UNFPA strategy on adolescent and youth,and UNFPA-supported program on youth inVietnam 2012-2016REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AFFINITY GROUP MEETINGHanoi, 25 June 2013Ha Huu ToanUNFPA
Presentation Outline1) MDG Goal 5: Improving maternal health2) UNFPA global strategy on adolescent and youth –towards realizing the full potential of Adolescentsand Youth3) UNFPA-supported program on youth in Vietnam2012-20164) Theme of World Population 2013
MDG Goal 5: Improving maternal healthTarget 5a: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and2015, the maternal mortality ratio5.1 Maternal mortality ratio5.2 Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnelTarget 5b: Achieve, by 2015, universal access toreproductive health5.3 Contraceptive prevalence rate5.4 Adolescent birth rate5.5 Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit and at least fourvisits)5.6 Unmet need for family planning
1) UNFPA global strategy on adolescent andyouth – towards realizing the full potentialof Adolescents and Youth
UNFPA strategy on adolescent and youth- background• Today’s adolescents and youth are 1.8 billion strong andrepresent one quarter of the world’s population.• Young people face high risks of unwanted pregnancies,unsafe abortions, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) andHIV. Every day approximately 940 adolescents and womenworldwide die due to complications from pregnancy orchildbirth.• In partnership with young people, national and internationalorganizations, UNFPA assists countries to identify andimplement policies and programs to secure the health,development and human rights of adolescents andyouth.
UNFPA Strategy on Adolescent and YouthA cross-sector approachSexual &reproductivehealth &rightsEducation• Access to secondary education• Young married people’s accessto education• Alternative learningopportunities for the vulnerableHealth & Wellbeing• Family planning• Maternal health• Nutrition• STIs and HIV• Subsistence abuse• Chronic illness incl. mental health• AccidentsLivelihoods• Access to employment• Fair & safe work conditions• Young entrepreneursObstacles• Discrimination• Marginalization & exclusion• Harmful practices• Poverty• Violence• No access to justiceActive Participation• Access to communication technology• Participation in decision making• Leadership & organizing skillsSocial Assets• Peer-based social and supportnetworks• Cultural expression and creativity• Positive representation in the media• Sports and recreation• Positive male role models
UNFPA strategy on adolescent and youth- five strategic prongs1. Enable evidence-based advocacy forcomprehensive policy and program development,investment and implementation.2. Promote comprehensive sexuality education.3. Build capacity for sexual and reproductive healthservice delivery (including HIV prevention,treatment and care).4. Take initiatives to reach marginalized anddisadvantaged adolescents and youth, especiallygirls.5. Promote youth leadership and participation.
2) UNFPA-supported program on youthin Vietnam 2012-2016
Source: Vietnam’s Population and Housing Census, GSO, 2009Background: population in Viet Nam- population pyramid 1999-2009Male Female
HEALTH• Viet Nam has entered a ‘demographic bonus’period with young people aged 10 to 24 accountingfor nearly 30% of the total population• One third of Vietnamese young people continue toface barriers when trying to access reproductivehealth information and services (SAVY, 2010)• The unmet need for contraception among youngpeople aged 15–19 years and 20–24 years is35.4% and 34.6% respectively (MICS, 2010)
UNFPA-supported programs on YoungPeople in Vietnam 2012-20162 prongsPolicy level• Support for evidence-basedpolicy dialogue and advocacyto include young people’sissues in national/ sub-nationalstrategies and plans.• Promote young people’sparticipation in policydevelopment/implementation.• Support to strengthen thecapacity in overseeing theimplementation of the YouthLaw and policies.• Main partners: MOHA, YU, andNA/CEYACProgramme level• Support for a nationalprogramme addressing highlevels of unmet need in SRH,including contraception amongunmarried young people.• Main partner: GOPFP-MOH• Support for integratedSRH/HIV into the vocationaltraining programs.• Main partner: MOLISA
Review, generate and analyze youth data forpolicy advocacy and development, and implementationof effective youth policiesIntegrate life skills-based SRH/HIV education intovocational training programmesDevelop and implement a programme on addressinghigh unmet need for contraceptives amongunmarried young peopleAdvocate for the needs of the most vulnerable youngpeople, and highlight the evidence of the prevailingdisparitiesEstablish a formal mechanism for youth participationand develop guidelines on youth participationinto the development, implementation and monitoringof policies and programsEnable evidence-based advocacyPromotecomprehensivesexualityeducationBuild capacityfor sexual andreproductive healthservice deliveryTake initiatives toreach themarginalized anddisadvantagedadolescents andyouthPromote youthleadership andparticipationUNFPA-supported programs on Young People in Vietnam 2012-2016