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DISASTER  MANAGEMENT  AN OVERVIEW <ul><li>BY  </li></ul><ul><li>N@NDEESH L@XETTI </li></ul><ul><li>XC20 </li></ul>
CYCLONE Damage  Potential Society Poorer than  before Disruption of Normal life & Development Suffers Huge Losses/ Damages...
HAZARD Damage  Potential Awareness- Effect  on Elements Society Quicker  Recovery Action Plans   Communities  More Resilie...
HAZARD Damage  Potential Elements at Risk Slopes of hills Sea & Sea-coast Low-lying Areas River/Stream Banks Natural Featu...
Scale of Disaster <ul><li>Is Dependent on : </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Time Available. </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity of Hazard. ...
ELEMENTS AT RISK <ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Housing Stock </li></ul><ul><li>Houses...
AIMS  OF  DISASTER  MANAGEMENT <ul><li>Reduce (Avoid, if possible) the potential losses from hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>As...
      DURING  DISASTER DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE PRE - DISASTER Preparation Mitigation Normal Phase Emergency Phase Rehabi...
Stages of Disaster Well Before  Weeks-Months Just Before - Hours  Actual Time Period  BEFORE  AFTER DURING Jan - Apr  MAY ...
Role Players in Disasters <ul><li>People  : Individuals, House -Holds,  </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Gra...
DEFINITIONS OF “VULNERABILITY” <ul><li>“ The extent to which a community, structure, service or geographic area is likely ...
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS <ul><li>Disaster preparedness aims at  minimizing the adverse effects of a hazard - </li></ul><ul><l...
PREPAREDNESS <ul><li>Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping to include Resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Assess strengthening requi...
Disaster Preparedness Framework Rehearsals  Public Education and Training Response Mechanisms Warning Systems Resource Bas...
Disaster Response Activities <ul><li>Warning  </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation/Mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Search and Rescue ...
Floods and Water Hazards <ul><li>Elements at Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Everything in the flood plain. </li></ul><ul><li>Earth...
Strong Winds <ul><li>Elements at Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Lightweight structures. </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated utilities (Powe...
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Disaster management overview

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  • If you look at the right half of the slide you will find that the damage potential in the hazard causes the damages to the society Life comes to a halt and the poorer sections of the society can never recover to the pre-disaster causes serious disruption to life of the society But with awareness and preparation through action plans the society suffers less damages and is thus a more stable society.to recover faster.
  • If you look at the right half of the slide you will find that the damage potential in the hazard causes the damages to the society Life comes to a halt and the poorer sections of the society can never recover to the pre-disaster causes serious disruption to life of the society But with awareness and preparation through action plans the society suffers less damages and is thus a more stable society.to recover faster.
  • If you look at the right half of the slide you will find that the damage potential in the hazard causes the damages to the society Life comes to a halt and the poorer sections of the society can never recover to the pre-disaster causes serious disruption to life of the society But with awareness and preparation through action plans the society suffers less damages and is thus a more stable society.to recover faster.
  • Transcript of "Disaster management overview"

    1. 1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT AN OVERVIEW <ul><li>BY </li></ul><ul><li>N@NDEESH L@XETTI </li></ul><ul><li>XC20 </li></ul>
    2. 2. CYCLONE Damage Potential Society Poorer than before Disruption of Normal life & Development Suffers Huge Losses/ Damages Elements at Risk
    3. 3. HAZARD Damage Potential Awareness- Effect on Elements Society Quicker Recovery Action Plans Communities More Resilient Huge Losses/ Damages Reduced Losses Elements at Risk More Stable Society
    4. 4. HAZARD Damage Potential Elements at Risk Slopes of hills Sea & Sea-coast Low-lying Areas River/Stream Banks Natural Features Unsecured personal assets Livelihood tools / Equipment Public Infrastructure Agri. & Horticultural crops Weak Buildings Huts & Semi-permanent Houses People & Live-stock Societal Elements
    5. 5. Scale of Disaster <ul><li>Is Dependent on : </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Time Available. </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity of Hazard. </li></ul><ul><li>Duration. </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial Extent. </li></ul><ul><li>Density of Population & Assets. </li></ul><ul><li>Time of Occurrence. </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerabilities existing in the Elements at Risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard X Vulnerability = Disaster </li></ul>
    6. 6. ELEMENTS AT RISK <ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Housing Stock </li></ul><ul><li>Houses Vulnerable </li></ul><ul><li>Crops, Trees,Telephone, Electric poles </li></ul><ul><li>Boats, Looms, Working Implements </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Property </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity, Water and Food Supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Support </li></ul>
    7. 7. AIMS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT <ul><li>Reduce (Avoid, if possible) the potential losses from hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims when necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve rapid and durable recovery . </li></ul>
    8. 8.       DURING DISASTER DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE PRE - DISASTER Preparation Mitigation Normal Phase Emergency Phase Rehabilitation Rescue & Relief Reconstruction Integration into NDP*                                     POST- DISASTER
    9. 9. Stages of Disaster Well Before Weeks-Months Just Before - Hours Actual Time Period BEFORE AFTER DURING Jan - Apr MAY June- Oct Cyclone Rescue Rehabilitation Relief Reconstruction
    10. 10. Role Players in Disasters <ul><li>People : Individuals, House -Holds, </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Gram Panchayat : Sarpanch, Panchayati </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary, Panchayati Members </li></ul><ul><li>Village Elders : Caste/Community/Religious </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers, </li></ul><ul><li>Retired Army & Police Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. Deptl. Officers : Agriculture, Medical, </li></ul><ul><li>Engineers (Housing, Roads & Buildings, </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation) Revenue Department, Public </li></ul><ul><li>Health, Police etc. NGOs </li></ul>
    11. 11. DEFINITIONS OF “VULNERABILITY” <ul><li>“ The extent to which a community, structure, service or geographic area is likely to be damaged or disrupted by the impact of particular disaster hazard…” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vulnerability is the propensity of things to be damaged by a hazard”. </li></ul>
    12. 12. DISASTER PREPAREDNESS <ul><li>Disaster preparedness aims at minimizing the adverse effects of a hazard - </li></ul><ul><li>Through effective precautionary actions </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure timely, appropriate and efficient organisation and delivery of emergency response following the impact of a disaster . </li></ul>
    13. 13. PREPAREDNESS <ul><li>Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping to include Resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Assess strengthening requirements and execute . </li></ul><ul><li>Funding for preparedness must be arranged. </li></ul><ul><li>Peoples’ cooperation through Political leaders, elders, Volunteers and NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Create lead time by interpreting Warnings </li></ul><ul><li>Plan to include movement of resources with time frame. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim to reduce the destructive potential of cyclones, timely & appropriate relief to victims and quick & durable recovery </li></ul>
    14. 14. Disaster Preparedness Framework Rehearsals Public Education and Training Response Mechanisms Warning Systems Resource Base Information System Institutional Framework Planning Vulnerability Assessment COMPONENTS OF PREPAREDNESS
    15. 15. Disaster Response Activities <ul><li>Warning </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation/Mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Search and Rescue </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Logistics and Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and information Management </li></ul><ul><li>Survivor Response and coping </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>EOC & coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Expedite rehabilitation and reconstruction. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Floods and Water Hazards <ul><li>Elements at Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Everything in the flood plain. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthen or soluble structures </li></ul><ul><li>Buried services and utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Food stores </li></ul><ul><li>Crops and livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Main Mitigation Strategies . </li></ul><ul><li>Land use control </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering of strictures </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation of structures </li></ul><ul><li>Flood control structures </li></ul><ul><li>Reforestation projects (watershed management) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Strong Winds <ul><li>Elements at Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Lightweight structures. </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated utilities (Power and communication lines) </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing boats and other maritime industries. </li></ul><ul><li>Main Mitigation Strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>Structural engineering measures. </li></ul><ul><li>Planting of windbreaks. </li></ul>
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