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Disaster management overview

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  • If you look at the right half of the slide you will find that the damage potential in the hazard causes the damages to the society Life comes to a halt and the poorer sections of the society can never recover to the pre-disaster causes serious disruption to life of the society But with awareness and preparation through action plans the society suffers less damages and is thus a more stable society.to recover faster.
  • If you look at the right half of the slide you will find that the damage potential in the hazard causes the damages to the society Life comes to a halt and the poorer sections of the society can never recover to the pre-disaster causes serious disruption to life of the society But with awareness and preparation through action plans the society suffers less damages and is thus a more stable society.to recover faster.
  • If you look at the right half of the slide you will find that the damage potential in the hazard causes the damages to the society Life comes to a halt and the poorer sections of the society can never recover to the pre-disaster causes serious disruption to life of the society But with awareness and preparation through action plans the society suffers less damages and is thus a more stable society.to recover faster.
  • Transcript

    • 1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT AN OVERVIEW
      • BY
      • N@NDEESH L@XETTI
      • XC20
    • 2. CYCLONE Damage Potential Society Poorer than before Disruption of Normal life & Development Suffers Huge Losses/ Damages Elements at Risk
    • 3. HAZARD Damage Potential Awareness- Effect on Elements Society Quicker Recovery Action Plans Communities More Resilient Huge Losses/ Damages Reduced Losses Elements at Risk More Stable Society
    • 4. HAZARD Damage Potential Elements at Risk Slopes of hills Sea & Sea-coast Low-lying Areas River/Stream Banks Natural Features Unsecured personal assets Livelihood tools / Equipment Public Infrastructure Agri. & Horticultural crops Weak Buildings Huts & Semi-permanent Houses People & Live-stock Societal Elements
    • 5. Scale of Disaster
      • Is Dependent on :
      • Lead Time Available.
      • Intensity of Hazard.
      • Duration.
      • Spatial Extent.
      • Density of Population & Assets.
      • Time of Occurrence.
      • Vulnerabilities existing in the Elements at Risk.
      • Hazard X Vulnerability = Disaster
    • 6. ELEMENTS AT RISK
      • People
      • Livestock
      • Rural Housing Stock
      • Houses Vulnerable
      • Crops, Trees,Telephone, Electric poles
      • Boats, Looms, Working Implements
      • Personal Property
      • Electricity, Water and Food Supplies
      • Infrastructure Support
    • 7. AIMS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
      • Reduce (Avoid, if possible) the potential losses from hazards.
      • Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims when necessary.
      • Achieve rapid and durable recovery .
    • 8.       DURING DISASTER DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE PRE - DISASTER Preparation Mitigation Normal Phase Emergency Phase Rehabilitation Rescue & Relief Reconstruction Integration into NDP*                                     POST- DISASTER
    • 9. Stages of Disaster Well Before Weeks-Months Just Before - Hours Actual Time Period BEFORE AFTER DURING Jan - Apr MAY June- Oct Cyclone Rescue Rehabilitation Relief Reconstruction
    • 10. Role Players in Disasters
      • People : Individuals, House -Holds,
      • Volunteers
      • Gram Panchayat : Sarpanch, Panchayati
      • Secretary, Panchayati Members
      • Village Elders : Caste/Community/Religious
      • Leaders, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers,
      • Retired Army & Police Personnel
      • Govt. Deptl. Officers : Agriculture, Medical,
      • Engineers (Housing, Roads & Buildings,
      • Irrigation) Revenue Department, Public
      • Health, Police etc. NGOs
    • 11. DEFINITIONS OF “VULNERABILITY”
      • “ The extent to which a community, structure, service or geographic area is likely to be damaged or disrupted by the impact of particular disaster hazard…”
      • “ Vulnerability is the propensity of things to be damaged by a hazard”.
    • 12. DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
      • Disaster preparedness aims at minimizing the adverse effects of a hazard -
      • Through effective precautionary actions
      • Ensure timely, appropriate and efficient organisation and delivery of emergency response following the impact of a disaster .
    • 13. PREPAREDNESS
      • Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping to include Resources.
      • Assess strengthening requirements and execute .
      • Funding for preparedness must be arranged.
      • Peoples’ cooperation through Political leaders, elders, Volunteers and NGOs
      • Create lead time by interpreting Warnings
      • Plan to include movement of resources with time frame.
      • Aim to reduce the destructive potential of cyclones, timely & appropriate relief to victims and quick & durable recovery
    • 14. Disaster Preparedness Framework Rehearsals Public Education and Training Response Mechanisms Warning Systems Resource Base Information System Institutional Framework Planning Vulnerability Assessment COMPONENTS OF PREPAREDNESS
    • 15. Disaster Response Activities
      • Warning
      • Evacuation/Mitigation
      • Search and Rescue
      • Assessment
      • Emergency Relief
      • Logistics and Supply
      • Communication and information Management
      • Survivor Response and coping
      • Security
      • EOC & coordination
      • Expedite rehabilitation and reconstruction.
    • 16. Floods and Water Hazards
      • Elements at Risk
      • Everything in the flood plain.
      • Earthen or soluble structures
      • Buried services and utilities
      • Food stores
      • Crops and livestock
      • Main Mitigation Strategies .
      • Land use control
      • Engineering of strictures
      • Elevation of structures
      • Flood control structures
      • Reforestation projects (watershed management)
    • 17. Strong Winds
      • Elements at Risk
      • Lightweight structures.
      • Elevated utilities (Power and communication lines)
      • Fishing boats and other maritime industries.
      • Main Mitigation Strategies.
      • Structural engineering measures.
      • Planting of windbreaks.

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