Cognitivism ppt assign1 lee


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Cognitivism ppt assign1 lee

  1. 1. Cognitivism Original PPT by S.Gibbs Added Tech portion by T.Lee
  2. 2. Cognitivism <ul><li>mid-20th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Was it possible to learn with no outward signs of changed behavior? </li></ul><ul><li>The cognitivist goes inside the learner’s head to see what mental processes were activated and changed during learning </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cognitivism <ul><li>Knowledge is viewed as symbolic mental constructs; learning involves how those constructs are committed to memory </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior may change, but only as an indication to what is going on in the learner's head </li></ul>
  4. 4. Key PLayers Key Players
  5. 5. Piaget <ul><li>Swiss biologist, psychologist </li></ul><ul><li>Jean Piaget (1896-1980) </li></ul><ul><li>Renowned for an influential model of child development </li></ul><ul><li>Piaget attested child’s structures grow more sophisticated with development and defines stages </li></ul>© 2004
  6. 6. Vygotsky <ul><li>Concepts are formed socially, then individually </li></ul><ul><li>Zone of Proximal Development </li></ul><ul><li>Culture (family, social, environmental) is the prime determinant of individual development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans are the only species to have created culture, and every child develops within that culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology has created an online cultural community among students, from connecting online w/Xbox/gaming systems to online social networks (Facebook, Myspace,etc) </li></ul></ul>© 2004
  7. 7. Key Issues Key Issues
  8. 8. How does learning occur? <ul><li>Learning is measured by what learners know, not necessarily what they do </li></ul><ul><li>The learner processes symbols and grasps the meaning of symbols </li></ul><ul><li>There may or may not be an external behavioral change due to learning </li></ul>
  9. 9. Which factors influence learning? <ul><li>Active participation </li></ul><ul><li>District Benchmarks can be taken/submitted online </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrations </li></ul><ul><li>Video tutorials of lessons/online videos </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrative examples </li></ul><ul><li>Video lessons/tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Corrective feedback </li></ul><ul><li>HOLT math HW help online gives hints to correct mistake when wrong answer chosen </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is the role of memory? <ul><li>As long as the learner has the ability to organize, categorize and retrieve information, learning is accomplished </li></ul><ul><li>Online tools such as Google Docs, Dropbox, etc helps students store and organize information </li></ul>
  11. 11. How does transfer occur? <ul><li>Information is memorized in an organized manner </li></ul><ul><li>Induction/deduction  </li></ul><ul><li>-Can be done when organizing an online database </li></ul>
  12. 12. What types of learning are best explained by this theory? <ul><li>Reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophizing </li></ul><ul><li>Problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Information processing </li></ul>
  13. 13. Strengths of Cognitivism <ul><li>The context of a learner - their history, culture, thoughts, beliefs and values - are influential in the learning process </li></ul><ul><li>With the internet, more information of culture and history can be researched and shared among communities globally </li></ul>
  14. 14. Criticisms of Cognitivism <ul><li>The learner knows a certain way to do things, but that way may not be the best, most efficient or safest way to do something in a different culture or environment </li></ul><ul><li>-Use of internet and tech tools like Google Docs can be glogally accessed </li></ul><ul><li>Word can self correct errors as well as increase efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>Excel calculates the grids thus eliminating human calculation errors </li></ul>
  15. 15. end
  16. 16. Zone of Proximal Development <ul><li>Vygotsky (1978) maintained the child follows the adult's example and gradually develops the ability to do certain tasks without assistance. He called the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance the &quot;zone of proximal development&quot; (ZPD). </li></ul>
  17. 17. ZPD What a child can do without help. Zone of Proximal Development What a teacher can teach.