Subject & verb agreement


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Subject & verb agreement

  1. 1. The Second GroupBy :Uswatun Hasanah 09431002Ainur Rochimah 09431009Fitri Eka Ari Para Nita 09431013Kholidatus Sholihah 09431015Siti Nur Azizah 09431026
  2. 2. The meaning of verbA verb is a word that describes the action or state ofbeing of its subject.Example :The most diligent student in my class never sleepsmuch. (The verb, sleeps, describes the action of thesentence.)Consequently, she is always tired. (The verb, is, describes the state of being of thesubject, she.)
  3. 3. The subject and verb of a sentence should always agree witheach other. If the subject is in singular, so the verb must be insingular. In other hand, if the subject is in plural, so the verb mustbe in plural. For example:The students, with 20 classes left in the semester, intend to attendall the plural subject plural verbremaining classes.The student, with 20 classes left in the semester, intends to attendall thesingular subject singularverbremaining classes.
  4. 4. Subject and Verb Agreement Rules 1. If the subject is singular (refers to one person or thing), theverb will have an -s ending. Examples: The boy walks home. He throws the ball. The cat plays. 2. If the subject is plural (refers to more than one person orthing), the verb will not end in s. Examples: The girls write long essays. The computers work well.
  5. 5. 3. The pronouns each, either, neither, one, everyone, noone, nobody, anyone, anybody, someone, everybody, and much are singular and will require a verb with an -sending. Examples: Everyone in the class is going on the trip. Neither teacher plans to cover the entiretextbook.4. The pronouns several, few, both, many, and others areplural and require a verb without an -s ending.Examples: Several of my friends work in the library. Many on the honor roll study long hours.
  6. 6. 5. The pronouns some, any, none, all, and most may be eithersingular or plural. Examples: Some of the cake was eaten. All of the contestants were present.6. When a sentence has two or more subjects joined by and, averb without an s is needed. Examples: Students and teachers park in front of the auditorium. Pizza, cake and ice cream have always been his favoritefoods.
  7. 7. 7. When a sentence has two or more subjects joined by or ornor, choose a verb that agrees with the subject closest to it. Examples: Fudge or cookies are a good choice for dessert. Neither Tammy nor her sister likes to travel.8. When every or many a comes before a subject, the verb should havean -s ending. Examples: Every man, woman and child remembers that coldwinter. Many a woman chooses motherhood over a career. 9. There and here are never subjects when they appear at thebeginning of a sentence.The subject will come later in the sentence. Make certain to identifythe correct word as the subject before choosing a verb. Examples: There is the jacket I lost. Here are the library books you needed.
  8. 8. Subject and verb as in “Main Verb”Subject separated from the verbSubject and verb must be match, but subject and verb sometimesare separated by some words which are prepositional phrase.But, The prepositional phrase soes not influence the verb. Subject + (prepositional phrase) + verb Example: The study of language is very interesting. The danger of forest fires is not to be taken lightly. The effects of that crime are likely to be devastating.
  9. 9. These words which also do not influence to theverb, such as: together with, as well as, alongwith, accompanied by.Example : - The mayor as well as his brothers is going to prison.- The actress, along with her manager and some friends, isgoing to party tonight.- Mr. Robin, accompanied by his wife and children is arrivingtonight.Note :If the conjunction AND is used in a sentence, so the verbmust be in plural. Example: the actress and her managerare going to the party tonight.
  10. 10. Word that always take singular verbs and pronoun Some words which put the verb and singular pronoun. Anybody nobody somebody everybody Anyone no one someone everyone Anything nothing something everythingExamples:Everybody who has not purchased a ticket should be in this line.Something was under the house.Anybody who has lost his ticket should report to the desk.Everyone has done his or her homework.Somebody has left her purse.
  11. 11. Each is often followed by a prepositionalphrase ending in a plural word (Each of thecars), thus confusing the verb choice.Each, too, is always singular and requires asingular verb.Example:Each of the students is responsible fordoing his or her work in the library.
  12. 12. 1. None/noOn the other hand, there is one indefinitepronoun, none, that can be either singular or plural; itoften doesnt matter whether you use a singular or aplural verb — unless something else in the sentencedetermines its number. None + of the + non-count noun + singular verbExample:none of the counterfeit money has been found.
  13. 13. None + of the + plural count noun + plural verbExample:None of the students have finished the exam yet.
  14. 14. No + singular noun + singular verb Noun count nounExample:No example is relevant to this case. No + plural noun + plural verbExample:no examples are relevant to this case.
  15. 15. 2. Either/neitherEither/neither is followed by or/nor. So, the verb can be in singularor plural. It depends on the noun after or/nor is in singular orplural. Neither + noun + nor + plural noun + plural verb Either + noun + or + plural noun + plural verbExample:Neither john nor his friends are going to the beach today.Either my sisters or my brothers live in Jakarta.
  16. 16. Example:Either my father or my brothers aregoing to sell the house. Neither my brothers nor my father isgoing to sell the house. Are either my brothers or my fatherresponsible? Is either my father or my brothersresponsible?
  17. 17. 3. Gerund as subjectIf a sentence is started by gerund (verb-ing), so the verb mustbe in singular. Example: growing flower is her body. Writing many letters makes her happy. Washing with special cream is recommended forscalp infection. but, there are two or more subjects as subject, so the verbmust be in plural.Example: writing and reading are interesting subject. Drawing and painting are Tom’s hobbies.
  18. 18. 4. Collective nounsCollective nouns are words that imply more thanone person but that are considered singular nouns. These includegroup, team, committee, class, andfamily, organization, government, army, jury, congress, club, minority, public, crowd. These collectivenouns take a singular verb. Example:the family has a big house.The organization has lot many members this year.Our team is going to win the game.
  19. 19. Collective noun is also shown in time, money, distance.They are in singular.Example:twenty five dollars is too much to pay for that shirt.Fifty minutes is not enough time to finish this test.Two miles is too much to run in one day. If individual members or parts of a group areconsidered separate, a plural verb without an s isneeded.Examples:The dance team buy their own costumes.The Honor Society compete in the math competition.
  20. 20. 5. A number of/the number of A number of + plural noun + plural verbExample:a number of students are going to the class picnic.A number of members have schedule to come in a meeting. The number of + plural noun + singular verb Example:the number of days in a week is seven.The number of boys play football in the yard.
  21. 21. 6. Noun that are always pluralThese noun are always in plural, but they usually havesingular meaning if there is “a pair of….” Scissors shorts pliers jeans Trousers glasses pants tweezersExample: the pants are in the drawer. A pair of pants is in the drawer. These scissors are dull. A pair of scissors is dull.
  22. 22. 7. There is/there areThere isThere was + singular subject/noun count.There was has beenExample: there is a storm. There was an accident last night.There areThere were + plural subject…….There have beenExample: there have been a number of telephone calls today. There were too many people at the party last night.
  23. 23. Any Question ??
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