Taking Learning Styles Online Nancy G. Abney, Instructor & Program Manager UAB Graduate School Professional Development Pr...
Intersections of Course Design Informed by Learning & Teaching Styles <ul><li>Activities:  </li></ul><ul><li>How students ...
Overview of Teaching Styles   <ul><li>Grasha’sTeaching Styles…   </li></ul><ul><li>Expert/ Authority / Model/ Facilitator/...
Quick Overview of Learning Styles <ul><li>Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences </li></ul><ul><li>Felder-Silverman Learn...
Learning Styles Inform Online Courses <ul><li>Learning Style Instruments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VARK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Index of Learning Styles   Based on   the Felder-Silverman Learning Styles Model <ul><li>Active  <------------------------...
Tips for Active & Reflective Learners <ul><li>Active learners   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to do something with the materi...
Sequential & Global Learners <ul><li>Sequential learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer linear models, outlines, flow charts...
Visual & Verbal Learners <ul><li>Visual learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer pictures, diagrams, charts, time-lines, film...
Sensing & Intuiting Learners <ul><li>Sensing learners like to learn facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer established methods...
V isual,  A uditory,  R ead/Write,  K inesthetic  <ul><li>How do your students learn best? </li></ul><ul><li>	Take the VAR...
What does it mean to be multimodal? <ul><li>Indicates a broad repertoire of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Multimodal learners m...
Using VARK Online <ul><li>Supports introspective, intrapersonal, kinesthetic, reflective learners </li></ul><ul><li>Is hel...
Instructional Strategies for teaching to different styles
Instructional Design Tips for Online Learning   <ul><li>Activities for different learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Video c...
Examples from Cal State Chico: Exemplary courses based on the Rubric for Quality Online Instruction <ul><li>Orienting Stud...
Examples from Cal State Chico: Exemplary courses based on the Rubric for Quality Online Instruction <ul><li>Home Page Orga...
<ul><li>References on the  </li></ul><ul><li>Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model </li></ul><ul><li>R.M. Felder and L.K. ...
Taking Learning Styles Online Nancy G. Abney, Instructor & Program Manager UAB Graduate School Professional Development Pr...
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Taking Learning Styles Online

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Designing Online Classes for Different Learning Styles: A Faculty Development Seminar

Taking Learning Styles Online

  1. 1. Taking Learning Styles Online Nancy G. Abney, Instructor & Program Manager UAB Graduate School Professional Development Program [email_address]
  2. 2. Intersections of Course Design Informed by Learning & Teaching Styles <ul><li>Activities: </li></ul><ul><li>How students interact </li></ul><ul><li>with </li></ul><ul><li>And manipulate the </li></ul><ul><li>content </li></ul><ul><li>To make it meaningful </li></ul>Input: Organizaton & Presentaton of Content Output: Student Communication and Products
  3. 3. Overview of Teaching Styles <ul><li>Grasha’sTeaching Styles… </li></ul><ul><li>Expert/ Authority / Model/ Facilitator/ Delegator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ntlf.com/html/lib/faq/ts-indiana.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How teaching style informs course design/delivery </li></ul><ul><li>http://vudat.msu.edu/teach_styles/ </li></ul><ul><li>What’s your teaching style? Take a survey: </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.longleaf.net/teachingstyle.html </li></ul>
  4. 4. Quick Overview of Learning Styles <ul><li>Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences </li></ul><ul><li>Felder-Silverman Learning Styles Model </li></ul><ul><li>VAK (VARK) learning styles model </li></ul>
  5. 5. Learning Styles Inform Online Courses <ul><li>Learning Style Instruments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VARK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ILS (Inventory of Learning Styles) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>…can inform online teaching in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>organization & presentation of content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>choice of activities / tools/ assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and student output-- projects, communication </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Index of Learning Styles Based on the Felder-Silverman Learning Styles Model <ul><li>Active <------------------------> Reflective </li></ul><ul><li>Sequential <--------------------> Global </li></ul><ul><li>Visual <-------------------------> Verbal </li></ul><ul><li>Sensing <----------------------> Intuitive </li></ul><ul><li>Video interview with Richard Felder </li></ul><ul><li> The Mismatch of Teaching & Learning Styles </li></ul><ul><li>R.M. Felder and L.K. Silverman, &quot;Learning and Teaching Styles in Engineering Education, &quot; Engr. Education, 78 (7), 674-681 (1988). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tips for Active & Reflective Learners <ul><li>Active learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to do something with the material: discuss, apply, explain, and teach concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit from studying in groups, problem-solving </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reflective learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to think deeply about the material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need opportunity to “process” information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit from writing reactions & summaries, discussions, blogs, journaling </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Sequential & Global Learners <ul><li>Sequential learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer linear models, outlines, flow charts, procedural steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit from building on prior knowledge, emphasizing relation of new material to old </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Global learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to see the “big picture” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide them goals, objectives, overviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit from analogies, broad applications, implications </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Visual & Verbal Learners <ul><li>Visual learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer pictures, diagrams, charts, time-lines, films, demonstrations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit from using the web to enhance materials with animations & demos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Verbal learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer words: written & spoken </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use group study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit from written & oral reports, summaries, stories </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Sensing & Intuiting Learners <ul><li>Sensing learners like to learn facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer established methods (e.g., performing the same task for homework weekly) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make connections to the real world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit from specific examples & applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intuitive learners like to discover relationships & possibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dislike routine; prefer innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit from prompts such as “What’s the relationship….? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. V isual, A uditory, R ead/Write, K inesthetic <ul><li>How do your students learn best? </li></ul><ul><li> Take the VARK Survey </li></ul><ul><li>VARK Goals: </li></ul><ul><li>Raise awareness of learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Identify preferred style(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Learn strategies for supporting and expanding different style(s) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=helpsheets Fleming and Mills (1992) </li></ul>
  12. 12. What does it mean to be multimodal? <ul><li>Indicates a broad repertoire of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Multimodal learners may need to process information in more than one way to achieve full understanding </li></ul>“ approximately 50% of faculty seem to be multi-modal, although they usually show preferences for Read/write” http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=understandingresults
  13. 13. Using VARK Online <ul><li>Supports introspective, intrapersonal, kinesthetic, reflective learners </li></ul><ul><li>Is helpful as part of course orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Is a useful Icebreaker/ Intro activity for discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used to build community & study support: form groups of like or unlike preferences to work or study together </li></ul>
  14. 14. Instructional Strategies for teaching to different styles
  15. 15. Instructional Design Tips for Online Learning <ul><li>Activities for different learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Video clips of interviews, movements </li></ul><ul><li>Historical audio clips of famous speeches </li></ul><ul><li>Screen animations for instructional exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Personal interview reports </li></ul><ul><li>Crossword or word search puzzles </li></ul><ul><li>Matching and game-show-style trivia games </li></ul><ul><li>Online scavenger hunt / WebQuest </li></ul><ul><li>Annotated bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>PowerPoint presentations as assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Flash simulations </li></ul><ul><li> Joan Van Duzer (2002) Rubric for Online Instruction </li></ul>
  16. 16. Examples from Cal State Chico: Exemplary courses based on the Rubric for Quality Online Instruction <ul><li>Orienting Students to Online Learning: </li></ul><ul><li>Resources for Online Learners ( Anth 112) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-assessment promotes self-awareness, reflection, hands-on learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Resources (SPED 673) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visuals & links provide context for global learners </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Examples from Cal State Chico: Exemplary courses based on the Rubric for Quality Online Instruction <ul><li>Home Page Organization (Sped 673) </li></ul><ul><li> Representative visuals & icons </li></ul><ul><li>Scavenger Hunt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analogy appeals to global learner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kinesthetic hands-on, active learner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guided questions support reflective learner </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li> Wimba Voice Board for introductions, discussions, presentations </li></ul><ul><li> http://www.csuchico.edu/celt/roi/eoi_vista.shtml </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>References on the </li></ul><ul><li>Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model </li></ul><ul><li>R.M. Felder and L.K. Silverman, &quot;Learning and Teaching Styles in Engineering Education,&quot; Engr. Education, 78 (7), 674-681 (1988). </li></ul><ul><li>R.M. Felder, &quot;Reaching the Second Tier: Learning and Teaching Styles in College Science Education,&quot; J. College Science Teaching, 23 (5), 286-290 (1993). </li></ul><ul><li>R.M. Felder and E.R. Henriques, &quot;Learning and Teaching Styles in Foreign and Second Language Education,&quot; Foreign Language Annals, 28 (1), 21-31 (1995). </li></ul><ul><li>R.M. Felder, &quot;Matters of Style.&quot; ASEE Prism, 6 (4), 18-23 (December 1996). </li></ul>
  19. 19. Taking Learning Styles Online Nancy G. Abney, Instructor & Program Manager UAB Graduate School Professional Development Program [email_address]

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