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a slide that throws light on some of the important aspects for interview.

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  • Only a fool would tell you that looking for a job isn’t stressful. And it would take an even bigger fool to tell you that interviews will not produce stress. After all, you’re in an unfamiliar setting, meeting strangers, risking your ego, and about to embark on a conversation that can affect the rest of your life.
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    1. 1. STRESS
    2. 2. Presentation Format <ul><li>Types of Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>ABC’s of Interviewing </li></ul><ul><li>Before the Interview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do Your Homework </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During the Interview </li></ul><ul><li>After the Interview </li></ul>
    3. 3. ABC ’s of the Job Interview <ul><li>A lways </li></ul><ul><li>B eware of </li></ul><ul><li>C rash and Burn </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>A lways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research the company with a focus on customers and competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research can be done on the internet, by reading annual reports, and by talking with credible people in the industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide examples of when you have successfully worked in team environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate creativity and responsibility </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>B eware of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Having an “I” attitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t overstate your accomplishments - be honest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiating too early </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doing this during the job interview sends a message that you are more interested in money than the job </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being too casual with the interview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize that the job interview starts when you first arrive and does not end until you are out the door and on your way home </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>C rash and Burn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Displaying bad manners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor etiquette and boorish manners send a message to the interviewer that you will behave that way with clients </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demeaning your current or past employer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is a very small world, and reputations are made and broken on the basis of sometimes unknown relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being dishonest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An interview is the time to put the best spin possible on your career, but not at the cost of your integrity </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Types Of Interviews <ul><li>Rotating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like one-to-one with different interviewers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6-8 candidates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group observed while discussing topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be aware of group interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Panel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2-5 interviewers, or as many as 13!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to identify different roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respond to interviewer, include others through eye contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May involve presentation </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Before The Interview <ul><li>Review your skills -- be positive and honor your achievements. Do not underestimate your skills. Write your top accomplishments down on paper </li></ul><ul><li>Know your resume well. Look at ways that your qualifications meet the job description </li></ul><ul><li>Are there things NOT on your resume that are relevant to the job? </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize areas for improvement and develop a plan for downplaying these weaknesses in the interview </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Become very familiar with the job description and the requirements for the position </li></ul><ul><li>List the specific qualifications and requirements sought by the employer. </li></ul><ul><li>Match these qualifications with the accomplishments that you already wrote down </li></ul><ul><li>In order to support this, identify and list specific examples (quantify if possible) of your past accomplishments </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to answer questions regarding gaps in your skill level </li></ul>Know the Specifics of the Job
    10. 10. Know the Employer <ul><li>You should learn as much about the company as you can </li></ul><ul><li>Company website. Know it well! </li></ul><ul><li>Company literature </li></ul><ul><li>Annual reports </li></ul><ul><li>Network with current employees </li></ul><ul><li>Attend employer informational session at the Career Center, if applicable </li></ul>
    11. 11. Do Your Homework <ul><li>Employers’ Web Sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best place to “see” the company as it wants to be seen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the annual report, look for press releases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for the “head of R&D” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get vital statistics and independent perspectives on the employer from On-line resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at financial data, list of competitors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>News Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find general interest web sites to see what they say about this employer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find hometown newspapers on-line to read about this employer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade Journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read these for new products, find its place in the industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industry Directories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you belong to a professional organization go to its directory </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. During the Interview <ul><li>Arrive 15 minutes early to allow time to relax and complete any paperwork </li></ul><ul><li>Learn the interviewer’s name and greet with a firm handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you have a clear understanding of the job and the company </li></ul><ul><li>Consider offering examples of your work </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Structure your answers to speak to your qualifications, be concrete and detailed </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to answer ALL parts of a question </li></ul><ul><li>Closure and timeline for decision </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You and a firm handshake </li></ul>
    14. 14. Don’t Forget YOU <ul><li>Employers Interest – </li></ul><ul><li>To know YOU as a person. </li></ul><ul><li>Your Experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Your opinion. </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Sit & think about yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Make notes about your work records. </li></ul><ul><li>Think about your achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>What ambitions do you have. </li></ul><ul><li>Find your interest areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Find your strengths. </li></ul><ul><li>Find your weaknesses. </li></ul>Discover ‘YOU’
    16. 16. Watch the Body Language <ul><li>First impressions very powerful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Halo effect or Devil effect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allow time to relax </li></ul><ul><li>Dress appropriately </li></ul><ul><li>Entrance, introductions & handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Smile and make eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of own movements </li></ul><ul><li>Watch body language of interviewer </li></ul>
    17. 17. What creates a bad impression <ul><li>Poor personal appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Negative attitude – evasive, using excuses </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of interest and enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Poor knowledge of role </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to give concrete examples of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Over emphasis on money/rewards </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of career plan </li></ul>
    18. 18. Positive Body Language <ul><li>Positive Entrance </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxed Smile </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Eye Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Straight Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Firm Handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Leaning Slightly Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Hand Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Feet Flat on Floor </li></ul>
    19. 19. Negative Body Language <ul><li>Lack of Enthusiasm or Curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Frowning </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Eye Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Staring </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Arms Crossed </li></ul><ul><li>Hands Clenched </li></ul><ul><li>Looking at Watch </li></ul>
    20. 20. Uneven Shoulders and torso <ul><li>Weighing options </li></ul>
    21. 21. Shoulder Tension <ul><li>Anxiousness, wants to be left alone </li></ul>
    22. 22. Hand as fist <ul><li>Irritated, angry </li></ul>
    23. 23. Hand to Head <ul><li>Signals concentration </li></ul>
    24. 24. Hand over Mouth <ul><li>Hiding words or expressions. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Head Angled <ul><li>Interested and involved </li></ul>
    26. 26. Raised Eyebrows <ul><li>Anger </li></ul>
    27. 27. Forehead Raised <ul><li>Sign of strong emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Surprise, anxiety or sadness </li></ul>
    28. 28. Nostrils Flaring <ul><li>Smelling something wrong, </li></ul><ul><li>a threat sign because of anger or irritation. </li></ul>
    29. 29. Pursed Lips <ul><li>Decision Making or thinking things through </li></ul>
    30. 30. Legs Crossed <ul><li>Crossing legs at the knee with toes relaxed is the Commonest option for women </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing legs at ankle is less feminine than crossing at the knee. </li></ul>
    31. 31. Tips Regarding Attire (Men) <ul><li>If possible, wear a suit to the interview </li></ul><ul><li>Belt and shoes should be same color </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid ties with elaborate patterns or too many colors </li></ul><ul><li>A wedding ring and/or watch is generally the only jewelry that should be worn </li></ul><ul><li>Head to Toe: Hair should be well groomed and shoes should be polished </li></ul>
    32. 32. Who Would You Hire?
    33. 33. Tips Regarding Attire (Women) <ul><li>A suit or dress is preferable </li></ul><ul><li>Skirts should meet at the top of the knee or longer </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of jewelry should be minimized </li></ul><ul><li>Make-up should be light </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid perfumes and scented powders </li></ul>
    34. 34. Stylish Look, But Not For An Interview
    35. 35. Stylish, And Ready To Interview
    36. 36. Starting The Interview <ul><li>Be sure to arrive 10 to 15 minutes prior to the start of the interview </li></ul><ul><li>Greet the interviewer with a firm handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain good eye contact and posture </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you are energetic and enthusiastic </li></ul><ul><li>Speak clearly and articulate </li></ul>
    37. 37. Typical Questions <ul><li>About you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell me about yourself - Bring me up to date with your CV? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did you choose that particular degree programme? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What experience have you had that is relevant to this post? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What would you consider your major achievements to date? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>About the job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What interests you about this job? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you know about this organisation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What other options are you considering? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you see your career developing – 5 years? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you were Head of Department, what would be your priorities? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think of the Government’s policy on college fees? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think about President Abdul Kalam </li></ul></ul>
    38. 38. <ul><li>Why do you want to work here? </li></ul><ul><li>Why should I hire you? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do for us that other candidates can’t? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did you leave your (are you leaving) your job? </li></ul><ul><li>What are your strengths and weaknesses? </li></ul><ul><li>What are your goals? </li></ul><ul><li>When were you most satisfied with your job? </li></ul>Typical Interview Questions
    39. 39. Other Type of Questions <ul><li>“ What if” Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No experience - how are you likely to respond to a situation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Probing Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How exactly did you deal with the situation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How did you know it worked? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How did you feel about the outcome? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could you have handled it differently? </li></ul></ul>
    40. 40. Competency-based Interviews <ul><li>Company identifies key skills required for job </li></ul><ul><li>Designs questions to elicit evidence of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on past behaviour as predictor of success </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork: Describe a team project you worked on. What problems arose? How did you deal with them? </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Skills: Describe situation when you had to persuade others to support your view. Give an example of any reports you’ve written which illustrate your writing skills </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal skills : What kinds of people do you find it difficult to work with? How do you handle those situations? </li></ul><ul><li>Taking Responsibility: Describe a time when you took responsibility to achieve a challenging goal </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-solving : Tell about a time when you had several tasks to manage at one time with conflicting deadlines. </li></ul>
    41. 41. Preparing for Competency Interview <ul><li>Identify the competencies required for job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review job description or ask for information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Define each competency in behavioural terms </li></ul><ul><li>Identify past experience to illustrate how you demonstrated that behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare examples for each competency </li></ul><ul><li>Practice talking about your experience </li></ul><ul><li>Try to give a complete answer - STAR </li></ul>
    42. 42. Responding to Competency Questions <ul><li>Q Give me an example of a problem you encountered. How did you approach it. What was the outcome? </li></ul><ul><li>STAR response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S: Describe the situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T: Explain the task/problem that arose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A: What action did you take? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R: What was the result or outcome? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What did you learn from this experience? </li></ul></ul>
    43. 43. Your Answers <ul><li>Listen carefully, seek clarification </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrate answers with real examples and evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Be positive – constructive criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Keep answers specific and succinct </li></ul><ul><li>Take time to respond </li></ul><ul><li>Be alert to interviewer’s body language </li></ul><ul><li>Speak clearly, smile and show enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Know what you want to say, and find the opportunity </li></ul>
    44. 44. Your Questions <ul><li>Training programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Career development opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Types of projects & responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting structure </li></ul><ul><li>Performance appraisal </li></ul><ul><li>Profile of staff </li></ul><ul><li>Questions about topics raised in interview </li></ul><ul><li>What happens next? </li></ul>
    45. 45. After the Interview <ul><li>Review own performance </li></ul><ul><li>what went well </li></ul><ul><li>what went badly </li></ul><ul><li>what you wished you had said </li></ul><ul><li>prepare for next stage </li></ul><ul><li>Invitation to second / final round interviews </li></ul><ul><li>assessment centre </li></ul><ul><li>psychometric testing </li></ul><ul><li>panel interview </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection letter / email </li></ul><ul><li>if you can request feedback - use it </li></ul>
    46. 46. Follow-Up <ul><li>Be sure to send a “thank you” after you have interviewed </li></ul><ul><li>A hand-written card is preferred </li></ul><ul><li>If you feel you have poor handwriting, then a typed letter may be a better option </li></ul><ul><li>Mail the card or letter on the same day as your interview </li></ul>
    47. 47. AFTER the Interview <ul><li>Write down notes after you leave the building </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up with thanks by sending a note to your contact </li></ul>
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