1. Features of Democracy
In a democracy the final decision making power must rest
with those who elected by the people.
A democracy must be based on a free and fair election
where those currently in power have a fair chance of
In a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote
and each vote must have one value.
A democratic government rules within limits sets by
constitutional law and citizen’s right.
The opposition parties are allowed to function freely
before and after the elections.
The democratic governments are based on fundamental
principles of political equality.
2. Merits of Democracy
Legal form of the Government
3. Merits of Democracy
Freedom to choose the Heads
Quality of decision making
Deal with differences and conflicts
No permanent loser/winner
Enhances the dignity of the citizens
4. Demerits of Democracy
Success or failure depends on the voter
Cannot meet emergencies
Leaders keep changing in a democracy. This leads
A dictatorship consists of rule by one person or a
group of people.
A dictatorship is a body of government where total
control and dominance lies with a small group of
people or one person.
A leader takes control over the gov’t and has total
6. Merits of Dictatorship
Efficient in war time
Less Room for Corruption
"Things Happen" Quickly
7. Demerits of Dictatorship
No fundamental rights
Enemy of international peace
Dictatorship spreads war and aggression
Force and violence
8. Democracy vs Dictatorship
Stability of the Government
Rights of the People
9. Democratic Non Democratic
elect their rulers and
have right in decision
The parliament is a
separate body and has
no interference of
People don not elect
their rulers and have
no right in decision
The parliament cannot
pass a law about the
army without the
consent of the chief of
10. Situation around the World
INDIA : India is said to be the most successful
From its inception , there has not any Military take
over of government.
But it has been facing with the problems of
corruption and rigging in the elections , even the
literacy rate in the urban sector is much higher
than in Pakistan.
11. Arabian and African Muslim Estates: Many of the Arabian
and African Muslim countries has been controlled by
In a past few years , revelotution rose against dictators in
Egypt , Iran and Libiya
These types of riots has been proved extremely
dangerous for the economy.
Due to these , these countries got depend upon the
foreign grants and funds.
12. Case Study : Pakistan
From the inception of Pakistan , there has been
the conflictions between the military and civil
For about 30 years in history, we had dictator
Pakistan is a democratic country.
13. Dictatorial Regimes in Pakistan
Field Marshal Ayub Khan’s Regime
He ruled for about ten years(1958-1969)
His regime is said to be Industrial and
Most developed decade in the History of
Capital was raised to Rs. 4.7 billion and
GDP was raised to 6.8%
Pakistan was self sufficient in industrial
14. General Zia ul Haq’s Regime
In 1977, Zia ul Haq over threw Zulfiqar Ali
Bhutto’s government and declared
Marshal Law .
Government was blamed for the rigging in
General Elections 1977
Zia regime lasts for about ten years when
he died in the plane crash in 1988
15. Like Ayub era , many industrial and
agricultural reforms were introduced.
Pakistan started its Nuclear Program and
Zia was able to stand against external
Military was made more strong and
16. From 2000 to 2008, again this was the era
Gen Musharraf afterward declared himself
as the President of Pakistan.
This era is known to be most economical
era, as many of the major industries were
17. Musharraf policies and American support
by him lead the country towards the
serious threads of Terrorism
Dictatorial nature of Musharraf raised
national aggression against himself.
Suspension of CJ Supreme
Court, allowance of Americans to use
Pakistan against Afghanistan were some
18. So what should then we do ???
Democracy is better than other forms of government
because it allows us to correct its own mistakes.
19. As democracy is the best form of government
, so it should be appreciated as well as
Our duty is to nominate and elect the most
competent person .
We should maintain a peaceful and administrative
atmosphere in the country , even if going to
criticize the government over any issue .
20. Military and law enforcement departments should
ensure the fair and rigging-free elections in the
No one should have exemption facing the Judiciary.
Citizens should have awareness.