Shi,S. and Li, Y. (2010). Coal liquefaction technologies – Development in China and challenges in chemical reaction engineering. Chemical Engineering Science, 65, 12 – 17.
    • Froment G. F. and Bischoff, K. B. (1979). Chemical reactor analysis and design. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
    Something is wrong here !!! Alphabetical arrangement Indent from second line
  • 21. Revised Reference List
    • Chilton, T. H. and Colburn, A. P. (1931). Pressure drop in packed tubes. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 23, 913 – 919.
    • Froment G. F. and Bischoff, K. B. (1979). Chemical reactor analysis and design. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
    • Liu, Z., Shi,S. and Li, Y. (2010). Coal liquefaction technologies – Development in China and challenges in chemical reaction engineering. Chemical Engineering Science, 65, 12 – 17.
    • Treybal, R. E. (1957). Liquid extraction. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 49, 514 – 526.
    • What the purpose ???
  • 22. Journal Papers http://journalseek.net/
  • 23. For Web References
    • Provide complete URL and specify the date
      • Web content is dynamic !!!
    • URL: http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plug_flow_reactor_model , 26 August 2011
    • Web references are not primary references
      • They can supportive but cannot stand alone !!!!
  • 24. The Golden Principle
    • Cite only those references which you can trace yourself first !!!
    • You should have access to every cited text/work/journal publication
      • Hard copy
        • Library
        • In your personal repository
      • Soft copy
      • Bare minimum, should know in which library it is available and you should have atleast “ seen ” it before you “ cite it ”
      • If NOT then please DON’T CITE
  • 25. Documentation
    • Store all documents in a proper organized fashion
    • Retrievable at any point in time !!!
      • 1 year, 10 years or 100 years !!!
      • By the creator and by the user as well !!
    • Develop your own format for data storage and stick to it !!!
      • Follow
      • Segregate files into different groups
    • Naming of documents
      • Should reflect version change
      • Don’t replace
        • best-practice-v1-25Aug11.ppt, best-practice-v2-25Aug11.ppt
        • best-practice-01-25Aug.doc, best-practice-02-25Aug.doc
  • 26. Naming Convention..
    • Untitled1.doc, new-microsoft-word.doc, new-microsoft-word-copy.doc, Untitled(1).doc, 2.pdf are totally ABSURD
    • Avoid underscore, document name starting with numbers, blank space in names
      • Use hypen “-” as separators
    • Avoid long file names
    • Idea is to enable easy and efficient tracking !!
    • You can be creative but not irrational
  • 27. In Conclusion
    • A poorly written document
      • Does not signify poor command on English
      • It reflects ambiguity in our understanding of the content
  • 28. What we did today
    • The Experience - blunders, mistake and learning !!
    • Smart !!! Advantage !!!
  • 29. THANK YOU
    • A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new.
    • - Albert Einstein
      • - 1879 -1955
  • 30. Acknowledgements
    • Dr. Vivek V. Ranade, NCL, Pune
    • iFMg Members (My friends and colleagues)
    • ICT (formerly UDCT) Mumbai, fraternity
    THANKS and GRATITUDE And many others who enriched my science communication skills