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  • 1. Fetal Alcohol SyndromeTeaching Children with Disabilities Naomi Klockmann San Diego Christian College S
  • 2. AbstractS What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)?S What are the causes of FAS?S Background on FASS Symptoms of FASS Discuss Strategies for TeachersS References
  • 3. Define It…Fetal Alcohol Syndrome refers to defects in fetal development that occur in a baby when the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy S
  • 4. Causes of FAS  FAS is caused by the using or abusing of alcohol during pregnancy.  There is no “safe” amount of alcohol usage during pregnancy  Drinking during the first 3 months of pregnancy is the most harmful(WATTENDORF & MUENKE, 2005 )  When a woman drinks alcohol it passes across the placenta to the fetus (see diagram) (“Fetal alcohol syndrome”)
  • 5. Physical Abnormalities Small infant size Small head circumference Small mid-face Thin and long upper lip Low, Narrow forehead Students with FAS also suffer Seizures from… Hearing Impairment Brain Damage Joint and limb irregularities Heart defects Delayed dental development Abnormal central nervous system Children with FAS often suffer from AD/HD and emotional disturbances (Nielsen , 2002, p. 86)
  • 6. Strategies for TeachersS Be aware of body language! S Know warning signs for frustration, annoyance, sadness etc.S Memory and Math tasks are difficult S Make eye contact, repeat things, use short instructions and visualsS Inconsistent performers & frustration with transitions S Be prepared to spend extra time with FAS studentsS Sensory integration problems S Sensitivities can include crowds, holding hands, hugs, even certain textiles
  • 7. Strategies for Teachers cont… S Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome CAN learn, they learn and develop at a different pace than normal students("BREAKING THE CYCLE: Alcoholism and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome In Native American Indians”)
  • 8. Conclusion  Students with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome have serious physical abnormalities which should be noticed right away  Although these students are limited they are still very teachable  Students with FAS enjoy structured environments, repetitive work and learn best by visualsTell me and Ill forget; show me and I mayremember; involve me and Ill understand.

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