Disaster management overview
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  • If you look at the right half of the slide you will find that the damage potential in the hazard causes the damages to the society Life comes to a halt and the poorer sections of the society can never recover to the pre-disaster causes serious disruption to life of the society But with awareness and preparation through action plans the society suffers less damages and is thus a more stable society.to recover faster.
  • If you look at the right half of the slide you will find that the damage potential in the hazard causes the damages to the society Life comes to a halt and the poorer sections of the society can never recover to the pre-disaster causes serious disruption to life of the society But with awareness and preparation through action plans the society suffers less damages and is thus a more stable society.to recover faster.
  • If you look at the right half of the slide you will find that the damage potential in the hazard causes the damages to the society Life comes to a halt and the poorer sections of the society can never recover to the pre-disaster causes serious disruption to life of the society But with awareness and preparation through action plans the society suffers less damages and is thus a more stable society.to recover faster.

Transcript

  • 1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT AN OVERVIEW
    • BY
    • N@NDEESH L@XETTI
    • XC20
  • 2. CYCLONE Damage Potential Society Poorer than before Disruption of Normal life & Development Suffers Huge Losses/ Damages Elements at Risk
  • 3. HAZARD Damage Potential Awareness- Effect on Elements Society Quicker Recovery Action Plans Communities More Resilient Huge Losses/ Damages Reduced Losses Elements at Risk More Stable Society
  • 4. HAZARD Damage Potential Elements at Risk Slopes of hills Sea & Sea-coast Low-lying Areas River/Stream Banks Natural Features Unsecured personal assets Livelihood tools / Equipment Public Infrastructure Agri. & Horticultural crops Weak Buildings Huts & Semi-permanent Houses People & Live-stock Societal Elements
  • 5. Scale of Disaster
    • Is Dependent on :
    • Lead Time Available.
    • Intensity of Hazard.
    • Duration.
    • Spatial Extent.
    • Density of Population & Assets.
    • Time of Occurrence.
    • Vulnerabilities existing in the Elements at Risk.
    • Hazard X Vulnerability = Disaster
  • 6. ELEMENTS AT RISK
    • People
    • Livestock
    • Rural Housing Stock
    • Houses Vulnerable
    • Crops, Trees,Telephone, Electric poles
    • Boats, Looms, Working Implements
    • Personal Property
    • Electricity, Water and Food Supplies
    • Infrastructure Support
  • 7. AIMS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
    • Reduce (Avoid, if possible) the potential losses from hazards.
    • Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims when necessary.
    • Achieve rapid and durable recovery .
  • 8.       DURING DISASTER DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE PRE - DISASTER Preparation Mitigation Normal Phase Emergency Phase Rehabilitation Rescue & Relief Reconstruction Integration into NDP*                                     POST- DISASTER
  • 9. Stages of Disaster Well Before Weeks-Months Just Before - Hours Actual Time Period BEFORE AFTER DURING Jan - Apr MAY June- Oct Cyclone Rescue Rehabilitation Relief Reconstruction
  • 10. Role Players in Disasters
    • People : Individuals, House -Holds,
    • Volunteers
    • Gram Panchayat : Sarpanch, Panchayati
    • Secretary, Panchayati Members
    • Village Elders : Caste/Community/Religious
    • Leaders, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers,
    • Retired Army & Police Personnel
    • Govt. Deptl. Officers : Agriculture, Medical,
    • Engineers (Housing, Roads & Buildings,
    • Irrigation) Revenue Department, Public
    • Health, Police etc. NGOs
  • 11. DEFINITIONS OF “VULNERABILITY”
    • “ The extent to which a community, structure, service or geographic area is likely to be damaged or disrupted by the impact of particular disaster hazard…”
    • “ Vulnerability is the propensity of things to be damaged by a hazard”.
  • 12. DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
    • Disaster preparedness aims at minimizing the adverse effects of a hazard -
    • Through effective precautionary actions
    • Ensure timely, appropriate and efficient organisation and delivery of emergency response following the impact of a disaster .
  • 13. PREPAREDNESS
    • Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping to include Resources.
    • Assess strengthening requirements and execute .
    • Funding for preparedness must be arranged.
    • Peoples’ cooperation through Political leaders, elders, Volunteers and NGOs
    • Create lead time by interpreting Warnings
    • Plan to include movement of resources with time frame.
    • Aim to reduce the destructive potential of cyclones, timely & appropriate relief to victims and quick & durable recovery
  • 14. Disaster Preparedness Framework Rehearsals Public Education and Training Response Mechanisms Warning Systems Resource Base Information System Institutional Framework Planning Vulnerability Assessment COMPONENTS OF PREPAREDNESS
  • 15. Disaster Response Activities
    • Warning
    • Evacuation/Mitigation
    • Search and Rescue
    • Assessment
    • Emergency Relief
    • Logistics and Supply
    • Communication and information Management
    • Survivor Response and coping
    • Security
    • EOC & coordination
    • Expedite rehabilitation and reconstruction.
  • 16. Floods and Water Hazards
    • Elements at Risk
    • Everything in the flood plain.
    • Earthen or soluble structures
    • Buried services and utilities
    • Food stores
    • Crops and livestock
    • Main Mitigation Strategies .
    • Land use control
    • Engineering of strictures
    • Elevation of structures
    • Flood control structures
    • Reforestation projects (watershed management)
  • 17. Strong Winds
    • Elements at Risk
    • Lightweight structures.
    • Elevated utilities (Power and communication lines)
    • Fishing boats and other maritime industries.
    • Main Mitigation Strategies.
    • Structural engineering measures.
    • Planting of windbreaks.