1. Javeria 8th grade female Presenting problem: Math teacher kicked her out of class for the third time this term.
2. Learning | Consulting | Assessment¡ NarejoHR, § Established 2002 § Service Oﬀerings ¡ Rahila Narejo § Chief Executive & Lead HR Consultant, NarejoHR (Pvt.) Ltd. § Psychobiologist, Univ. California, Los Angeles § Psychometrician, British Psychological Society § Certiﬁed Balanced Scorecard Professional, Palladium Group § Columnist, Workplace Sanity, DAWN Newspaper
3. ¡ Diagnose the problem ¡ Describe what’s wanted ¡ Discover the cause ¡ Discover what’s already ¡ Address the weakness working ¡ Make detailed action ¡ Find strengths plans to solve the ¡ Take small steps to problem build the solution
4. What’s wanted? What’s the problem? ‘Future Perfect P ’ Dreaded Future Past Present Future
5. ✗ ppin g List Sho -‐ Milk -‐ Eggs -‐ A pples -‐ Y oghurt -‐ Juice -‐ Bread Not today!!
6. ¡ Steve de Shazer & Insoo Kim Berg ¡ Research & Training § Brief Family Therapy Group, Milwaukee (1978) § Exceptions to problems (1980 s) ¡ In 2007, rights given to the National Solution Focused § Miracle Question & Scaling Question Brief Therapy Association developed (1984) ¡ www.s&ta.org
7. What’s wanted? What’s the problem? ‘Future Perfect Why is it wrong, P weaknesses? ’ Dreaded Future What’s working, strengths? Past Present Future
9. Javeria 8th grade female Presenting problem: Math teacher kicked her out of class for the third time this term.
10. ¡ Traditional question: What PROBLEM brought you here today SFBT question: How can I help you today?
11. ¡ The problem does not happen all the time ¡ Inquire about times when the same problem was worse or not present (Ex. Tell me about a time when this wasn’t a problem for you or was worse?) ¡ Praise the student/client for what they did diﬀerently when the problem was not present
12. ¡ Suppose a miracle happens tonight while you are asleep and when you wake up, the problem that brought you here was solved. ¡ How would you know the miracle happened since it happened when you were sleeping? What would be diﬀerent when you woke up?
13. ¡ On a scale of 1 to 10, with 1 being the problem at its worst, and 10 being when you don’t have this problem, like after the miracle, where are you RIGHT NOW? ¡ Reinforce ¡ What would have to be diﬀerent for you to be one or two steps higher on the scale?
14. ¡ If you moved higher on the scale, would anyone else notice? If so, what would they notice? What would be diﬀerent? ¡ What could you do diﬀerently between now and tomorrow for you to rate yourself higher on the scale?
15. ¡ Give client, RIGHT THEN, ON THE SPOT, a pen and paper to write down a to-‐do list ¡ Client s TO-‐DO LIST will consist of what THEY said needed to be done to move up the scale to reach THEIR miracle!
17. ¡ Research online for more SFBT information ¡ To download SFBT treatment manual, SFBTA web site or www.compasspointcounseling.org ¡ Try techniques, and practice, practice, practice! ¡ Let me hear about your successes for a future article ¡ Use Solution Focused Techniques in other areas, in place of problem solving techniques, seek solutions!