DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE
ACTION PLAN IN KENYA
Maurice Nyunja Otieno
National Environment ManagementAuthority...
v
v
National Circumstances
Kenya Profile
2
v
v
National Circumstances
• Kenya is highly vulnerable to climate change & climate
variability
• Adverse impacts associat...
v
v
4
Despair during extended drought conditions (1998-2000) in Kenya
v
v
Have floods become more intense and/or more frequent?
National Climate Change Respose Strategy, 2010
v
v
National circumstances
• Constitution of Kenya, 2010- elevates issues of environment
and development as human rights, ...
v
v
Climate Change Strategy & Action Plan
• Kenya National Climate Response
Strategy(NCCRS) launched in 2010
as a guide t...
v
v
NCCAP 2013-2017
• NCCAP takes adaptation and mitigation efforts to
the next stage of implementation and equips the
cou...
v
v
Stock takingMinistry Departments
Agencies(MDAs)
Initiative
Ministry of Water Environment &
Natural Resources
(water,Fo...
v
v
Action plan process (Actors/stakeholders)
Spearheaded by the GoK;
Collaboration with the Private Sector; Academia;
Civ...
v
v
Actors
v
v
Multi-disciplinary Task Forces /Technical Working
Groups(TF/TWGs)
Theme: Climate change resilient development and low ...
NCCAP Components
1. Long-term Low C climate resilient Dev Pathway
2. Enabling Policy and Regulatory Framework
3. ADAPTATIO...
v
v
Key Actions
1.Adaptation
Over 300 adaptation actions in the Adaptation
Technical Analysis Reports (ATAR);
• Clustered ...
v
v
Emission scenario analysis
Business as Usual the
Emission is likely to
increase from 59 million
(MtCO2 -102 MtCO2 e)
e...
v
v
2. Kenya’s Mitigation potential
(Indicative of potential areas for NAMA development)
25/06/2013 SMK © 2013 16
v
v
Synergy & adaptation co-benefits
sector Mitigation Abatement
MtCO₂e
Adaptation benefits
agriculture agroforestry 4.2 -...
v
v
future planning directions
-Reduce emission intensity in a growing economy
(industrialized by 2030)
-Sustainable devel...
v
v
3. Big Win opportunities in the NCCAP
Big Win opportunities that deliver both the highest
mitigation potential as well...
v
v
Towards a coherent CC Policy & Law
Enabling Legal & Policy framework
-Legal Preparedness Assessment Report(LPAR)–
Iden...
v
v
Towards coherent CC Policy cont’d
NCCAP -Key Recommendations include:
Standalone Coherent Climate Change Policy
Clim...
v
v
Key achievements
• Formulation of NCCRS and NCCAP
• Interim institutional arrangements in place(coordination)
• Mainst...
v
v
Next Steps
• Capacity building and awareness at the national &
county levels -Mainstreaming of climate change
• Climat...
v
v
Next steps….
• Enhanced coordination- Institutions &
tracking tool
• Study on climate change budget coding
• Establish...
v
v
Conclusion& Reccomendations
• Climate change is a cross-cutting issue - requires high level political
goodwill and sup...
v
v
THANK YOU
26
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Kenya - NAP Climate Change Adaptation Experiences

224 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
224
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Kenya - NAP Climate Change Adaptation Experiences

  1. 1. DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION PLAN IN KENYA Maurice Nyunja Otieno National Environment ManagementAuthority KENYA (NATIONAL ADAPTAION PLAN(NAP) – TRAINING WORKSHOP HELD AT UN –CONFERENCE CENTRE, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA –FROM 13TH -18TH APRIL 2014
  2. 2. v v National Circumstances Kenya Profile 2
  3. 3. v v National Circumstances • Kenya is highly vulnerable to climate change & climate variability • Adverse impacts associated with climate change include droughts and floods Dependence of the economy on climate sensitive sectors eg. Agriculture, Energy, Tourism Low adaptive capacities Climate change impacts estimated to cost ~2.6% of the GDP annually with budget expenditure ~ US $ 2.278 billion –climate change related 3
  4. 4. v v 4 Despair during extended drought conditions (1998-2000) in Kenya
  5. 5. v v Have floods become more intense and/or more frequent? National Climate Change Respose Strategy, 2010
  6. 6. v v National circumstances • Constitution of Kenya, 2010- elevates issues of environment and development as human rights, which effectively lays a firm foundation for climate change work. o The Constitution requires that all existing policies, laws and other instruments be aligned to it. This provides an opportunity for policy and legal reforms that will integrate climate change considerations. o Created a two tier government :National and County government:47 Counties • National Development blue print :Vision 2030 • Active in International & regional Environmental diplomacy: signed UNFCCC,UNCCD,CBD,Earth Summit ,EAC & AMCEN • Uncoordinated adaptation & mitigation programmes, projects and activities implemented by different stakeholders 6
  7. 7. v v Climate Change Strategy & Action Plan • Kenya National Climate Response Strategy(NCCRS) launched in 2010 as a guide to strengthen and focus nation wide action towards climate change adaptation and mitigation (vulnerability assessments) • National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP 2013-2017) developed and launched in 2013 to implement the NCCRS (assessments & analysis) 18 Jan 2012 MEMR © 2011
  8. 8. v v NCCAP 2013-2017 • NCCAP takes adaptation and mitigation efforts to the next stage of implementation and equips the country to take actions in responding to challenges • It supports efforts towards the continued attainment of Constitution implementation, Vision 2030, MDGs • NCCAP helps Kenya meet international obligations under UNFCCC and inline with regional policies 8
  9. 9. v v Stock takingMinistry Departments Agencies(MDAs) Initiative Ministry of Water Environment & Natural Resources (water,Forest,Wildlife,Natural Resources) -National climate Change Secretariat (Director) & staff -National Climate Change Policy -Kenya National Climate Change Action Plan -National Green growth Strategy- 2014 _Environmental Policy(Draft) -Climate change Policy(Draft) -Environment Management Coordination Act No.9 of 1999)-under review -regulatory institutions (NEMA,KFS,WRMA,KWS ) -Designated Authority(DA) &National Implementation Entity(NIE) -REDD+ readiness -NAMA listings Devotion and National Development Planning -Vision 2030- Environment & social pillar flagship projects -Medium Term Planning Framework-MTP II –budgeting process/climate mainstream - T21 planning model /climate change Indicators for performance monitoring/budgeting code -Environmental sustainability reporting /targets on climate change (Rio + 20) - Treasury -Climate change Finance Bill (draft) -climate Change Finance Policy Agriculture -Climate Change Unit(staff) -Agriculture sector climate change strategy -smart agriculture development programme -Agriculture index & crop insurance scheme - Energy -Energy Policy Revised/green Energy(solar panels for every new building) -climate change Unit -17 CDM Registrations & 20 in pipeline
  10. 10. v v Action plan process (Actors/stakeholders) Spearheaded by the GoK; Collaboration with the Private Sector; Academia; Civil Society & other stakeholders; Multi-disciplinary TF/TWGs; Support from development partners; Consultations at National & County Levels. Endorsed by Cabinet – Feb 2013. Launched in March, 2013 10
  11. 11. v v Actors
  12. 12. v v Multi-disciplinary Task Forces /Technical Working Groups(TF/TWGs) Theme: Climate change resilient development and low carbon growth 1.long term National low Carbon climate Resilient pathways 2.Enabling policy and Regulatory frameworks 3.Adaptation Analysis and prioritization 4.Mitigation and National Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) 5.National Technology Action Plan 6.National Performance and benefit measurements (MRV +) 7.Knowledge Management and Capacity building 8.Finance
  13. 13. NCCAP Components 1. Long-term Low C climate resilient Dev Pathway 2. Enabling Policy and Regulatory Framework 3. ADAPTATION 4. MITIGATION 5. National Technology Action Plan 6. National Performance & Benefit Measurement 7. Knowledge Management & Capacity Development 8. Finance ENABLERS
  14. 14. v v Key Actions 1.Adaptation Over 300 adaptation actions in the Adaptation Technical Analysis Reports (ATAR); • Clustered around the Medium Term Plan (MTP) sectors; • Actions prioritised using some agreed criteria; 12 cross-cutting and 30 sectoral actions. • On-going process to finalise the National Adaptation Plan (NAP). 14
  15. 15. v v Emission scenario analysis Business as Usual the Emission is likely to increase from 59 million (MtCO2 -102 MtCO2 e) elctricity,transport & waste & Energy increasing significantly Highest opportunities for reduction of emission forestry has the highest abatement potential ( highest adaptation co- benefits)
  16. 16. v v 2. Kenya’s Mitigation potential (Indicative of potential areas for NAMA development) 25/06/2013 SMK © 2013 16
  17. 17. v v Synergy & adaptation co-benefits sector Mitigation Abatement MtCO₂e Adaptation benefits agriculture agroforestry 4.2 -Food security -soil quality Conservation tillage 1.2 -minimise fire use -improved grazing in ASAL -drought tolerant crops Environment Water & sanitation Restoration of forest 30 -restoration of forest in degraded land -increased discharge & flow volumes
  18. 18. v v future planning directions -Reduce emission intensity in a growing economy (industrialized by 2030) -Sustainable development- poverty alleviation at center of all development - Adaptation-reduce vulnerability, risk reduction, appropriate response to climate impacts effects , coping mechanisms, improve resilience - Mitigation-deliberate action to reduce GHG emissions from BAU in economic growth and anthropogenic sources as well - Mainstreaming in Policy ,plans and programmes & Climate proofed development
  19. 19. v v 3. Big Win opportunities in the NCCAP Big Win opportunities that deliver both the highest mitigation potential as well as adaptation and building resilience include: • Geothermal power generation • Distributed clean energy solutions eg improved cook stoves, renewable lanterns etc • Climate smart agriculture and agroforestry • Improved water resource management • Restoration of forests • Climate proofed infrastructural development 19
  20. 20. v v Towards a coherent CC Policy & Law Enabling Legal & Policy framework -Legal Preparedness Assessment Report(LPAR)– Identified existing policies & Laws, gaps, barriers and opportunities for effective climate change – provides the analytical basis for strengthened and reformed to support climate response -Kenya has at least 90 national policies and laws that are relevant to climate change –no direct provisions for climate change ; Example – EMCA, Forestry, Agriculture, Energy, Drought Mgt policies, Transport, Water, etc -need for enactment of climate change Bill (draft) 20
  21. 21. v v Towards coherent CC Policy cont’d NCCAP -Key Recommendations include: Standalone Coherent Climate Change Policy Climate Change law Miscellaneous Amendments Institutional reforms Development of Climate Change Policy and legislation are key priority actions of the GoK and coordinated by the MEW&NR 21
  22. 22. v v Key achievements • Formulation of NCCRS and NCCAP • Interim institutional arrangements in place(coordination) • Mainstreaming of Climate change –MTPII • Intensification of afforestation and reafforestation programme • Promotion of climate smart agriculture • Promotion of Renewable energy development • Capacity building on MRV – establishing SLEEK • Climate innovation Centre(CIC) 22
  23. 23. v v Next Steps • Capacity building and awareness at the national & county levels -Mainstreaming of climate change • Climate Change policy & Climate change Bill - to be finalized before June, 2014 • Taking Agriculture priority actions in NCCAP forward • Finalization of NAP and alignment to GoK priorities • NAMAs preparation-Geothermal, distributed clean technologies-offgrid areas, Transport 23
  24. 24. v v Next steps…. • Enhanced coordination- Institutions & tracking tool • Study on climate change budget coding • Establishing Climate Change Fund – study climate change public finance expenditure review • Climate Change Resource Centre – 24
  25. 25. v v Conclusion& Reccomendations • Climate change is a cross-cutting issue - requires high level political goodwill and support( placement in a Powerful office-Political buy in) • Preparation of strategies & Implementation require participation of all the stakeholders within and outside Government( PPP support &strengthening of governance issues) • Clear need for Mainstreaming climate action in development planning process (sectoral & County mainstreaming therefore mainstreaming approaches & tools) • Clear high level coordination governance structure is crucial • Climate actions are expensive – collaboration, partnerships, support & investments (requires National Budgetary streams,PPP support,ODS & fudiciary standards) 25
  26. 26. v v THANK YOU 26

×