Fetal Alcohol SyndromeTeaching Children with Disabilities Naomi Klockmann San Diego Christian College S
AbstractS What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)?S What are the causes of FAS?S Background on FASS Symptoms of FASS Discuss Strategies for TeachersS References
Define It…Fetal Alcohol Syndrome refers to defects in fetal development that occur in a baby when the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy S
Causes of FAS FAS is caused by the using or abusing of alcohol during pregnancy. There is no “safe” amount of alcohol usage during pregnancy Drinking during the first 3 months of pregnancy is the most harmful(WATTENDORF & MUENKE, 2005 ) When a woman drinks alcohol it passes across the placenta to the fetus (see diagram) (“Fetal alcohol syndrome”)
Physical Abnormalities Small infant size Small head circumference Small mid-face Thin and long upper lip Low, Narrow forehead Students with FAS also suffer Seizures from… Hearing Impairment Brain Damage Joint and limb irregularities Heart defects Delayed dental development Abnormal central nervous system Children with FAS often suffer from AD/HD and emotional disturbances (Nielsen , 2002, p. 86)
Strategies for TeachersS Be aware of body language! S Know warning signs for frustration, annoyance, sadness etc.S Memory and Math tasks are difficult S Make eye contact, repeat things, use short instructions and visualsS Inconsistent performers & frustration with transitions S Be prepared to spend extra time with FAS studentsS Sensory integration problems S Sensitivities can include crowds, holding hands, hugs, even certain textiles
Strategies for Teachers cont… S Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome CAN learn, they learn and develop at a different pace than normal students("BREAKING THE CYCLE: Alcoholism and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome In Native American Indians”)
Conclusion Students with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome have serious physical abnormalities which should be noticed right away Although these students are limited they are still very teachable Students with FAS enjoy structured environments, repetitive work and learn best by visualsTell me and Ill forget; show me and I mayremember; involve me and Ill understand.