About 215 million underage children work full or part-time, 2 while 75 million older youth (15-24) cannot find work. In low and middle income countries 34 percent are married or in union before they are 18. The leading causes of mortality and morbidity among girls and young women aged 15-24 years in these countries are complications of pregnancy, unsafe abortion and childbirth.Investments in young people now are in everyone’s interest and are everyone’s responsibility: families, community leaders, nongovernmental organizations, governments, the private sector, the international community, and others alike.Puberty and maturing also brings new vulnerabilities to human rights abuses, particularly in the areas of sexuality, marriage and child bearing.
UNFPA is mandated both to assist countries to meet the commitments for adolescents and youth, especially where these relate to sexual and reproductive health, made by member states and the international community at the meeting of the 2012 United Nations Commission on Population and Development. UNFPA to advocate for the political will, funding and human resources needed to achieve them. Sexual and reproductive health and full enjoyment of the associated human rights are at the very heart of adolescents’ transition into adulthood. They play vital parts throughout life in adolescents’ identity, health, wellbeing and personal fulfillment. Sexual and reproductive health and rights are a corner stone of young people’s transition to adulthood, influencing outcomes for both adolescents and youth across a range of fronts. This means that no one sector or organization can do what is needed to support young people on their own.
The two population pyramids of 1999 and 2009 illustrate the evolution of the Vietnamese population by age and sex, indicating an increase among young people aged 15-24 years. Young people took second place in 1999 , this group became the largest sector in 2009. During the period 1999–2009, the urban population grew rapidly, on average 3.4% per year, while in rural areas, population growth only reached 0.4% per year.
Presentation on unfpa strategy on adolescents 26.6.2013 raghy-toan unfpa
UNFPA strategy on adolescent and youth,and UNFPA-supported program on youth inVietnam 2012-2016REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AFFINITY GROUP MEETINGHanoi, 25 June 2013Ha Huu ToanUNFPA
Presentation Outline1) MDG Goal 5: Improving maternal health2) UNFPA global strategy on adolescent and youth –towards realizing the full potential of Adolescentsand Youth3) UNFPA-supported program on youth in Vietnam2012-20164) Theme of World Population 2013
MDG Goal 5: Improving maternal healthTarget 5a: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and2015, the maternal mortality ratio5.1 Maternal mortality ratio5.2 Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnelTarget 5b: Achieve, by 2015, universal access toreproductive health5.3 Contraceptive prevalence rate5.4 Adolescent birth rate5.5 Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit and at least fourvisits)5.6 Unmet need for family planning
1) UNFPA global strategy on adolescent andyouth – towards realizing the full potentialof Adolescents and Youth
UNFPA strategy on adolescent and youth- background• Today’s adolescents and youth are 1.8 billion strong andrepresent one quarter of the world’s population.• Young people face high risks of unwanted pregnancies,unsafe abortions, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) andHIV. Every day approximately 940 adolescents and womenworldwide die due to complications from pregnancy orchildbirth.• In partnership with young people, national and internationalorganizations, UNFPA assists countries to identify andimplement policies and programs to secure the health,development and human rights of adolescents andyouth.
UNFPA Strategy on Adolescent and YouthA cross-sector approachSexual &reproductivehealth &rightsEducation• Access to secondary education• Young married people’s accessto education• Alternative learningopportunities for the vulnerableHealth & Wellbeing• Family planning• Maternal health• Nutrition• STIs and HIV• Subsistence abuse• Chronic illness incl. mental health• AccidentsLivelihoods• Access to employment• Fair & safe work conditions• Young entrepreneursObstacles• Discrimination• Marginalization & exclusion• Harmful practices• Poverty• Violence• No access to justiceActive Participation• Access to communication technology• Participation in decision making• Leadership & organizing skillsSocial Assets• Peer-based social and supportnetworks• Cultural expression and creativity• Positive representation in the media• Sports and recreation• Positive male role models
UNFPA strategy on adolescent and youth- five strategic prongs1. Enable evidence-based advocacy forcomprehensive policy and program development,investment and implementation.2. Promote comprehensive sexuality education.3. Build capacity for sexual and reproductive healthservice delivery (including HIV prevention,treatment and care).4. Take initiatives to reach marginalized anddisadvantaged adolescents and youth, especiallygirls.5. Promote youth leadership and participation.
2) UNFPA-supported program on youthin Vietnam 2012-2016
Source: Vietnam’s Population and Housing Census, GSO, 2009Background: population in Viet Nam- population pyramid 1999-2009Male Female
HEALTH• Viet Nam has entered a ‘demographic bonus’period with young people aged 10 to 24 accountingfor nearly 30% of the total population• One third of Vietnamese young people continue toface barriers when trying to access reproductivehealth information and services (SAVY, 2010)• The unmet need for contraception among youngpeople aged 15–19 years and 20–24 years is35.4% and 34.6% respectively (MICS, 2010)
UNFPA-supported programs on YoungPeople in Vietnam 2012-20162 prongsPolicy level• Support for evidence-basedpolicy dialogue and advocacyto include young people’sissues in national/ sub-nationalstrategies and plans.• Promote young people’sparticipation in policydevelopment/implementation.• Support to strengthen thecapacity in overseeing theimplementation of the YouthLaw and policies.• Main partners: MOHA, YU, andNA/CEYACProgramme level• Support for a nationalprogramme addressing highlevels of unmet need in SRH,including contraception amongunmarried young people.• Main partner: GOPFP-MOH• Support for integratedSRH/HIV into the vocationaltraining programs.• Main partner: MOLISA
Review, generate and analyze youth data forpolicy advocacy and development, and implementationof effective youth policiesIntegrate life skills-based SRH/HIV education intovocational training programmesDevelop and implement a programme on addressinghigh unmet need for contraceptives amongunmarried young peopleAdvocate for the needs of the most vulnerable youngpeople, and highlight the evidence of the prevailingdisparitiesEstablish a formal mechanism for youth participationand develop guidelines on youth participationinto the development, implementation and monitoringof policies and programsEnable evidence-based advocacyPromotecomprehensivesexualityeducationBuild capacityfor sexual andreproductive healthservice deliveryTake initiatives toreach themarginalized anddisadvantagedadolescents andyouthPromote youthleadership andparticipationUNFPA-supported programs on Young People in Vietnam 2012-2016