Cities and the future of humanity

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Lecture given to architecture department undergrads at Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea on April 29, 2009

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Cities and the future of humanity

  1. 1. Cities: The Future of Humanity a love/hate relationship with cities 2009.04.29 _np
  2. 2. Index 01 Introduction 02 Cities 03 Scale 04 The Plan 05 Relevancy 2
  3. 3. Introduction 3
  4. 4. Why me? Bangkok Paris Hanoi Washington DC Seoul New York London 4
  5. 5. Why me? Urban Technology Architecture Strategy Consulting 5
  6. 6. Cities 6
  7. 7. City Stats 2006 50% of world population live in cities 7
  8. 8. City Stats 1 billion Live in informal settlements 8
  9. 9. City Stats 20-15 400 million/year million Move to cities in China Needing new housing in China in next 15 years 9
  10. 10. City Stats 70% CO2 produced by cities 10
  11. 11. City Stats 101 Metropolitan Areas 11
  12. 12. City Stats 12
  13. 13. What is a city? 13
  14. 14. What is a city? What is your favorite city? Why? 13
  15. 15. What is a city? What is your favorite city? Why? Why do you like Seoul? Why do you hate Seoul? 13
  16. 16. What is a city? What is your favorite city? Why? Why do you like Seoul? Why do you hate Seoul? What makes a good city? 13
  17. 17. Why cities? Stewart Brand, TED 2006 14
  18. 18. Why cities? Stewart Brand, TED 2006 14
  19. 19. Why cities? More than 50% of the World’s population live in cities. Why? • Economy mobility • Opportunity • Security • Excitement 15
  20. 20. Why cities? More than 50% of the World’s population live in cities. Why? • Economy mobility • Opportunity = Hope • Security • Excitement 15
  21. 21. Scale 16
  22. 22. Issues of Scale Charles & Ray Eames, Powers of Ten, 1977 17
  23. 23. Issues of Scale Charles & Ray Eames, Powers of Ten, 1977 17
  24. 24. Elements to a city Many elements comprising the city: • Socio-Economics (population, industry, agriculture, density, poverty, equity etc, etc) • Infrastructure (roads, transportation, water supply, waste treatment, drainage, electricity, green space etc) • Housing & settlement • Urban management (master planning, cultural & heritage, environment, disaster, etc.) • Regulation (zoning, urban design guidelines, etc.) • Administration / Politics • Events (Olympics, Expo...) 18
  25. 25. Issues of scale 19
  26. 26. Issues of scale 4.1km x 830m = 3.4km2 19
  27. 27. Issues of scale Hanoi 3300 km2 3300 Seoul 600 km2 3300 2 Yeouido 8.4 km 3300 Bundang 70 km2 2 Central Park 3.4 km 3300 2 Yeouido Park 0.23 km 3300 20
  28. 28. What scale? The scale determines the type of relationship: • Building • Neighborhood • Village/Town • Region • Country • Continent • World 21
  29. 29. What scale? National • National policy Regional (1:10,000 - 25,000) • Population distribution and density General (1:5,000) • Road network, infrastructure, Green space Detailed (1:500 - 2,000) • Urban design / architectural design 22
  30. 30. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  31. 31. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  32. 32. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  33. 33. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  34. 34. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  35. 35. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  36. 36. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  37. 37. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  38. 38. The Plan 24
  39. 39. What’s the plan, Stan? City Vision Goal 1. Smart Growth New York A Greener, Greater 2. Revitalization Urban Infrastructure (PlaNYC 2030) New York 3. Counter Global Warming 1. Long term economic growth London Sustainable 2. Share in London’s future success (London Plan 2008) World City 3. Improve environment 1. A sustainable, compact structure. Vancouver Livability 2. Diverse & affordable housing choices. (Comprehensive Pl & 3. A strong, diverse regional economy an 2040) Sustainability 4. Protect the region’s natural assets. 5. A sustainable transportation system. 1. Sustainable city 2. Energizing city Rotterdam The World Capital of (Rotterdam Climzat 3. Sustainable mobility e Initiative Plan) CO2-free energy 4. Innovation lab 5. Sustainable energy port 25
  40. 40. What’s the plan, Stan? City Vision Goal 1. A more compact city Melbourne (M 2. Network with the regional cities elbourne Planning f Livable, Attractive and 3. A greener city or Sustainable Gro Prosperous City wth 2030) 4. Better transport links 5. Better planning decision and management 1. Increase of City Competitiveness A Clean, Attractive Seoul 2. A City of Culture and Environment & (Vision 2020) 3. A City of Creative Economy Global City 4. A Welfare City 1. International financial center. 2. Efficient city sturcture. Kuala Lumpur (Kuala Lumpur A World Class City 3. Enhance living environment. Plan 2020) 4. Distinctive identity 5. Efficientive governance. 1. People-centered development Bangkok New Bangkok City 2. Healthy city (Bangkok City Plan 2011) Livable City 3. Education development 4. Culture driven development 26
  41. 41. What’s the Plan, Stan? 27
  42. 42. What’s the Plan, Stan? Livable 27
  43. 43. What’s the Plan, Stan? Livable Global 27
  44. 44. What’s the Plan, Stan? Livable Global Green 27
  45. 45. Washington DC 28
  46. 46. Washington DC 29
  47. 47. Washington DC 30
  48. 48. Washington DC 31
  49. 49. Washington DC 32
  50. 50. London 33
  51. 51. London 34
  52. 52. London 35
  53. 53. London 36
  54. 54. London 37
  55. 55. London 38
  56. 56. Seoul 39
  57. 57. Seoul 40
  58. 58. Seoul 41
  59. 59. Seoul 42
  60. 60. Seoul 43
  61. 61. Seoul 44
  62. 62. So what? 45
  63. 63. So what? Each generation faces unique challenges: • Industrial revolution • Reconstruction after World War • Threat of nuclear war • Energy crisis • Climate change • Cities are a solution as much as a problem 46
  64. 64. World Bank “New thinking about cities has led to a paradigm shift in the way we move forward in the coming decade. While urbanization was once criticized as being unmanageable and counter productive, it is now considered a key element in promoting economic growth, if well managed. In many countries, cities are leading the way in innovations and responses to global development challenges, including climate change, energy efficiency, and economic development.” 47
  65. 65. Issues of Sustainability Sustainability Environmental Cultural Social Economic 48
  66. 66. UN-HABITAT 49
  67. 67. UN-HABITAT 49
  68. 68. UN-HABITAT City is the future of humanity. Cities are where the fate of humanity will be fought. 49
  69. 69. Conclusion 50
  70. 70. The Message Think Globally Act Locally 51
  71. 71. Thank you. 
 

 



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