Innovation, Design, &
   Serious Games
   Nancy Frishberg & Kaliya Hamlin
   Internet Identity Workshop 2009
             ...
What?




Any of a dozen structured activities, such as those suggested in
Luke Hohmann’s book

Or, custom designed activi...
Who?
                              Facilitator                             Observers




                                 ...
When?
                         For software development projects

                          *
                            ...
How long?


                                 12
                             9        3
                                 6...
How many?




1-2 games in a half-day session; 3 per day is probably limit for all
participants

Observer briefing (require...
How?




How to decide which games to choose?
Match goal of activity to product needs, plus amount of effort to produce ea...
Which ones?




Here’s how those dimensions play out for Hohmann’s 12
Innovation Games.
Other games might target additiona...
Why?
                             Variety of benefits




                                • Engages participants quickly
  ...
Why?
                Range of responses




                 Teamwork            Groups   Individual


responses from Team...
Why?
                 Expressive materials




Taps forms expression from participants that are often hidden at
work:
 • f...
Why?
                 Data-driven decisions




...based on customer and user behavior, ideas and preferences
avoid “relig...
Why?
                   Surprisingly FUN




Breakthrough results that surprise the stakeholder teams and
energize custome...
Want more?
       Innovation, Design & Serious
          Games Exchange 2009
          San Francisco • June 26
http://www....
Contact us
 Nancy Frishberg
 nancyf (at) acm (dot) org
 @nancyf




   Kaliya Hamlin
   kaliya (at) mac (dot) com
   @iden...
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IIW-2009a Games (Session F10)

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IIW-2009a Games (Session F10)

  1. 1. Innovation, Design, & Serious Games Nancy Frishberg & Kaliya Hamlin Internet Identity Workshop 2009 Session F-10
  2. 2. What? Any of a dozen structured activities, such as those suggested in Luke Hohmann’s book Or, custom designed activities, such as participatory design, paper prototyping, “prototyping with junk”, etc.
  3. 3. Who? Facilitator Observers Customer (or User or Target) Facilitator: - neutral party in context with customers - helps to focus the question - POV? Listening with care Customers/Users/Team members - target for purchase of product or service (=customer) - target for use of product or service (=user, possibly several categories) - peers or teammates with different perspectives or tasks Observers - Stakeholders who make decisions (policy, price, features, timing, etc) about product & service - Task during game: Take notes about what’s said, not said, and what responses players give each other (verbal and non-verbal) - No-no: Do not address players directly in this setting during game play
  4. 4. When? For software development projects * * * * Early in process for products. At any of several junctures. Works well with Agile software development processes, because customer data can inform schedules of features and releases. For team building, insert games before team communication problems become institutionalized. Or use them when you can identify the right mix of customers and users. Image from http://www.cooper.com/journal/agile2008/
  5. 5. How long? 12 9 3 6 Synchronous play (whether co-located or distributed/remote) encourages maximum interactive experience, responses to one another and effectiveness for observers. 1-2 hours per event, depending on size of group and which game/activity is chosen.
  6. 6. How many? 1-2 games in a half-day session; 3 per day is probably limit for all participants Observer briefing (required) can be held within the previous week. Just reminders happen during registration.
  7. 7. How? How to decide which games to choose? Match goal of activity to product needs, plus amount of effort to produce each game. Luke’s 6 dimensions for games (with 3 levels for each) help selection. Other dimensions also may matter, such as whether a game is suitable for team play (collaboration), vs. a group (several players competing) vs. individual (each person completes the task alone, then shares work). (This diagram and its companion on the next slide are an alternative view of the information in Hohmann’s book. It was developed with the support of Vinq, LLC.)
  8. 8. Which ones? Here’s how those dimensions play out for Hohmann’s 12 Innovation Games. Other games might target additional dimensions. And as more serious games & design games come online, there will be the additional factors of remote/distributed play, synchronous and asynchronous play.
  9. 9. Why? Variety of benefits • Engages participants quickly • Triggers appropriate discussion • Rapid results for product team Games are both like & unlike focus groups Like focus groups, games involve a group of people recruited for a specific time to consider an organization’s products, goals or schedule. Unlike focus groups, the activities in games sessions are directed toward the other participants (rather than a discussion moderator), the questions are not scripted, but are obliquely part of the game play, strategy or tactics, and the observers are in the room with the players. It’s easier to reduce the impact of a single assertive participant and increase the impact of those who politely wait their turn.
  10. 10. Why? Range of responses Teamwork Groups Individual responses from Team or Group or Individuals, depending on which game is chosen, and how the game is implemented.
  11. 11. Why? Expressive materials Taps forms expression from participants that are often hidden at work: • fewer bullets, fewer spreadsheets • more physical materials, more attitude, more values, more preferences, more behavior data
  12. 12. Why? Data-driven decisions ...based on customer and user behavior, ideas and preferences avoid “religious” or “political” disagreements within the product team. Here various ideas yield an ordered list of features, with customer motivations for each choice.
  13. 13. Why? Surprisingly FUN Breakthrough results that surprise the stakeholder teams and energize customers with FUN! Illustrations of artifacts created in sessions of Spider Web, 20:20, and Product Box.
  14. 14. Want more? Innovation, Design & Serious Games Exchange 2009 San Francisco • June 26 http://www.enthiosys.com/news-events/idsge/
  15. 15. Contact us Nancy Frishberg nancyf (at) acm (dot) org @nancyf Kaliya Hamlin kaliya (at) mac (dot) com @identitywoman
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