OpenStreetMap open data ecosystem between opportunities and legal conundrums

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the wonderfull opportunities created by OpenStreetMap and the legal aspects around the project with a short focus on Italy.
Presented during
Open Data in Transition: Intellectual Property, Competition Policy, and Regulatory Issues
http://www.unitn.it/economia/evento/32719/open-data-in-transition
Organized by WIPO and UNITN

PS: if you know openstreetmap, you have to start from the slide 23

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OpenStreetMap open data ecosystem between opportunities and legal conundrums

  1. 1. OpenStreetMap open data ecosystem between opportunities and legal conundrums Maurizio Napolitano Open Data Institute – Trento Node FBK Open Data in Transition: Intellectual property, competition, and regulatory issues Thursday 19 th December 2013, Trento Italy http://unitn.it/economia/evento/32719/open-data-in-transition
  2. 2. openstreetmap.org
  3. 3. The project OpenStreetMap is a free editable map of the whole planet. It is made by people like you. ~ http://www.openstreetmap.org
  4. 4. The story http://visual.ly/moments-history-openstreetmap Now 1.200.000 contributors
  5. 5. How contribute http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Beginners%27_guide
  6. 6. The five steps
  7. 7. The resources of OpenStreetMap people
  8. 8. The resources of OpenStreetMap tools (by a presentation of Niccolo Rigacci – http://www.rigacci.org - CC-BY-SA-NC)
  9. 9. Map Features (tags) source: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Key:public_transport node way relation More info: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Map_Features http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Proposed_features http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Deprecated_features
  10. 10. Data Entry 1/3 Web editor iD
  11. 11. Data Entry 2/3
  12. 12. Data Entry 3/3 http://fieldpapers.org/atlas.php?id=5m28s2kf#17/46.06626/11.11872
  13. 13. Some outputs ... http://mc.bbbike.org/mc/? lon=11.11905&lat=46.06634&zoom=18&num=2&mt0=mapnik&mt1=google-map
  14. 14. Watercolor by Stamen http://content.stamen.com/files/cartography/index_watercolor.html#17.60/46.06649/11.11834
  15. 15. 3D WebGL http://maps.f4-group.com/#lon=11.1516949&lat=46.0673271&zoom=19
  16. 16. Humanitarian uses http://hot.openstreetmap.org
  17. 17. Software based on OpenStreetMap navfree orienteering http://oobrien.com/oom/ osmand mapOSMatic http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/List_of_OSM_based_Services 4maps.eu
  18. 18. Komoot
  19. 19. From data to things
  20. 20. OpenStreetMap best example
  21. 21. History of the license 2005 2009 Licensing Working Group ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ?
  22. 22. Why CC-BY-SA is Unsuitable [...] Combining CC BY-SA with Other Data Share-Alike Uncertainty and doubt over extent of derived work [...] osm Which license? layer of closed data Which license for the map? osmf need is to enforce copyright on the database only http://www.osmfoundation.org/wiki/License/Why_CC_BY-SA_is_Unsuitable
  23. 23. Solution: ODbL http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/ Permission Restriction December 2009 55% of eligible members have voted, and 89% of those who voted have voted yes. http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Open_Data_License/Why_You_Should_Vote_Yes 19 September 2012 OSM CHANGED THE LICENSE http://blog.osmfoundation.org/2012/09/11/change-to-odbl-imminent/ http://www.osmfoundation.org/wiki/License/Contributor_Terms
  24. 24. Is always share a like license http://www.agenziamobilita.roma.it/servizi/open-data/
  25. 25. OpenStreetMap and italian Public Administration … some stories ...
  26. 26. The relationship with the public administration The italian case of the license “Ad Simonem” Allow me to import your data in OpenStreetMap with a special authorization In most the cases these administrations don't distribute their data as open data
  27. 27. Some consequences ... Now we understand the importance of the open data and we plan to change the license Portale Cartografico Nazionale (some false statements) you are selling data on eBay!!! our server is under attack!!! https://lists.openstreetmap.org/pipermail/talk-it/2010-May/016091.html
  28. 28. Import Guidelines http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Import/Guidelines
  29. 29. Lesson lerned from Kibera MAKING THE INVISIBLE VISIBLE
  30. 30. Some data collected by the mappers swimming pools (privacy?) Illegal horse tracks http://overpass-turbo.eu/s/1Oc http://cortesi.com/2010/02/mapping-illegal-horse-tracks-with-openstreetmap/
  31. 31. Thanks For contacts: Twitter: @napo Blog: http://de.straba.us Slide:http://slideshare.net/napo Email: napo@fbk.eu
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