A dive into
Open Data
maurizio napolitano <napo@fbk.eu>
PRESENTATION KNOWLEDGE
DATA INFORMATION
Why Open Data?
Data: definition
descriptions of facts
reproducible without ambiguities
parts of larger information or knowledge structure...
“A piece of content or data is open if
anyone is free to use,
reuse, and redistribute it — subject
only, at most,
to the r...
Data and Open Data
Wildlife and plants
protected
Business secrets
Statistical secret
Privacy
Military secrets
AggregatedAg...
Summary
http://opendatahandbook.org/it/
http://www.april.org/formats-ou
verts-pour-quoi-faire
weak legal aspects technolog...
The pdf doesn't offer structured
data
XLS is a proprietary format,
then creates technological
constraints
CSV is an open f...
HOWTO 1/4
Transform into structured data
Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza Età
Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40
Francesc...
Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza Età
Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40
Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26
Cristian Conso...
Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza Età
Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40
Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26
Cristian Conso...
HOWTO 1/4
Transform into structured data
Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza
(cm)
Età
Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40
Fra...
HOWTO 2/4
Use an open format
HOWTO 3/4
Choose a license
HOWTO 4/4 Publish on a catalog with
enough documentation
http://dati.trentino.it/dataset/trasporti-pubblici-del-trentino-f...
Details on the licenses
Public Domain
SHARE
CREATE ADAPT
PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS
NOTHING
http://www.publicdomainmanifesto.org/
http://creativecomm...
Attribution
SHARE
CREATE ADAPT
PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS
ATTRIBUTION
ODC AL – CC-BY – IODL 2.0
CC-BY
ODC-AL
IODL 2.0
Share alike
SHARE
CREATE ADAPT
PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS
ATTRIBUTION
SHARE ALIKE
ODbL – CC-BY-SA – IODL 1.0
CC-BY-SA
ODbL
IO...
Some technical questions
5 Open Data★
http://5stardata.info/
Tim Bernes-Lee
http://www.opendatanow.com/2013/11/new-big-data-vs-open-data-mapping-it-out/
Open Data is a part of Open Government
Open Government
http://it.okfn.org/2013/05/06/il-diagramma-opengov-in-italiano/
https://vimeo.com/29259763
Open Government – some examples
Open Government ingredients
TecnologyTecnology
CommunicationCommunication
LawLaw
a formula for making this possiblea formula for making this possible
http://www.linkedin.com/in/laurencemillar
1.Leadershi...
The revolution starts from inside
Engagement
Open Data!!! Yeah!!!
http://www.slideshare.net/countculture/ogd-camp-2011
Chirs
Taggart
http://www.slideshare.net/countculture/ogd-camp-2011
Chirs
Taggart
After the party
http://www.opendataimpacts.net/engagement/
★
Be demand driven
★★
Provide context
★★★
Support conversation
★★★★
Build capac...
A
Austria - ViennaAustria - Vienna
http://blog.opengovpartnership.org/2013/01/austria-leading-the-open-government-implemen...
The open data catalog of Vienna
http://data.wien.gv.at/
Vienna
An example with the geodata
http://www.slideshare.net/BrigitteLutz/keynote-mittheisz-cio-stadt-wien/16
Johann MITTHEISZ (CIO der Stadt Wien)
Totale or...
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/open-data-charter/g8-open-data-charter-and-technical-annex
Open Data Index by countries
http://index.okfn.org/
Open Data Index for the italian cities
NOTE: under development
http://it-city.census.okfn.org/
Open Data examples
(by the public administration)
Open Data Firenze (1/2)
http://opendata.comune.fi.it/
OpenData Firenze (2/2)
http://opendata.comune.fi.it/open_bilancio/
OpenBIlancio – Comune di Firenze
Open Data examples
(by ONGs)
http://www.openricostruzione.it/comune/finale-emilia-comune
Open Data examples
(by companies)
Open Data: serendipity
Change the point of view of the
data
http://www.mapnificent.net/pavia/
Look also “House prices” http://www.mysociety.org/2...
Things from OpenStreetMap data
http://softcities.net
Things from OpenStreetMap data
http://www.palomarweb.com/web/prodotti/crumpled-city
Grazie
Per contatti
Twitter: @napo
Blog: http://de.straba.us
Slide:http://slideshare.net/napo
Email: napo@fbk.eu
A dive into Open Data
A dive into Open Data
A dive into Open Data
A dive into Open Data
A dive into Open Data
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A dive into Open Data

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an introduction to open data
lesson for the sutdents in sociology university di Trento

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A dive into Open Data

  1. 1. A dive into Open Data maurizio napolitano <napo@fbk.eu>
  2. 2. PRESENTATION KNOWLEDGE DATA INFORMATION Why Open Data?
  3. 3. Data: definition descriptions of facts reproducible without ambiguities parts of larger information or knowledge structures can be expressed and stored in digital formats Data Information Knowledge Wisdom→ → →Data Information Knowledge Wisdom→ → → http://digitalcuration.blogspot.com/2009/05/what-are-data.html
  4. 4. “A piece of content or data is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and share-alike.” http://opendefinition.org/ Open Data Definition
  5. 5. Data and Open Data Wildlife and plants protected Business secrets Statistical secret Privacy Military secrets AggregatedAggregated AnonymizeAnonymizedd Anything else Open DataData
  6. 6. Summary http://opendatahandbook.org/it/ http://www.april.org/formats-ou verts-pour-quoi-faire weak legal aspects technological neutrality Improve the reuse Document (human/machine) Disseminate
  7. 7. The pdf doesn't offer structured data XLS is a proprietary format, then creates technological constraints CSV is an open format, there are many software able to use it
  8. 8. HOWTO 1/4 Transform into structured data Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza Età Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40 Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26 Cristian Consonni Via Somma 172 25 Antonella Lea Piazza Pia 1,73 35
  9. 9. Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza Età Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40 Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26 Cristian Consonni Via Somma 172 25 Antonella Lea Piazza Pia 1,73 35 HOWTO 1/4 Transform into structured data
  10. 10. Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza Età Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40 Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26 Cristian Consonni Via Somma 172 25 Antonella Lea Piazza Pia 1,73 35 CHECK THAT THE DATA ARE CONSISTENT HOWTO 1/4 Transform into structured data
  11. 11. HOWTO 1/4 Transform into structured data Nome Cognome Indirizzo Altezza (cm) Età Maurizio Napolitano Via Trento 180 40 Francesca Chiara Via Cavour 170 26 Cristian Consonni Via Somma 172 25 Antonella Lea Piazza Pia 173 35
  12. 12. HOWTO 2/4 Use an open format
  13. 13. HOWTO 3/4 Choose a license
  14. 14. HOWTO 4/4 Publish on a catalog with enough documentation http://dati.trentino.it/dataset/trasporti-pubblici-del-trentino-formato-gtfs
  15. 15. Details on the licenses
  16. 16. Public Domain SHARE CREATE ADAPT PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS NOTHING http://www.publicdomainmanifesto.org/ http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
  17. 17. Attribution SHARE CREATE ADAPT PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS ATTRIBUTION ODC AL – CC-BY – IODL 2.0 CC-BY ODC-AL IODL 2.0
  18. 18. Share alike SHARE CREATE ADAPT PERMISSIONS CONSTRAINTS ATTRIBUTION SHARE ALIKE ODbL – CC-BY-SA – IODL 1.0 CC-BY-SA ODbL IODL 1.0
  19. 19. Some technical questions
  20. 20. 5 Open Data★ http://5stardata.info/ Tim Bernes-Lee
  21. 21. http://www.opendatanow.com/2013/11/new-big-data-vs-open-data-mapping-it-out/ Open Data is a part of Open Government
  22. 22. Open Government
  23. 23. http://it.okfn.org/2013/05/06/il-diagramma-opengov-in-italiano/
  24. 24. https://vimeo.com/29259763 Open Government – some examples
  25. 25. Open Government ingredients TecnologyTecnology CommunicationCommunication LawLaw
  26. 26. a formula for making this possiblea formula for making this possible http://www.linkedin.com/in/laurencemillar 1.Leadership also / primarily political 2.Crisis ex. budget cuts 3.Heroes (from government / administration) people that believe is possible, but also ready to lose 4.(Pressure from citizens)
  27. 27. The revolution starts from inside
  28. 28. Engagement
  29. 29. Open Data!!! Yeah!!! http://www.slideshare.net/countculture/ogd-camp-2011 Chirs Taggart
  30. 30. http://www.slideshare.net/countculture/ogd-camp-2011 Chirs Taggart After the party
  31. 31. http://www.opendataimpacts.net/engagement/ ★ Be demand driven ★★ Provide context ★★★ Support conversation ★★★★ Build capacity & skills ★★★★★ Collaborate with the community The 5 stars of Open Data Engagement
  32. 32. A Austria - ViennaAustria - Vienna http://blog.opengovpartnership.org/2013/01/austria-leading-the-open-government-implementation-model/
  33. 33. The open data catalog of Vienna http://data.wien.gv.at/
  34. 34. Vienna An example with the geodata
  35. 35. http://www.slideshare.net/BrigitteLutz/keynote-mittheisz-cio-stadt-wien/16 Johann MITTHEISZ (CIO der Stadt Wien) Totale ore spese per 38 applicazioni circa 2.600 ore Risparmio per la città di Vienna di circa 208.000 Euro ROI viennese
  36. 36. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/open-data-charter/g8-open-data-charter-and-technical-annex
  37. 37. Open Data Index by countries http://index.okfn.org/
  38. 38. Open Data Index for the italian cities NOTE: under development http://it-city.census.okfn.org/
  39. 39. Open Data examples (by the public administration)
  40. 40. Open Data Firenze (1/2) http://opendata.comune.fi.it/
  41. 41. OpenData Firenze (2/2)
  42. 42. http://opendata.comune.fi.it/open_bilancio/ OpenBIlancio – Comune di Firenze
  43. 43. Open Data examples (by ONGs)
  44. 44. http://www.openricostruzione.it/comune/finale-emilia-comune
  45. 45. Open Data examples (by companies)
  46. 46. Open Data: serendipity
  47. 47. Change the point of view of the data http://www.mapnificent.net/pavia/ Look also “House prices” http://www.mysociety.org/2007/more-travel-maps/
  48. 48. Things from OpenStreetMap data http://softcities.net
  49. 49. Things from OpenStreetMap data http://www.palomarweb.com/web/prodotti/crumpled-city
  50. 50. Grazie Per contatti Twitter: @napo Blog: http://de.straba.us Slide:http://slideshare.net/napo Email: napo@fbk.eu
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