Leadership

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Leadership is the quality which enables people to lead others to achieve some tasks which otherwise they would never have even attempted.
Leaders inspire people to achieve great success in life.

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Leadership

  1. 1. N.G.Palit Leadership
  2. 2. Leadership
  3. 3. What is Leadership ?
  4. 4. Leadership • Leadership is ”the ability to get extraordinary things done --- by ordinary people”.
  5. 5. Leadership • Leading People Influencing People Commanding People Guiding people
  6. 6. Leadership
  7. 7. Who is a Leader? A leader is a person others opt to follow to a place they would not have gone by themselves. - BarkerBarker
  8. 8. The Meaning of Leadership
  9. 9. Qualities of a Leader • The Three Broad Heads are: 1. Personal Traits 2. Knowledge & Ability 3. Skills
  10. 10. Leadership Attributes
  11. 11. Leadership Qualities • ”Leadership is the activity of influencing people to strive willingly for group objectives”. - Georgy R Terry
  12. 12. Leaders As Role Models • Team members copy and imbibe some of the qualities of their leader. • Teams look up to their leaders very much like a child looks upto parents.
  13. 13. Leaders As Catalysts • The presence of leader increases the speed of the reactions and responses, without personally getting involved in the activities performed.
  14. 14. Leaders Create Confidence • Leaders provide firmness, courage and self-cofidence in people through encouragement and positive feedback.
  15. 15. Effective Leadership • Essential Factors for effective leadership are: • 1. Set crystal clear Goals • 2. Select people carefully to attain the Goal. • 3. Use good interpersonal skills with encouraging communication to motivate.
  16. 16. Characteristics of a Leader
  17. 17. Top Leadership Traits 1. Flexibility of mind 2. Human Relations 3. Imagination & Clarity of Thoughts. 4. Enthusiasm & Drive 5. Faith in himself 6. Mental & Physical energy. 7. Tact & Humour
  18. 18. Good Interpersonal Skills • Good Interpersonal skills is the key to getting along well with people. • This is an art mastered by all successful leaders.
  19. 19. Intelligence • Knowledgable, smart, well Informed and wise are the leaders who WIN !
  20. 20. Coaching * ”Coaching i s’nt an addition to a leader’s job. It is an integral part of it” --- George. S. Odiron * It improves the productivity of team members
  21. 21. Counselling Ability • Leaders need to have good counselling ability to improve team members attitude towards Goal attainment.
  22. 22. Technical Competance • The ability to Plan, Organize, Delegate, Analyze and take decision. • Abilty to Coordinate and Control the group activities.
  23. 23. Problem Solving & Decision Making Skills • Quick, Effective, result oriented and correct decisions lead to SUCCESS
  24. 24. Communication Skills • Listen more, talk less, use positive Body Language, smile, Praise loudly, Blame softly.
  25. 25. Objectivity • Leaders never lose sight of their goals, even against all odds.
  26. 26. Ten Functions of Leadership • 1. LEAD Leaders propel team members towards attaining Goals
  27. 27. 2. Motivate • Leaders assure and propel their teams and themselves to achieve set goals.
  28. 28. 3. Control • Leaders govern, regulate, command and manage their teams towards goal attainment.
  29. 29. 4. Stimulate • Leaders excite, urge, provoke and charge the team. • Leaders stimulate them to go all out, towards goal attainment.
  30. 30. 5. Assert • Leaders uphold, affirm, • and emphasise the objectives set.
  31. 31. 6.Goal Setting for the team * Setting goal & clarifying. * Making Plan. * Defining the task. * Allocating work & resources.
  32. 32. 7. Communicates Information • Guiding & Controlling through communication • Ensuring proper communication with the group. • Regular evaluation & sharing information.
  33. 33. 8.Builds Effective Team • Builds a strong Team spirit
  34. 34. 9. Conflict Solving • Effectively handles conflicts among Team members.
  35. 35. 10. Leads his Team to Success • Improving both Task achievement and Job satisfaction
  36. 36. Leadership Styles
  37. 37. Structural Vs Situational Leadership • 1. The Bison Herd Model. • 2. The Bird Model
  38. 38. The Bison Herd Model Early settlers immobilized bison herds by seeking out and killing the alpha male! Organizations led by leadership based on permanent precedence are vulnerable.
  39. 39. The Bird Model
  40. 40. The Bird Model • Migratory birds are good example of both situational leadership and outstanding followership. • As they fly, they keep changing the lead , yet reach their destination.
  41. 41. Leadership Styles • Leadership Style depends upon: 1. The situation (Appropriate for the situation) 2. Leader’s personality. 3. Team members’ maturity level & needs.
  42. 42. The Management & Leadership Styles • All leaders have two important priorities and these are: 1. The Task & 2. The People to perform the task
  43. 43. Classification of Leadership Styles 1. TASK ORIENTED: • Also called work centered leadership. • Leader shows greater concern for work than the workers. • Uses maximum authority , direction and controll.
  44. 44. Classification of Leadership • 2. PEOPLE ORIENTED: • Leader shows greater concern for his people than the task (work) • Democratic in controll & decision making.
  45. 45. Another Type of Classification 1. AUTOCRATIC: • Leader dictates what he wants. • Is strict. • Doesn’t delegate authority. • Is a one-man show.
  46. 46. Types of Classification 2. PERSUASIVE: • Sells his ideas, • Using moral and enthusiasm of members 3. CONSULTATIVE: • Discusses with team members. • Then, takes his decision himself.
  47. 47. Types of Classification 4. DEMOCRATIC: • Involves team members in discussion & also in decision-making.
  48. 48. Another Type of Classification 1. DIRECTING: • Leader instructs. • Then, closely supervises task accomplishment
  49. 49. Another Type of Classification 2. COACHING: • The leader continues to direct and closely supervises. • But, also explains decisions. • Solicits suggestions. • Supports progress.
  50. 50. Types of Classification 3. SUPPORTING: • Facilitates and supports task accomplishment. • Shares responsibility for decision making and problem solving.
  51. 51. Types of Classification 4. DELEGATING: • Turns over responsibilities to team members for decision-making and problem solving.
  52. 52. Which Leadership to be Adopted? • The leader has to adapt his style to a given situation. • It is called ” Situational Adaptable Leadership (SAL). A good leader will find him- or herself switching instinctively between styles according to the people and work they are dealing with. A good leader will find him- or herself switching instinctively between styles according to the people and work they are dealing with.
  53. 53. Situational Leadership Style SAL takes into account the following: • Leader’s awareness of self. • His natural style. • Situation. • Organizational culture. • Group characteristics & age of the team. • Motivation level.
  54. 54. Appropriate Leadership Style DEVELOPMENT LEVEL APPROPRIATE LEADERSHIP STYLE D1 * LOW COMPETENCE * HIGH COMMITMENT S1 DIRECTING STRUCTURE, CONTROL & SUPERVISE D2 • SOME COMPETENCE • VARIABLE COMMITMENT S2 COACHING DIRECT & SUPPORT
  55. 55. Appropriate Leadership Style D3 * HIGH COMPETENCE * VARIABLE COMMITMENT S3 SUPPORTING PRAISE, LISTEN & FACILITATE D4 • HIGH COMPETENCE • HIGH COMMITMENT S4 * DELEGATING TURN OVER RESPONSIBILITY FOR DAY-TO-DAY WORK
  56. 56. TASK RELATIONS (4) Low Task & Low Relationship (3) Low Task & High relationship (2) High Task & High Relationship (1) High Task & Low Relationship
  57. 57. The Life Cycle Theory (3) Low Task & High Relationship (4) LOW TASK & LOW RELATIONSHIP (2) HIGH TASK & HIGH RELATIONSHIP (1) HIGH TASK & LOW RELATIONSHIP HIGH 4 MEDIUM 3 2 LOW 1
  58. 58. DNA of a Leader
  59. 59. Management & Leadership • The organization of resources is - Management. • The organization of people is - Leadership.
  60. 60. MANAGEMENT • Management is the art of organizing resources to meet objectives.
  61. 61. Leadership • • Leadership is instrumental in the success of the organization. • Team performance normally depends upon the quality of leadership. •
  62. 62. Management & Leadership • Management of things is relatively easy – • They don’t answer back • The leadership of people is much more difficult – • They do.
  63. 63. Leadership Vs Manager
  64. 64. To Sum Up
  65. 65. How to be an Effective Leader?
  66. 66. Use Effective Leadership & Be a Winner
  67. 67. Excel As A Leader
  68. 68. QUESTIONS
  69. 69. Thank You - N.G.Palit
  70. 70. At the end • If you liked this presentation, please feel free to send your valuable feedback and suggestions to me at the following address: nandapalit@yahoo.co.in or through facebook.

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