A dive into Open Data

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an introduction to open data …

an introduction to open data
lesson for the sutdents in sociology university di Trento

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  • 1. A dive into Open Data maurizio napolitano <napo@fbk.eu>
  • 2. PRESENTATION KNOWLEDGE DATA INFORMATION Why Open Data?
  • 3. Data: definition descriptions of facts reproducible without ambiguities parts of larger information or knowledge structures can be expressed and stored in digital formats Data Information Knowledge Wisdom→ → →Data Information Knowledge Wisdom→ → → http://digitalcuration.blogspot.com/2009/05/what-are-data.html
  • 4. “A piece of content or data is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and share-alike.” http://opendefinition.org/ Open Data Definition
  • 5. Data and Open Data Wildlife and plants protected Business secrets Statistical secret Privacy Military secrets AggregatedAggregated AnonymizeAnonymizedd Anything else Open DataData
  • 6. Summary http://opendatahandbook.org/it/ http://www.april.org/formats-ou verts-pour-quoi-faire weak legal aspects technological neutrality Improve the reuse Document (human/machine) Disseminate
  • 7. The pdf doesn't offer structured data XLS is a proprietary format, then creates technological constraints CSV is an open format, there are many software able to use it
  • 8. HOWTO 1/4 Transform into structured data Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza Età Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40 Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26 Cristian Consonni Via Somma 172 25 Antonella Lea Piazza Pia 1,73 35
  • 9. Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza Età Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40 Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26 Cristian Consonni Via Somma 172 25 Antonella Lea Piazza Pia 1,73 35 HOWTO 1/4 Transform into structured data
  • 10. Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza Età Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40 Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26 Cristian Consonni Via Somma 172 25 Antonella Lea Piazza Pia 1,73 35 CHECK THAT THE DATA ARE CONSISTENT HOWTO 1/4 Transform into structured data
  • 11. HOWTO 1/4 Transform into structured data Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza (cm) Età Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40 Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26 Cristian Consonni Via Somma 172 25 Antonella Lea Piazza Pia 173 35
  • 12. HOWTO 2/4 Use an open format
  • 13. HOWTO 3/4 Choose a license
  • 14. HOWTO 4/4 Publish on a catalog with enough documentation http://dati.trentino.it/dataset/trasporti-pubblici-del-trentino-formato-gtfs
  • 15. Details on the licenses
  • 16. Public Domain SHARE CREATE ADAPT PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS NOTHING http://www.publicdomainmanifesto.org/ http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
  • 17. Attribution SHARE CREATE ADAPT PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS ATTRIBUTION ODC AL – CC-BY – IODL 2.0 CC-BY ODC-AL IODL 2.0
  • 18. Share alike SHARE CREATE ADAPT PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS ATTRIBUTION SHARE ALIKE ODbL – CC-BY-SA – IODL 1.0 CC-BY-SA ODbL IODL 1.0
  • 19. Some technical questions
  • 20. 5 Open Data★ http://5stardata.info/ Tim Bernes-Lee
  • 21. http://www.opendatanow.com/2013/11/new-big-data-vs-open-data-mapping-it-out/ Open Data is a part of Open Government
  • 22. Open Government
  • 23. http://it.okfn.org/2013/05/06/il-diagramma-opengov-in-italiano/
  • 24. https://vimeo.com/29259763 Open Government – some examples
  • 25. Open Government ingredients TecnologyTecnology CommunicationCommunication LawLaw
  • 26. a formula for making this possiblea formula for making this possible http://www.linkedin.com/in/laurencemillar 1.Leadership also / primarily political 2.Crisis ex. budget cuts 3.Heroes (from government / administration) people that believe is possible, but also ready to lose 4.(Pressure from citizens)
  • 27. The revolution starts from inside
  • 28. Engagement
  • 29. Open Data!!! Yeah!!! http://www.slideshare.net/countculture/ogd-camp-2011 Chirs Taggart
  • 30. http://www.slideshare.net/countculture/ogd-camp-2011 Chirs Taggart After the party
  • 31. http://www.opendataimpacts.net/engagement/ ★ Be demand driven ★★ Provide context ★★★ Support conversation ★★★★ Build capacity & skills ★★★★★ Collaborate with the community The 5 stars of Open Data Engagement
  • 32. A Austria - ViennaAustria - Vienna http://blog.opengovpartnership.org/2013/01/austria-leading-the-open-government-implementation-model/
  • 33. The open data catalog of Vienna http://data.wien.gv.at/
  • 34. Vienna An example with the geodata
  • 35. http://www.slideshare.net/BrigitteLutz/keynote-mittheisz-cio-stadt-wien/16 Johann MITTHEISZ (CIO der Stadt Wien) Totale ore spese per 38 applicazioni circa 2.600 ore Risparmio per la città di Vienna di circa 208.000 Euro ROI viennese
  • 36. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/open-data-charter/g8-open-data-charter-and-technical-annex
  • 37. Open Data Index by countries http://index.okfn.org/
  • 38. Open Data Index for the italian cities NOTE: under development http://it-city.census.okfn.org/
  • 39. Open Data examples (by the public administration)
  • 40. Open Data Firenze (1/2) http://opendata.comune.fi.it/
  • 41. OpenData Firenze (2/2)
  • 42. http://opendata.comune.fi.it/open_bilancio/ OpenBIlancio – Comune di Firenze
  • 43. Open Data examples (by ONGs)
  • 44. http://www.openricostruzione.it/comune/finale-emilia-comune
  • 45. Open Data examples (by companies)
  • 46. Open Data: serendipity
  • 47. Change the point of view of the data http://www.mapnificent.net/pavia/ Look also “House prices” http://www.mysociety.org/2007/more-travel-maps/
  • 48. Things from OpenStreetMap data http://softcities.net
  • 49. Things from OpenStreetMap data http://www.palomarweb.com/web/prodotti/crumpled-city
  • 50. Grazie Per contatti Twitter: @napo Blog: http://de.straba.us Slide:http://slideshare.net/napo Email: napo@fbk.eu