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Unit #3 & Unit #4 (Part 1) Student VersionPresentation Transcript
Unit #3: The Making of U.S. Foreign Policy & the Role of the U.S. in the World
Foreign Policy Key Players in the Obama Administration – Robert Gates Secretary of Defense Hillary Clinton Secretary of State Joe Biden Vice President James Jones National Security Advisor Leon Panetta CIA Director
UNIT #4: Defense and National Security issues What is national security? What policies should a nation pursue to achieve and maintain national security?
An Economic Superpower … The U.S. is the world’s richest nation, with the world’s largest economy . Ranks first in total GDP (about 18% of the world’s GDP).
A Military Superpower… The U.S. is the world’s most powerful nation. Strongest military the world has ever known –both in absolute terms and relative to other nations.
U.S. defense spending almost equals the defense spending of all other nations combined!
Only the U.S. has a global military presence -- with far more forces stationed overseas than any other nation.
U.S Military Interventions Since 1945
Strong commitment to preserving way of life = national resolve! Democracy allows for most freedoms in world (speech, think, worship, act) An Ideological/Cultural Superpower…
A Cultural Superpower…
The U.S.’s Role in the World 1. In the past 20 years there has been a unipolar system – global system dominated by one powerful state How is this different from multipolar & bipolar worlds? What is the world today?
The U.S. is often described as a global hegemon.
Common way of describing U.S. dominance. a powerful country who dominates smaller, weaker countries within its sphere of influence What’s a sphere of influence? Area of the world in which one state is the dominant power either culturally, economically, politically, or militarily HOW BIG IS THE U.S. SPHERE OF INFLUENCE?
National Security Definition –the protection of the interests and citizens of a country Common Security Interests of Nations Protecting national borders Maintaining relations with allies Ensuring the safety of citizens
Importance of Alliances What are alliances? - formal agreements between two or more nations to protect each other in case of attack
Importance of Alliances Why do nations form alliances? Does that mean they join because they want what’s best for others? – for mutual protection and support of common interests -No, they usually are looking out for their own SELF-INTERESTS
NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization Formed in 1949 as response to threat of Soviet invasion of Western Europe after WWII In this time period, NATO formed to stop Soviet expansion and the spread of communism – policy of containment Today, NATO pledges to ensure freedom & security of all member countries