Language and Gender (Sociolinguistic)Presentation Transcript
1. Erina Rusdyansari (09431019)2. Purnama Ratna Sari Dewi (09431023)3. Nur Indah Sucahyani (09431029)4. Nur Qomariyah (08431035)
• SOCIOLINGUISTICS Is The study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society• LANGUAGE Is a tool of communication• GENDER Is a range of characteristics used to distinguish between males and females, particularly in the cases of men and women and the masculine and feminine attributes assigned to them.• LANGUAGE AND GENDER itself is an area of study within sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, and related fields that investigates varieties of speech associated with a particular gender, or social norms for such gendered language use
LANGUAGE AND GENDER CONSIST OF• MINIMAL RESPONSE• QUESTION• TURN-TAKING• CHANGGING THE TOPIC OF CONVERSATION• SELF-DISCLOSURE• VERBAL AGRESSION• POLITENESS
1. MINIMAL RESPONSEMINIMAL RESPONSE IS one of the ways inwhich the communicative behavior of men andwomen differ. FOR EXAMPLE :• Women :Women has response frequently when they havea conversation for example : paralinguisticfeatures such as ‘mhmm’ and ‘yeah’, which isbehavior associated with collaborative theirlanguage use• Men :Men has response less than women when theyhave a conversation for example: generally use‘mhmm’ and ‘yeah’less frequently
2. QUESTIONMen and women differ in their use of questions inconversations. MEN : And mens language is heard• as clearly their toughness,• as lack of affect, competitiveness,• as independence,• as competence,• as hierarchy,• as control.• Men usually ask something to do point that different with women.
WOMEN• Women use questions more frequently. THEY USUALLY USED QUSETION TAG to avoid making strong statements,• to reflect their (our) conservatism,• to prestige consciousness,• to upward mobility,• to insecurity,• to deference,• to nurturance,• to emotional expressivity,• to connectedness,• to sensitivity to others,• to solidarity.• Women usually do not to do point when they want to ask something, that very different with men.
3. TURN-TAKINGturn-taking gives rises to complex forms of interactionin relation to the more regimented form of turn-taking.Female linguistic behavior characteristicallyencompasses a desire to take turns in conversationwith others, which is opposed to men’s tendencytowards centering on their own point or remainingsilent when presented with such implicit offers ofconversational turn-taking as are provided by hedgessuch as and "isn’t it".
4. Changing the topic of conversationThis difference may well be at the root of theconception that women chatter and talk toomuch, and may still sparker the same thinking insome males. In this way lowered estimation ofwomen may arise.
5. Self-disclosure Self-disclosure is the process was originally defined as telling others about the self.
Women Men• Sharing their problems • Male tendencies to and experiences with non-self-disclosure and others, often to offer professing advice or sympathy. offering a solution• They usually asked when confronted with their friend about their another’s problems. problems. Because man usually solve their problems by themselves.
• Women engage in kros, Men or "angry talk", which is • focused on the down typically characterized play of conflict in order by vituperative and to maintain - or at least brazen displays of give - the illusion of insults and shouting. harmony.
Politeness is best expressed asthe practical application of good manners or etiquette
According to Lakoff (1975), he identified three forms of politeness:• Formal Politness Generally accepted formal standards usuallydenote professionalism, whereas the absence or lack ofstandards would be seen as casual.• Deference Politness Deference Politness is the condition of submittingto the espoused, legitimate influence of ones superioror superiors. Camaraderie Politeness• Camaraderie Camaraderie is Goodwill and lighthearted rapportbetween or among friends; comradeship. It is usuallyused when we speak with our friends
• There are many differences between men’s language and women’s language. We can see that by minimal response side, Question side, Turn taking side, Changing the topic of conversation side, Self-disclosure side, Verbal aggression side, Politeness side.