ClothingClothing refers to any covering for the human body. The wearing ofclothing is exclusively a human characteristic and is a feature ofmost human societies. The amount and type of clothing worndepends on functional considerations (such as a need for warmth orprotection from the elements) and social considerations. In somesituations the minimum amount of clothing (i.e. covering of apersons genitals) may be socially acceptable, while in others muchmore clothing is expected.The primary purpose of clothing is functional, as a protection fromthe elements. Clothes also enhance safety during hazardous activitiessuch as hiking and cooking, by providing a barrier between the skinand the environment. Further, clothes provide a hygienic barrier,keeping toxins away from the body and limiting the transmissionof germs.Clothing performs a range of social and cultural functions, such asindividual, occupational and sexual differentiation, and socialstatus. A uniform, for example, may identify civil authorityfigures, such as police and military personnel, or it may identifyteam, group or political affiliations. In many societies, normsabout clothing reflect standards of modesty, religion, gender,and social status. Clothing may also function as a form ofadornment and an expression of personal taste or style.
Clothing can and has in history been made from a very wide varietyof materials. Materials have ranged from leather and furs, to wovenmaterials, to elaborate and exotic natural and synthetic fabrics.Not all body coverings are regarded as clothing. Articles carriedrather than worn (such as purses), worn on a single part of the bodyand easily removed (scarves), worn purely for adornment (jewelry),or those that serve a function other than protection (eyeglasses), arenormally considered accessories rather than clothing, as arefootwear and hats.Clothing Styles1. PUNK – Punk fashion is the clothing, hairstyles, cosmetics, jewelry,and body modifications of the punk subculture. Punk fashion varies widely,ranging from Vivienne Westwood designs to styles modeled on bandslike The Exploited. The distinct social dress of other subcultures and artmovements, including rock, skinheads, rude boys, greasers, and moods haveinfluenced punk fashion. Punk fashion has likewise influenced the styles ofthese groups, as well as those of popular culture. Many punks use clothing asa way of making a statement. Punk fashion has been extremelycommercialized at various times, and many well-established fashiondesigners — such as Vivienne Westwood and Jean Paul Gaultier — haveused punk elements in their production. Punk clothing, which was initiallyhandmade, became mass produced and sold in record stores and some smallerspecialty clothing stores by the 1980s. Many fashion magazines andother glamour-oriented media have featured classic punk hairstyles andpunk-influenced clothing. These have caused controversy, as many punksview it as having sold out.
2. INDIE - The indie design movement is made up of independent designers, artists and craftspeople who design and make a wide array of products without being part of large, industrialized businesses. They are supported by a growing number of indie shoppers who are seeking niche and often handmade products as opposed to those mass-produced by corporations. Such products may include jewelers and other accessories, ceramics, clothing, glass, metalwork, furniture, cosmetics, a rt and much more. Indie designers often sell their items directly to buyers by way of their own online shops, craft fairs, street markets and a variety of online marketplaces, such as Etsy. However, they may also engage in consignment and/or wholesale relationships with retail outlets, both online and offline. 3. SUIT - In clothing, a suit is a set of garments made from the same cloth, consisting of at least a jacket and trousers. Lounge suits are the most common style of Western suit, originating in the United Kingdom as country wear. Other types of suit still worn today are the dinner suit, part of black tie, which arose as a lounging alternative to dress coats in much the same way as the day lounge suit came to replace frock coats and morning coats; and, rarely worn today, the morning. This article discusses the lounge suit (including business suits), elements of informal dress code. The variations in design, cut, and cloth, such as two- and three- piece, or single- and double- breasted, determine the social and work suitability of the garment. Often, suits are worn, as is traditional, with a collared shirt and necktie. Until around the 1960s, as with all mens clothes, a hat would have been also worn when the wearer was outdoors. Suits also come with different numbers of pieces: a two-piece suit has a jacket and the trousers; a three piece adds a waistcoat; further pieces might include a matching flat cap. Originally, as with most clothes, a tailor made the suit from his clients selected cloth; these are now often known as bespoke suits. The suit was custom made to the measurements, taste, and style of the man. Since the Industrial Revolution, most suits are mass- produced, and, as such, are sold as ready-to-wear garments (though
alteration by a tailor prior to wearing is common). Currently, suits are sold in roughly three ways:4. 1980s CLOTHING STYLES- While in the 1970s, the silhouette of fashion tended to be characterized by close fitting clothes on top with wider, looser clothes on the bottom, this trend completely reversed itself in the early 1980s as both men and women began to wear looser shirts and tight, close-fitting pants. Men wore power suits as a result of the greater tendency for people to display their wealth. Brand names became increasingly important in this decade, making Ralph Lauren and Calvin Klein household names. During the Like A Virgin era, Madonna was titled the "Material Girl" and so many young girls around the world looked to her for fashion statements. The popular 1983 movie Flashdance made ripped sweatshirts well-known in the general public. The television shows Dallas and, in particular, Dynasty also had a similar impact, especially in the area of the increasingly oversized shoulder pads. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, the New Romantic music and fashion movement exerted a strong influence over the clothing worn by both males and females in the early years of the decade. WOMEN CLOTHING STYLES IN INDIA - Women Clothing in India varies widely and is closely related to local culture, religion and climate.Traditional Indian clothing for women are the saris or the salwar kameez and also Ghaghra Cholis (Lehengas). For men, traditional clothes are the Dhoti, Lungi or Kurta.Saris are graceful elegant clothing ones made out of silk are the most elegant and lots of people love them and have cupboards full of highly pretty silk saris. Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, is one of Indias fashion capitals. In some village parts of India, traditional clothing mostly will be worn. In southern India the men wear long, white sheets of cloth called dhoti in north Indian languages like Hindi, Marathi and Oriya and veshti in Tamil. Over the dhoti, men wear shirts, t-shirts, or anything else. Women wear a sari, a long sheet of colourful cloth with patterns. This is draped over a simple or fancy blouse. This is worn by young ladies and woman. Little girls wear a pavada. A pavada is a long skirt worn under a blouse. Both are often daily patterned. Bindi is part of the womens make-up.Indo-western clothing is the fusion
of Western and Subcontinental fashion. Churidar, Dupatta, Gamchha,Kurta, Mundum Neriyathum,Sherwani are among other clothes. Thetraditional style of clothing in India varies with male or female distinctions.This is still followed in the rural areas, though is changing in the urbanareas. Girls before puberty wear a long skirt (called langa/paawada inAndhra) and a short blouse, called a choli, on top of it. Teenage girls wearhalf-sarees, a three piece set consisting of a langa, a choli and a stolewrapped over it like a saree. Women usually wear full sarees.A saree or sari is a female garment in the Indian subcontinent.  A sari is astrip of unstitched cloth, ranging from four to nine metres in length that isdraped over the body in various styles. There are various traditional style ofSharee like Sambalpuri Saree from East, Kanchipuram fromsouth, Paithani from West and Banarasi from Noth. The most common styleis for the sari to be wrapped around the waist, with one end then drapedover the shoulder baring the midriff.  The sari is usually worn overa petticoat (ghagra has short sleeves and a low neck and is usually cropped,and as such is particularly well-suited for wear in the sultry South Asiansummers. Cholis may be "backless" or of a halter neck style. These are usuallymore dressy with a lot of embellishments such as mirrors or embroidery andmay be worn on special occasions. Women in the armed forces, when wearinga sari uniform, don a half-sleeve shirt tucked in at the waist. The shalwarkameez is the most popular traditional dress for females. It consists of loosetrousers (the shalwar) topped by a long loose shirt (the kameez). It is oftenmispronounced as "punjabi suit" or simply "shalwar" / "churidaar" in SouthernIndia. It was introduced by the Muslims and originates from the Islamic eraor old Iranian culture. It is very common in Pakistan and Afghanistan. It isalways worn with a scarf called a dupatta, which is used to cover the headand drawn over the busom. This dress is worn by almost every teenage girl inlieu of western clothes. The salwar kameez is most common in thenorthwestern part of India. Many actresses wear the Shalwar Kameezin Bollywood movies.The women of Rajasthan and Gujarat often wearcolorful swirling skirts called lehenga, paired with a short bodice called acholi. If they must cover their heads, they do so with brightveils calledodhani. Popular among unmarried women other than salwar kameezare Gagra choli and Langa oni.
SOCIAL SCIENCE AUTUMN BREAK HOMEWORKTOPIC - DIFFERENT CLOTHING STYLES MADE BY- NANDEESH LAXETTI CLASS – IX 2010-2011