The doctrine of Abrahamic religions

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Judaism, Christianity, Islam

Judaism, Christianity, Islam

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  • 1. The doctrine of Abrahamic religions
  • 2. Comparison of Religious Beliefs
  • 3. Source:
  • 4. Ten Commandments
    The Ten Commandments according to the Hebrew Bible, is a list of religious and moral imperatives that were given by God to Moses from Mount Sinai (or Horeb). The Ten Commandments are recognized as a moral foundation in Judaism and Christianity.
  • 5.
  • 6. Ten Commandments, by Lucas Cranach the Elder.
  • 7. Islamic view of the Ten Commandments
    In Islam, Moses is venerated as one of the greatest prophets of God. However, Islam also teaches that the texts of the Torah and the Gospels have been corrupted from their divine originals over the years, due to carelessness and self-interest. Despite this purported corruption, those messages still coincide closely with certain verses in the Qur'an.
  • 8. "There is no other god beside Allah." (Qur'an 47:19)
    "My Lord, make this a peaceful land, and protect me and my children from worshiping idols." (Qur'an 14:35)
    "And make not Allah's an excuse in your oaths against doing good, or acting rightly, or making peace between persons; for Allah is One Who heareth and knoweth all things." (Qur'an 2:224)
    "O you who believe, when the Congregational Prayer (Salat Al-Jumu`ah) is announced on Friday, you shall hasten to the commemoration of GOD, and drop all business." (Qur'an 62:9)
    ....and your parents shall be honoured. As long as one or both of them live, you shall never say to them, "Uff" (the slightest gesture of annoyance), nor shall you shout at them; you shall treat them amicably." (Qur'an 17:23)
  • 9. "....anyone who murders any person who had not committed murder or horrendous crimes, it shall be as if he murdered all the people." (Qur'an 5:32)
    "You shall not commit adultery; it is a gross sin, and an evil behaviour." (Qur'an 17:32)
    "The thief, male or female, you shall cut off their handsas a punishment for their crime, and to serve as an example from God. God is Almighty, Most Wise." (Qur'an 5:38)
    "Do not withhold any testimony by concealing what you had witnessed. Anyone who withholds a testimony is sinful at heart." (Qur'an 2:283)
    "And do not covet what we bestowed upon any other people. Such are temporary ornaments of this life, whereby we put them to the test. What your Lord provides for you is far better, and everlasting." (Qur'an 20:131)
  • 10. Original Sin
    Original sin is, according to a doctrine proposed in Christian theology, humanity's state of sin resulting from the Fall of Man.
    Those who uphold this doctrine look to the teaching of Paul the Apostle in Romans 5:12-21 and 1 Corinthians 15:22 for its scriptural base.
    The doctrine is not found in other Abrahamic religions, which are Judaism and Islam.
  • 11.
  • 12. In Genesis, the first book of the Bibles, God creates Adam and Eve, the first man and woman, in His own image. God places them in the Garden of Eden and forbids them to eat fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil (often symbolized in art and literature as an apple tree). The serpent persuades Eve to eat fruit from the forbidden tree. Eve shares the fruit with Adam and they immediately become ashamed of their nakedness. God consequently expelled them from paradise.
  • 13. The Catechism of the Catholic Church says:
    By his sin Adam, as the first man, lost the original holiness and justice he had received from God, not only for himself but for all humans. Adam and Eve transmitted to their descendants human nature wounded by their own first sin and hence deprived of original holiness and justice; this deprivation is called "original sin". As a result of original sin, human nature is weakened in its powers, subject to ignorance, suffering and the domination of death, and inclined to sin.
  • 14. Islamic view of the Original Sin
    The Qur'an includes a version of the biblical story of the fall of Adam, but it does not conclude from it the doctrine of original sin. In the Quranic version of the story, Adam and Eve begged God's forgiveness and he punished them with a mortal life on earth but added, "from it you will be taken out at last". Since Allah forgave the sins of the first pair, Muslims believe, all are born in a natural state of submission to Allah.
  • 15. Thirteen Principles of Faith
    Neither the Bible nor the Talmud offers a systematic list of Judaism's dogmas.
    Saadiah Gaon (882-942) was the first significant Jewish thinker to compile such a list, but the major figure was Maimonides (1135-1204), whose Thirteen Principles of Faith is still the most well known list of Jewish beliefs.
  • 16. 1) God exists
    2) God is a perfect unity
    3) God has no physical body
    4) God preceded all being
    5) God alone is to be the object of worship
    6) God speaks to humans through prophets
    7) Moses will never be surpassed as a prophet
    8) The Torah is from heaven
    9) The Torah is eternal
    10) God is all-knowing
    11) God rewards good and punishes transgression
    12) The Messiah will redeem Israel
    13) The dead will be resurrected
  • 17.
  • 18. Apostles’ Creed
    The Apostles' Creed, sometimes titled Symbol of the Apostles, is an early statement of Christian belief, which was based on Christian theological understanding of the Canonical gospels, the letters of the New Testament and to a lesser extent the Old Testament.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21. Six Articles of Belief
    In the Hadith of Gabriel, the Islamic prophet Muhammad explains, "Faith is to affirm your faith in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day, and to believe in the Divine Destiny whether it be good or bad."
  • 22. 1. Belief in God (Allah), the one and only one worthy of all worship (tawhid).
    2. Belief in the Angels (mala'ika).
    3. Belief in the Books (kutub) sent by Allah[1] (including the Qurʾān).
    4. Belief in all the Messengers (rusul) sent by Allah
    5. Belief in the Day of Judgment (qiyama) and in the Resurrection (life after death).
    6. Belief in Destiny (Fate) (qadar).
  • 23.
  • 25. The vast majority of Muslims do not condone terrorism, including suicide attacks, as suicide is a major sin in Islam. However, Islamists consider suicide as not just legitimate, but highly commendable when undertaken for reasons of jihad (holy war).
    Going into war knowing that one will die, they argue, is not suicide but heroic martyrdom, a much-praised form of self-sacrifice in the path of God, a way to win the eternal affection of the 72 virgins in paradise.
  • 26. ''I am very happy and proud of what my son did and, frankly, am a bit jealous,'' says Hassan Hotari, father of the young man who carried out an attack outside a disco in Tel Aviv. It was Israel's worst suicide bombing in nearly four years. ''I wish I had done it. My son has fulfilled the Prophet's wishes. He has become a hero! Tell me, what more could a father ask?'‘
  • 27. GOD!
    Protect me
    from your