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Unit #3 & Unit #4 (Part 1) Student Version
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Unit #3 & Unit #4 (Part 1) Student Version


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  • TRANSITION: We said earlier we dominate the world, but how so? What makes us so powerful as a country and people?
  • One of the most prosperous nations in the worldAbundance of resourcesFree enterprise allows people to be risk takersDiverse & stable (I think) economy
  • Strongest military in worldAdvanced military technologyLarge arsenal of nuclear weapons
  • TRANSITION: So we know our strengths that make us powerful but how exactly do we fit into the world, what really is our role?
  • TRANSITION-So we are the most powerful country in the world, how do we maintain that power or #1 ranking = well its making sure we are secure, protecting our national security!Examples Illegal immigration, terrorists getting into U.S.Keep up good ties with Europe, don’t want countries looking to others for influence & helpKeep country safe & laws in tact
  • Alliance – formal agreements between two or more nations to protect each other in case of attack
  • Why? – for mutual protection and support of common interestsWhether it’s military or economicNo, they usually are looking out for their own SELF-INTERESTS
  • Explain to students that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed in 1949 as a response to the threat of Soviet invasion of Western Europe after World War II. NATO was, and still is, a European defense coalition, an alliance of countries pledged to ensure the freedom and security of all member countries. Using a map, show and explain to the class how the Soviet Union occupied the nations of Eastern Europe as its army moved toward Berlin to bring an end to Nazi rule of Germany in 1945. After the war ended, Great Britain and the United States demanded that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin pull his troops out of Eastern Europe. Fearing another attack by Germany, Stalin kept his troops in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary, and Communist governments were imposed on these nations. 4. Explain to students that, at this time in history, many people believed that the Soviet Union was determined to impose its style of communism on the entire world. The Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe seemed to give support to this suspicion. American foreign policy under President Truman and later presidential administrations was shaped to act as a counterbalance to the possibility of a Soviet takeover in Europe and communist revolution in other places in the world. This effort to stop Soviet expansion and the spread of communism was known as thepolicy of containment.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Unit #3: The Making of U.S. Foreign Policy & the Role of the U.S. in the World
    • 2. Foreign Policy Key Players in the Obama Administration –
      Robert Gates
      Secretary of Defense
      Hillary Clinton
      Secretary of State
      Joe Biden
      Vice President
      James Jones
      National Security Advisor
      Leon Panetta
      CIA Director
    • 3. UNIT #4: Defense and National Security issues
      What is national security?
      What policies should a nation pursue to achieve and maintain national security?
    • 4. A Global Superpower …
      • The U.S. is a
      superpower today.
      • Economically
      • 5. Militarily
      • 6. Ideologically/Culturally
    • An Economic Superpower …
      The U.S. is the world’s
      richest nation, with
      the world’s largest
      economy .
      Ranks first in total
      GDP (about 18% of the
      world’s GDP).
    • 7.
    • 8. A Military Superpower…
      The U.S. is the world’s most
      powerful nation.
      Strongest military the
      world has ever known –both
      in absolute terms and relative
      to other nations.
    • 9. U.S. defense spending almost equals the defense spending of all other nations combined!
    • 10.
    • 11. Only the U.S. has a global military presence -- with far more forces stationed overseas than any other nation.
    • 12. U.S Military Interventions Since 1945
    • 13. Strong commitment to preserving way of life = national resolve!
      Democracy allows for most freedoms in world (speech, think, worship, act)
      An Ideological/Cultural Superpower…
    • 14. A Cultural Superpower…
    • 15. The U.S.’s Role in the World
      1. In the past 20 years there has been a unipolar system – global system dominated by one powerful state
      How is this different from multipolar & bipolar worlds?
      What is the world today?
    • 16. American Hegemony
      • The U.S. is often described as a global hegemon.
      Common way of describing U.S. dominance.
      a powerful country who dominates smaller, weaker countries within its sphere of influence
      What’s a sphere of influence?
      Area of the world in which one state
      is the dominant power either culturally,
      economically, politically, or militarily
    • 17. National Security
      Definition –the protection of the interests and citizens of a country
      Common Security Interests of Nations
      Protecting national borders
      Maintaining relations with allies
      Ensuring the safety of citizens
    • 18. Importance of Alliances
      What are alliances?
      - formal agreements between two or more nations to protect each other in case of attack
    • 19. Importance of Alliances
      Why do nations form alliances?
      Does that mean they join because they want what’s best for others?
      – for mutual protection and support of common interests
      -No, they usually are looking out for their own SELF-INTERESTS
    • 20. NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization
      Formed in 1949 as response to threat of Soviet invasion of Western Europe after WWII
      In this time period, NATO formed to stop Soviet expansion and the spread of communism – policy of containment
      Today, NATO pledges to ensure freedom & security of all member countries