The west indies


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The west indies

  1. 1. The west Indies The west Indies
  2. 2. West indies fact file Total land area : 10,033,140 sq km (over 7,0000 islands) Total population : 37.5 milion Ethnic groups : Africans  Native Americans Europeans Asians Largest cities (English speaking) : Kingston (Jamaica) Port of Spain (Trinidad) Government : Sovereign states and Dependent territories. Climate : Mainly warm and sunny all year round Currency : Various The west Indies
  3. 3. • The west indies are part of the region called the Caribbean they are called the west indies because when Christopher landed there in 1492, he thought he had reached the indies (in Asia) • The population increased as slaved from West A Africa and military prisoners and captured slaves from Ireland, who were deported in the Cromwell an reign in England. After the end of the slave trade, the population increased naturally. • The larges English-speaking Island is Jamaica. • In 1655, Jamaica, Spanish colony, was taken by the British and became notorious as a base for piracy. The unofficial capital, Port Royal, was the biggest port in the English colonies at that time, populated by pirates, slave traders, Flag of the West Indies Federation The west Indies
  4. 4. WELCOME TO PORT ROYAL Once called ‘the richest and wickedest city in the world’, Port Royal was also the virtual capital of Jamaica. To it came men of all races, treasures of skills, doubloons and gold from Spanish ships looted on the high seas by the notorious ‘Brethren of the Coast’ as the pirates were called. From here sailed the fleets of Henry Morgan, later lieutenantgeneral of Jamaica, for the sacking of Camaguey, Maracaibo and Panama, and died here despite the ministrations o his Jamaica folk doctor. Admirals Lord Nelson and Ben bow, the chilling Edward ‘Black beard’ Teach were among its inhabitants. The town flourished for 32years until at 20 minutes to noon, June 7, 1692, it was partially buried in the sea by an earthquake. Jamaica National Heritage Trust sign The west Indies
  5. 5. The west Indies
  6. 6. MONTEGO BAY Walking Tours Begin your at Sam Sharpe Square, named after the slave who led the Christmas Rebellion of 1831. In the 18th century, Jamaica was the largest producer of sugar in the world and British plantation owners imported 700,000 slaves from West Africa. A British plantation owner (19th C) Although the slave trade was officially abolished by the British government in 1807, Jamaican plantation owners refused to give up their slave. Sam Sharpe was an educated slave and a Baptist preacher who lived in Montego Bay.
  7. 7. By reading newspapers, he learned about the abolition movement and he spread the word among his fellow slaves. He organized a peaceful strike for the 28th December, just after the Christmas holiday, when he knew that the sugar cane was ready and needed to be cut quickly, but the other slaves grew violent and the government sent soldiers to end the rebellion. 300 slaves were executed for their part in the protest, including Sam Sharpe, who was hanged in this square in 1832.
  8. 8. Take a look at ‘The Cage’ in the northwest corner of the square – prison built in 1806 for runaway slaves and drunken British sailors. Its bell was rung at 2pm every afternoon to warn slaves from the country that they had an hour in which to leave town.
  9. 9. West IndIes Government Most of the English-speaking islands have a system of government based on UK (Westminster style) – Parliamentary democracy with some begin also begin Constitutional monarchies. Most are independent states with Bermuda beginning the largest and oldest British Overseas Territory (certain elements of government are controlled by the UK). West IndIes economy The Caribbean nations are not rich in natural resources. Most of the resources are used for domestic and regional purposes and include fisheries, bauxite (used for making aluminum), iron, timber and petroleum. The most important resource is the tropical
  10. 10. The Island now depends on tourism for their economy. Tourism has benefited farmers, fishermen and merchants because they must grow and more goods to feed the large number of visitor. The leading Caribbean export comes from Trinidad & Tobago, which possesses substantial petroleum reserves, and is regarded as the richest in terms of natural resources. Agricultural products are the major economic land-use activity and provide employment. However, they are becoming less becoming less important to the local economy. Sugar and bananas were the mainstay of the local economies, but small countries they were unable to maintain the economies of scale needed in a globalised world. The citrus industry (oranges, grapefruit, tangerines, limes) continues to do well.
  11. 11. British style buildings in Barbados, from colonial days Way of life The Caribbean lifestyle is undoubtedly a product of its tropical setting. The music, architecture, attitudes and customs have all, in some way, been shaped by the physical landscapes and climate. The cultures of the Caribbean countries are a blend of colonial and influences by major ethnic groups of the region such as East Indians and African. Barbados, a former British colony, retains enough British traditions to be called 'Little England'. Antigua, while offering a more laid-back attitude, still observes old British On the other hand, Jamaica retains few of the colonial customs, relies heavily on precolonial heritage and is passionately self-sufficient.
  12. 12. Music has been central to Caribbean culture since the days of slavery, when it was a mode of mental survival and form of recreation. Today, music is everywhere; it plays on city streets, in native's homes and at special festivals - at Carnival people dance for days to the music. Family values are another important aspect of Caribbean British style buildings in Barbados, way of life. There is a proverb, 'It takes a whole village from colonial days to raise a child', which symbolises the communal tradition. Respect for elders and learning, are the two Trinidad carnival main principals of child upbringing.
  13. 13. MeMBeRS of GRoUP MiSS PHoRNTiWaR MiSS SUPHalaK MiSS SaKUNa MiSS MaNliKa MR. TaWaTCHai yaNaWoNGSa RaTTaNaTieNGToNG CHooyaT liMUPaPiRiyaKiT CHoMHaM