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CYCLONE Damage Potential Society Poorer than before Disruption of Normal life & Development Suffers Huge Losses/ Damages Elements at Risk
HAZARD Damage Potential Awareness- Effect on Elements Society Quicker Recovery Action Plans Communities More Resilient Huge Losses/ Damages Reduced Losses Elements at Risk More Stable Society
HAZARD Damage Potential Elements at Risk Slopes of hills Sea & Sea-coast Low-lying Areas River/Stream Banks Natural Features Unsecured personal assets Livelihood tools / Equipment Public Infrastructure Agri. & Horticultural crops Weak Buildings Huts & Semi-permanent Houses People & Live-stock Societal Elements
Scale of Disaster
Is Dependent on :
Lead Time Available.
Intensity of Hazard.
Density of Population & Assets.
Time of Occurrence.
Vulnerabilities existing in the Elements at Risk.
Hazard X Vulnerability = Disaster
ELEMENTS AT RISK
Rural Housing Stock
Crops, Trees,Telephone, Electric poles
Boats, Looms, Working Implements
Electricity, Water and Food Supplies
AIMS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Reduce (Avoid, if possible) the potential losses from hazards.
Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims when necessary.
Achieve rapid and durable recovery .
DURING DISASTER DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE PRE - DISASTER Preparation Mitigation Normal Phase Emergency Phase Rehabilitation Rescue & Relief Reconstruction Integration into NDP* POST- DISASTER
Stages of Disaster Well Before Weeks-Months Just Before - Hours Actual Time Period BEFORE AFTER DURING Jan - Apr MAY June- Oct Cyclone Rescue Rehabilitation Relief Reconstruction
Role Players in Disasters
People : Individuals, House -Holds,
Gram Panchayat : Sarpanch, Panchayati
Secretary, Panchayati Members
Village Elders : Caste/Community/Religious
Leaders, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers,
Retired Army & Police Personnel
Govt. Deptl. Officers : Agriculture, Medical,
Engineers (Housing, Roads & Buildings,
Irrigation) Revenue Department, Public
Health, Police etc. NGOs
DEFINITIONS OF “VULNERABILITY”
“ The extent to which a community, structure, service or geographic area is likely to be damaged or disrupted by the impact of particular disaster hazard…”
“ Vulnerability is the propensity of things to be damaged by a hazard”.
Disaster preparedness aims at minimizing the adverse effects of a hazard -
Through effective precautionary actions
Ensure timely, appropriate and efficient organisation and delivery of emergency response following the impact of a disaster .
Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping to include Resources.
Assess strengthening requirements and execute .
Funding for preparedness must be arranged.
Peoples’ cooperation through Political leaders, elders, Volunteers and NGOs
Create lead time by interpreting Warnings
Plan to include movement of resources with time frame.
Aim to reduce the destructive potential of cyclones, timely & appropriate relief to victims and quick & durable recovery
Disaster Preparedness Framework Rehearsals Public Education and Training Response Mechanisms Warning Systems Resource Base Information System Institutional Framework Planning Vulnerability Assessment COMPONENTS OF PREPAREDNESS
Disaster Response Activities
Search and Rescue
Logistics and Supply
Communication and information Management
Survivor Response and coping
EOC & coordination
Expedite rehabilitation and reconstruction.
Floods and Water Hazards
Elements at Risk
Everything in the flood plain.
Earthen or soluble structures
Buried services and utilities
Crops and livestock
Main Mitigation Strategies .
Land use control
Engineering of strictures
Elevation of structures
Flood control structures
Reforestation projects (watershed management)
Elements at Risk
Elevated utilities (Power and communication lines)