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Islam and quran

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wish to not forget me in your prayer.your Brother M.Amin

wish to not forget me in your prayer.your Brother M.Amin

Published in: Spiritual

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  • 1. Brief Overview of the Qur'an Gina Belmonte
  • 2. The Qur'an: Revealed  Only “Holy Book” or “Scriptures” of Islam – Qur'an= “recitation”  Muslims believe it to be revelations of Allah/God – through angel Gabriel – to prophet Muhammad  First revelation during Ramadan 610 CE – Surah 96: Lailat al-Qadr “night of power”  Revelations continued 23 years – Until Muhammad's death, 632 CE
  • 3. The Qur'an: Written  Muhammad memorized individual revelations – He "recited" them to his followers. – They wrote them down, during his lifetime  Qur'an not compiled until 640s CE – Under third Caliph, Uthman ibn Arran – All other versions destroyed
  • 4. Content  Qur'an contains: – Moral guidelines – Laws of God – Rules of Islamic Faith  In form of: – moral directives – legal prescriptions – exhortations – admonitions – condemnations – warnings – good tidings – words of consolation
  • 5. Language & Genre  Written in Arabic – Any translations are considered "interpretations"  Only one genre: Prophecy – Speaker is God, through angel Gabriel
  • 6. Contents & Arrangement  114 Surahs – With 3-285 Ayas each  Arranged by length – Decreasing length – Except Intro Surah 1  Same heading: – "In the name of Allah, the most Gracious, the most Merciful" – All except Surah 9  Divided into 30 Juz (blocks) – Muslims read whole Qur'an during Ramadan
  • 7. Themes in the Qur'an  Earlier Surahs (1, 6-7, 10-21, 23, 25-32, 34- 46, 50-56, 67-114) – Makkan period • Social justice, conversion, final judgment, monotheism  Later Surahs (2-5, 8-9, 22, 24, 33, 47-49, 57- 66, 98, 110, [55, 76, 99?]) – Madinan Period • Relationships within Muslim Community • Relationships with Jews and
  • 8. “People of the Book”  Ref. to members of monotheistic faiths: – Jew & Christians  Qur'an mentions many HB characters  Inter-faith marriage: – Marrying Jews or Xns allowed for Muslim men only, not women  Muslims respect these faiths, but Qur'an is thought most accurate
  • 9. Other Foundational Literature  Hadiths – Sayings & actions of Muhammad – Sunna ("custom") become guidelines for Muslim life after death of Muhammad – Compiled 9th cent. CE  Biographies of Muhammad – Various editions
  • 10. Summary  Islamic Scripture: Qur'an  Believed to be revelations of God, through Gabriel, to Muhammad  Respect for other monotheistic faiths, but Qur'an is most accurate revelation  114 Surahs, longer to shorter (except 1)  Divided into Ayahs  Originally in Arabic; Prophetic Genre  Makkah Surahs: establish Islam  Madinah Surahs: build community  Other core writings: Hadiths, Sira