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Introduction to FOSS world
 

Introduction to FOSS world

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Introduction to FOSS world

Introduction to FOSS world

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    Introduction to FOSS world Introduction to FOSS world Presentation Transcript

    • An Introduction to Free and Open Source World By – Narendra Sisodiya http://narendra.techfandu.org (C) Narendra Sisodiya, Licensed under CC-By-Sa 2.5 In
    • CC-By-SA 2.5 In This work is Licensed under Creative Common Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 India
      • You have Freedom
            • to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work
            • to Remix — to adapt the work Share
        • Under the following Conditions
            • Attribution — You must attribute the work by proving the name of author and homepage. (Narendra Sisodiya http://narendra.techfandu.org)
            • Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one.
    • Who I am I am a independent FOSS activist, supporter, contributor, a jQuery lover who is working on Project Eduvid. Contact : [email_address] Twitter : http://twitter.com/eduvid WebSite: http://narendra.techfandu.org
    • why FOSS, why Linux (1)
      • Freedom matters
      • Free of Cost (Not always)
      • No Vendor Lock in
      • Open Standard (odt, png ..)
      • No Virus at all
      • Compatibility with other OS
      • Fast Boot – 1 minute to Boot
      • Automate Jobs using Command Line.
      • Schedule jobs using crond
      • Most companies use FOSS tool even they produce non-foss product (Ex java tools)
      • XFS on Linux can scale upto a million TB (NTFS is just 16 TB)
      • Linux can scale to 1024 processors on a single computer
      • Fastest Super Computer to Server of google to mobile and your Airtel Beetal router use Linux
      • Support 100+ file system
      http://cityblogger.com/archives/2007/01/24/101-reasons-why-linux-is-better-than-windows
    • why FOSS, why Linux (2)
      • Speed – everyday = installday
      • Community Support
      • Excellent for programming
      • Plug-n-boot–testdrive w/o install
      • Linux can run on old hardware with 32 MB ram
      • Support Dual boot
      • Install from network, usb, cd/dvd
      • Everyday updates
      • Now Google and most MNC support FOSS
      • Growth rate of 25% per year.
      • Lost of choice for software
      • No piracy
      • True 64 bit distro available
      • Easy test drive (Ex Mysql is free of cost)
      http://cityblogger.com/archives/2007/01/24/101-reasons-why-linux-is-better-than-windows
    • why FOSS, why Linux (3)
      • 3D Desktop - Compiz Fusion
      • No need for extra device drivers
      • Multiple Workspace
      • Purpose based Distro
      • Most documented OS
      • No Defragmentation needed
      • No more BSOD
      • No Reboot – I did not turnoff my lab PC for 8 month after install
      • Built in virtualization ( XEN / KVM / VirtualBox / etc )
      • Linux is used in embedded device as well
      • Now Mobile comes with Linux – Openmoko, Android
      • BUG tracking system
      http://cityblogger.com/archives/2007/01/24/101-reasons-why-linux-is-better-than-windows
    • Behind Software you
    • RMS
      • One of the greatest person cum ideal in digital industry.
      • 1983, launched the GNU Project
      • GNU is a Operating System. Full project was never completed.
      • 1985, set up the Free Software Foundation
      • Wrote GNU GPL license
      • GNU development tools, ex gcc compiler
      • Stallman popularized the concept of copyleft
      Richard Matthew Stallman aka rms http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Stallman
    • Free Software Definition
      • Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. More precisely, it refers to four kinds of freedom, for the users of the software:
        • The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
        • The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
        • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
        • The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements (and modified versions in general) to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
      • http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
    • Linus Torvalds
      • 1991, a Finnish student, used the GNU development tools to produce Linux, an operating system kernel
      • Kernel was the missing component of GNU Operating System
      • MCC Interim Linux, (1992) was first Linux Distro
      • GNU/Linux is appropriate term.
      • Soon many community Distro developed
        • Debian , FreeBSD, OpenBSD
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linus_Torvalds
    • Free vs Open Source
      • Free software is software that gives you the user the freedom to share, study and modify it. We call this free software because the user is free. -
      • http://www.fsf.org
      • Free denotes “Freedom” and not Free of cost
      • Open source is a development method for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer review and transparency of process. The promise of open source is better quality, higher reliability, more flexibility, lower cost, and an end to predatory vendor lock-in.
      • http://www.opensource.org/
      Suggested to read http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html http://www.fsf.org/about/what-is-free-software
    • MIT License Copyright (c) <year> <copyright holders> Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the &quot;Software&quot;), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED &quot;AS IS&quot;, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
    • GPL ( a CopyLeft )
      • GPL and many Free Software licenses are Copy left
      • CopyLeft is legal mechanism to protect the modification and redistribution rights for free software
      • GPL v2.0 and GPL v3.0 available
      • Most popular license
      • Its a viral license.
      • I like viralness – Open Source to open Sorce, business to business.
    • Creative Commons
      • Attribution (By): Licensees may copy, distribute, display and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only if they give the author or licensor the credits in the manner specified by these.
      • Noncommercial (nc): Licensees may copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for noncommercial purposes.
      • Non-derivative (nd): Licensees may copy, distribute, display and perform only verbatim copies of the work, not derivative works based on it.
      • Share-alike ShareAlike (sa): Licensees may distribute derivative works only under a license identical to the license that governs the original work
      • 16 Possible combination , Only 11 are Valid (nd+sa is invalid)
      • I really Like – CC-By-SA and CC-SA (neki kar dariya mei daal)
      • http://www.reasonforliberty.com/ethics/choose-creative-commons-over-copyright.html
      • http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creative_Commons_licenses
    • FOSS economics
      • Common way
        • Dual license model Ex- MySQL
        • Dual product model Ex-
        • Professional services model Ex- JBoss
      • http://www.spacebug.com/how_to_make_money_from_open_source.html
      • http://itmanagement.earthweb.com/osrc/article.php/3686616
      • http://tinyurl.com/66y774
      • http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/magic-cauldron/magic-cauldron-9.html
    • Linux Distro
      • Distro = a GNU/Linux Operating System Distribution
      • There are more then 300 Linux Distro exist
        • http://distrowatch.com/
      • Redhat is most successful distro for commercial usage
      • Mint, Ubuntu , Fedora, Debian, OpenSuse are most popular
      • Most distro has Live DVD/ Live CD/ Live USB possible
        • Let me coin – Plug-n-Boot
      • You can create your own Linux Distro
        • http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/
        • http://tinyurl.com/88wja3 Custom Fedora Spins
    • Installating Linux
      • Download Your Desired Linux Distro, Or take a copy of from your friend. (its totally legal)
        • In IITD , http://10.10.4.1 is local mirror
      • http://www.howtoforge.com/ Website contains a “Tutorials with screenshots” for instructions to install.
    •  
    • Notice the Feedom
    • Installing a new Software
      • Every Distro maintains Repo (repository) of Packages/Software
      • Every Distro install a new packages from online repos
        • sudo yum install vlc
        • sudo apt-get install vlc
      • yum (Yumex) and apt-get (Synaptic Package Manager) are package manger
        • GUI software interface for installation of new packages
      • You can also install using source code
        • make configure; make ; make install
      • Demo
    • Common Software (1)
      • Education
        • Moodle , OpenAdmin, NewGenLib, open-ils,
        • Denemo, Gcompris, Gnu Paint, Inkscape, Kalzium , Kanagram , Kig, kpercentage, kstars, ktouch, kturtle, kvoctrain, kino, qcad, screem, scribus, tomboy, tuxmath, tuxpaint,
      • OpenSuse has Li-f-e - http://en.opensuse.org/Education/Live
      • Ubuntu has special Disto http://edubuntu.org/
      • http://www.i4donline.net/oct04/ict_edu.asp
      • http://www.edubuntu.org/applications/8.04
      • http://bit.ly/4BqzN
      http://www.linuxalt.com/ Visit to get Alternative Softwares in linux
    • Common Software (2)
      • Music , Audio n Video
        • (play) vlc, mplayer, gmplayer, Cheese (web cam tool)9
        • (Audio edit) – Audacity, Traverso
        • (Video edit) – Avidmux,
        • (CD /DVD) – DVD styler , InfraRecorder, K3b
        • (Screen Capture) - xvidcap and istanbul
        • special Disto www.64studio.com
        • http://www.opensound.com/ossapps.html
      http://www.linuxalt.com/ Visit to get Alternative Softwares in linux
    • Common Software (3)
      • Internet
        • Firefox is “The Best” internet browser, Opera is also cool.
        • Do not use “IE” - it is just a crap software
        • Pidgin – Internet messenger (gtalk, yahoo, irc )
        • Gyachi (yahoo messenger for Linux)
        • Transmission, (bittorrent client), gftp
        • Many many other software
        • gwet -c http://download.com/file.zip OR use proz
      http://www.linuxalt.com/ Visit to get Alternative Softwares in linux
    • Common Software (4)
      • Engineering
        • A hell lot of tool are available – just search on google
        • Eclipse is most popular IDE for programming
        • gcc toolchain is for system programming
        • GTK and many GUI framework are available.
        • Titanium is latest API for building cross-platform Desktop (window , linux) and Mobile application (iPhone, android)
        • TinyCAD, Qcad, ( http://opencollector.org/collector.php )
        • FreeCAD, SweetHome 3D
        • Fedora Electronics Lab Spin
      http://www.linuxalt.com/ Visit to get Alternative Softwares in linux
    • Common Software (5)
      • Animation, photo
        • Blender – 3D design tool, alternative to Maya
        • Inkscape – Vector drawing tool
        • GIMP – A photo editing tool. Alternate to photoshop
        • 3D movie generated using these tool
          • Elephants Dream
          • http://www.bigbuckbunny.org/
          • Demo Time
        • You can set a animation studio with a very less cost
      http://www.linuxalt.com/ Visit to get Alternative Softwares in linux
    • Common Software (6)
      • Documentation
        • Latex & Kile – The best documentation tool. - need some effort to learn
        • Dia,
        • Open Office Org
        • Scribus – alt to abobe pagemaker
        • Xpdf, kpdf, evince, command line pdf utils.
      http://www.linuxalt.com/ Visit to get Alternative Softwares in linux
    • Common Software (7)
      • Other Software
        • gparted, gedit, F-spot, digicam, GNUcash, isomaker,
        • http://sourceforge.net/ - 1,80,000+ project
        • You can install Open Source tool on window too !
        • Search Google to get most recent released Open source tool
        • There are “Purpose based Distro” available.
        • http://linuxappfinder.com/
        • http://www.linuxalt.com/ http://www.osalt.com/
        • http://ubuntulinuxhelp.com/top-100-of-the-best-useful-opensource-applications/
    • Demo Demo Of Linux Desktop and Common Softwares
    • Support FOSS
      • Use Linux Distro, Use Open Source Software
      • Create and Share your assignment and project work under GNU GPL license.
      • Advocate for FOSS - http://fosscomm.in/IfYouAre
      • Always use CC license for Documents, Photos and Video
      • Use Open Office and Open Formats
        • http://tinyvid.tv/ Upload ogg video here
        • http://www.dailymotion.com/openvideodemo
        • Firefox 3.5+ support native html5 ogg support.
    • Why Open Office
      • Its the Open Standard which matter
      • ODF (Open Document Format) is
        • odt, - Text
        • odp – Presentation
        • ods - SpreadSheet
      • No vendor lock in
      • Export to pdf, swf, html, tex and various other format
      • http://docs.oasis-open.org/office/v1.1/OS/OpenDocument-v1.1.pdf
      • http://www.learnopenoffice.org/
    • FOSS Magazine
      • Online
        • http://www.linuxfordevices.com/
        • https://www.linuxpromagazine.com/
        • Google “linux” , follow #linux on twitter
      • Offline
        • Linux for you in India
        • Digit – August issue Contains
        • “ Fast track to Open Source”
    • How & from Where should I start my journey to Linux and Open Source World
      • Install Linux – and use it
      • Take some good books and then read them
      • If possible, take some certification program (RedHat)
      • http://lug-iitd.org/Nice_Linux_Links
    • Question ? [Photo credit : alexanderdrachmann ]