Open (Government) Data - some hints about Italy

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An introduction to the Open Data with focus on Open Government Data and some hins about the situation in Italy

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Open (Government) Data - some hints about Italy

  1. 1. Open (Government) Dataand some hints about Italy Maurizio Napolitano <maurizio.napolitano@okfn.org>
  2. 2. IndexDefinitionsWhyHowThe Public AdministrationExample with transport dataItalyReferences
  3. 3. Definitions
  4. 4. Definitions (Data) single pieces of information of every nature descriptions of facts reproducible without ambiguities parts of larger information or knowledge structures can be expressed and stored in digital formats Data → Information → Knowledge → Wisdomhttp://digitalcuration.blogspot.com/2009/05/what-are-data.html
  5. 5. Definitions (Open) source: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/openhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open
  6. 6. Definition of Open Data Opendefinition.org“A piece of content or data is open if anyone is free to use, usereuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most,reuseto the requirement to attribute and share-alike.” http://opendefinition.org/okd/
  7. 7. Data and Open Data Wildlife and plants protected Business secrets Aggregated Anything else Statistical secret Anonymized Privacy Military secretsData Open Data
  8. 8. Why?
  9. 9. … it is an old storyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Snow_%28physician%29
  10. 10. Transparency and Open Government My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, transparency public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.Transparency and Open Government Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies (2009)
  11. 11. Now … Open […] Datahttp://www.trentinoopendata.eu Open Government Data http://opengovernmentdata.org/film/ Open Community Data Open Linked Datahttp://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/tim_berners_lee_the_year_open_data_went_worldwide.html
  12. 12. USA
  13. 13. UK
  14. 14. Two years after
  15. 15. One year after
  16. 16. more ... http://opengovernmentdata.org/data/catalogues/
  17. 17. HOW?
  18. 18. The Open Data Handbook :)http://opendatahandbook.org/
  19. 19. How open up data
  20. 20. Linked Open Data ★ make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license ★★ make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table) ★★★ use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel) ★★★★ use URIs to identify things, so that people can point at your stuff ★★★★★ link your data to other data to provide contexthttp://lab.linkeddata.deri.ie/2010/star-scheme-by-example/
  21. 21. LicensesPlease dont forget the open definition!!!
  22. 22. Definition of Open Data“A piece of content or data is open if anyone isfree to use, reuse, and redistribute it — use reusesubject only, at most, to the requirement toattribute and share-alike.”
  23. 23. Which licensehttp://www.jordanhatcher.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Open_v_Public_licenses_Venn.002-001.png
  24. 24. Public Domain PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS NOTHING SHARECREATE ADAPT http://www.publicdomainmanifesto.org/ http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
  25. 25. Attribution PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS ATTRIBUTION SHARECREATE ADAPT ODC AL – CC-BY – IODL 2.0
  26. 26. Share a Like PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS ATTRIBUTION SHARE SHARE ALIKECREATE ADAPT ODbL – CC-BY-SA – IODL 1.0
  27. 27. The Public Administration or Open Government Data or PSI – Public Sector Information
  28. 28. P.A. and Data DISSEMINATECOLLECT MANAGE UPDATE SHARE SERVICE PAID BY TAXES vs distribution at marginal cost average cost recovery transparency optimization costs loss of income high transaction costs
  29. 29. PSI directive EU directive to make the public sector information available for re-use 2003 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directive_on_the_re-use_of_public_sector_informationIn Italy = C.A.D.http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codice_dell%27amministrazione_digitale
  30. 30. European Commission trusts in Open Data http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/11/1524 http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/psi/index_en.htm
  31. 31. But ...
  32. 32. Barriers for implementation of OGD Data islandsInsufficient quality of data hard shell o T he f Censorship Secrets Op en Government low budget huge feedbackdistribution costs Missing resources Unpredictable impacthuman resources new requirmentsThe hard shell of Open Government ( B. Lutz, 2012) - Barriers for implementation of OGD in Austrian public administrations 2012
  33. 33. NOT GOOD OPEN DATA PRACTICEShttp://blog.okfn.org/2011/06/07/when-washington-dc-took-a-step-back-from-open-data-transparency/
  34. 34. a formula for making this possible 1.Leadership also / primarily political 2.Crisis ex. budget cuts 3.Heroes (from government / administration) people that believe is possible, but also ready to lose 4.(Pressure from citizens)http://www.linkedin.com/in/laurencemillar
  35. 35. Open Government recipie Tecnology Law Communication
  36. 36. Understand the data ... Image by EpicGraphic
  37. 37. A good example Communication Der Weg zu Open Government (Data) Wien http://data.wien.gv.at/neuigkeiten/wege/ Understand the data Radfahranlagen http://data.wien.gv.at/katalog/radfahranlagen.htmlAn italian summaryhttp://smartinnovation.forumpa.it/story/69393/la-citta-di-vienna-e-l-open-government-schiaccianoci
  38. 38. An example of data re-use …(transport data)
  39. 39. Why only for Google Transit?
  40. 40. Another use :) http://www.mapnificent.net/http://www.mysociety.org/2007/more-travel-maps/morehousing
  41. 41. http://linz.faehrt.at/Real Time Transport map
  42. 42. Hints about Italy
  43. 43. Italy trusts the open datahttp://www.agenda-digitale.it/
  44. 44. Story ...
  45. 45. Regione PiemonteApprovazione delle nuove Linee Guida regionali in materiadi riusoSono state approvate dalla Regione Piemonte le nuove linee guida che definiscono come riusabilitutti i dati in possesso della Regione di tipo aggregato/anonimo o senza vincoli di privacy e cheadottano come licenza standard la Licenza CC-zero.Queste linee guida licenziano in automatico con licenza standard CC-zero, anche tutti i dati adoggi pubblicati e scaricabili dal sito istituzionale o da altri canali istituzionali della Regione.[...]
  46. 46. Regione Piemonte - CC0http://www.dati.piemonte.it/blog/item/approvazione-delle-nuove-linee-guida-regionali-in-materia-di-riuso.html […] tutti i dati in possesso della Regione di tipo aggregato/anonimo o senza vincoli di privacy [..] adottano come licenza standard la Licenza CC-zero.
  47. 47. ISTAT […] tutti i contenuti pubblicati [...] Creative Commons - Attribuzione - versione 3.0 o successiva. [...] possibile riprodurre, distribuire, trasmettere e adattare liberamente dati e analisi dellIstituto nazionale di statistica, anche a scopi commerciali, a condizione che venga citata la fonte.http://www.istat.it/it/note-legali [...] Non è necessaria alcuna autorizzazione per creare collegamenti ipertestuali verso le pagine di questo sito. http://dati.istat.it/
  48. 48. Italian Open Government Data Regions and autonomous Provices with a ogd data portal Dark Green → official data portal Light Green → some datasets **Lazio is only for the Province of Rome
  49. 49. dati.gov.it (november 2011)+Bologna, Faenza, Firenze, Udine, Torino ….
  50. 50. Trentino ... The 40% of the geodata managed by the Provincia Autonoma of Trento are Open DataPress release http://goo.gl/yNPgD 17/02/2012
  51. 51. wish list fo the next yearOpen Government Data as a RightMore Schemas (Knowledge APIs) – keep it focused, let’s not try to boil the oceanOpen Data as a Platform, Not a CommodityMassive Interconnection Between Open Data SitesOpen Corporate Data (for and by Corporates)Standards (e.g. for catalog metadata) for Data Portals and Data HubsOpen Data for Growth – making clear the the connectionStrong international norms for data inventoriesOrganizational identifiers – Dunn & Bradstreet should be replaced with open dataMiData – getting personal data out of corporates and government back into the hands of the peoplewhose data it is 51 http://blog.okfn.org/2011/10/23/open-data-wishlist-for-the-next-year/
  52. 52. wish list fo the next yearOpen Government Data as a RightMore Schemas (Knowledge APIs) – keep it focused, let’s not try to boil the oceanOpen Data as a Platform, Not a CommodityMassive Interconnection Between Open Data SitesOpen Corporate Data (for and by Corporates)Standards (e.g. for catalog metadata) for Data Portals and Data HubsOpen Data for Growth – making clear the the connectionStrong international norms for data inventoriesOrganizational identifiers – Dunn & Bradstreet should be replaced with open dataMiData – getting personal data out of corporates and government back into the hands of the people whose data it is 52 http://blog.okfn.org/2011/10/23/open-data-wishlist-for-the-next-year/
  53. 53. Open Data and Law (open data as right) Green → law Orange → resolution Red → proposalhttp://blog.ernestobelisario.eu/2012/03/09/mappa-delle-leggi-regionali-in-materia-di-open-data/
  54. 54. OKF support ...
  55. 55. Data „tools“Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network About the project http://ckan.org The project http://ckan.net - http://thedatahub.org The italian hub http://it.ckan.net Europe http://publicdata.eu/ World http://opendatasearch.org/ Get the data http://getthedata.org/ Under the hood – DATAPKG http://packages.python.org/datapkg/
  56. 56. OKFN initiatives http://opengovernmentdata.org/ http://opendatachallenge.org/ http://wheredoesmymoneygo.org/ http://openspending.org/ http://energy.publicdata.eu/ee/ http://publicdomainworks.net/ http://bibliographica.org/VISIT UShttp://www.okfn.org/JOIN UShttp://okfn.org/register/
  57. 57. Thanks! ThanksTwitter: napoBlog: http://de.straba.usEmail: maurizio.napolitano@okfn.orgSlide: http://slideshare.net/napoI offer positions for internship, thesis, developers ...

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