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3 ewaste programghananetherlandsnov2010 john pwamang epa






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    3 ewaste programghananetherlandsnov2010 john pwamang epa 3 ewaste programghananetherlandsnov2010 john pwamang epa Presentation Transcript

    • E-waste Programmes in Ghana
      • Presented at the International E-waste Collaboration (Ghana – Netherlands)
      • By:
      • John A. Pwamang, Director, Chemicals Control and Management Centre, EPA-Ghana
      • Cindy Badoe, Deputy Director, Built Environment Department EPA-Ghana
    • Presentation outline
      • Introduction
      • The e-waste situation in Ghana
      • Programmes aimed at addressing the problem
      • Draft Strategy for Control and Management of E-Waste in Ghana
    • Introduction
      • The international trade in second hand goods has led to massive imports of near end-of –life electrical and electronic equipment into Ghana and other developing countries in Africa and Asia
      • These near end-of-life equipment become waste within a short time
      • E-waste has therefore become one of the major waste management challenges in Ghana
    • E-waste situation in Ghana (1)
      • The legal framework on importation of second hand goods is incapable of controlling the influx of end-of-life and near-end-life electrical and electronic equipment
      • A lot of E-waste are generated locally by various institutions, repair shops, industries and households due power fluctuations in the country and other factors, reducing the lifespan equipment.
      • There are no formal E-waste collection systems and the informal sector use “push cart boys” who move long distances within the city to collect E-waste
    • E-waste situation in Ghana (2)
      • Recycling is done predominantly by the informal sector using crude methods leading serious adverse health and environmental effects
      • Some E-wastes are also indiscriminately disposed leading to pollution of water bodies and contamination of soil.
    • Statement of the Probl e m (1)
      • Lack of coordinated approach for collection, transport, storage and disposal of e-waste.
      • Difficulty in establishing the key players engaged in the informal trade and recovery of materials from e-waste.
      • Data on the adverse impacts of e-waste on human health and the environment is limited
    • Statement of the Probl e m (2)
      • Lack of controls of imports of used electrical and electronic equipment
      • Education and awareness creation programmes are inadequate
      • Inadequate facilities for final disposal of the hazardous portions of E-waste
    • Statement of the Probl e m (3)
      • Lack of knowledge and skills in proper sorting and collection of E-waste
      • No guidance manuals to provide a framework or basis for national plans to address e-waste
      • Lack of policies and legislative framework to address current e-waste problems.
      • No comprehensive collection and recycling services for e-waste
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    • Recovered wires 11/02/10
    • Dumping on the banks of Korle Lagoon, Accra 11/02/10
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    • The Ghana E-Waste Programme
      • To conduct an assessment of the country situation of e-waste, develop national policies for re-use, repair, refurbishment and recycling and capacity building to implement these policies.
      • To support national and local initiatives to divert end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment from dumping towards sustainable re-use and recycling operations to protect human health and the environment.
      • To raise public awareness on the environmentally sound management of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment.
    • Ghana Netherlands Cooperation (1)
      • The VROM-Inspectorate (VI-Netherlands), EPA-Ghana, CEPS-Ghana, GPHA-Ghana signed a Joint Work Programme on 2 nd April 2009 to collaborate to improve and facilitate enforcement and compliance and to prevent import and dumping of e-waste into Ghana.
      • Provides for a structure for information exchange between EPA, CEPS, GPHA and VI to guarantee the mutual understanding of Ghanaian and Dutch legislation and working procedures.
      • The cooperation also seeks to improve collection and recycling of E-waste in Ghana
    • Ghana Netherlands Cooperation (2)
      • Conducted a feasibility study on the possibilities for setting up recycling of e-waste (through private-public partnership) and reducing environmental harm of E-waste in Ghana.
      • A delegation of Ghanaian officials from EPA, CEPS and GPHA visited the Netherlands from 26-30 May 2009
      • The delegation visited Mirec at Eindhoven (an e-waste processing company), offices of Dutch Customs, the Ministry of VROM and the ports of Amsterdam and Rotterdam
    • Ghana Netherlands Cooperation (3)
      • The delegation also met the President of the NVMP - the Dutch Association for the Disposal of Metal and Electrical Products, and discussed a visit to Ghana and the intention of the NVMP to finance a study on e-waste management in Ghana
      • The visit facilitated exchange of information on procedures and practices concerning the enforcement of transboundary waste trade.
      • The Ghanaian Minister also visited the Netherlands and held discussions with her Dutch counterpart on assistance of the Dutch Ministry to the Ghanaian Ministry.
    • The E-Waste Africa Project (1)
      • To improve the level of information available on flows of e-waste and e-products being imported to West African countries and other countries to improve decision-making.
      • To increase the capacity of parties to the Basel Convention in West Africa to manage e-waste and end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment at the national level and prepare national environmentally sound management plans.
    • The E-Waste Africa Project (2)
      • To study the feasibility of establishing environmentally sound materials recovery operations and promoting ESM in the context of the Basel Convention in a major informal e-waste recycling area in Africa (Ghana Netherlands collaboration)
      • To enhance the capacity of Parties to the Basel Convention to monitor and control transboundary movements of e-waste and prevent illegal traffic.
    • Other E-waste Related Interventions
      • Green Advocacy (Ghana) and Blacksmith Institute of the USA – Conducting studies on health and environmental impacts of e-waste recycling at Agbogbloshie-Accra
      • Philips Electronics – Focusing on recycling of Scrap Lead Acid Batteries
      • UNODC – Container Control Programme
      • Raw Materials Group of Sweden – Looking at training of informal sector operators on improved E-waste recycling
      • CHF International of Switzerland – Training on E-Waste recovery methods, health and safety and developing of E-waste Guidelines
      • Interpol – Collaboration on control of exports of E-wastes
    • Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (1)
      • Policy & Legislation
      • Domestication of Chemicals and Waste Related Conventions in National Law
      • Technical Committee on Waste Shipment Prevention (TCWSP)
      • Adoption of EU WEEE Guidelines
      • Extended Producer Responsibility
      • Mandatory Registration of E-Waste Recycling Companies/Scrap Dealers
    • Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (2)
      • Business & Financing
      • Consult with major manufacturers and local dealers of electrical and electronic equipment on implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility in Ghana
      • Establish e-waste fund to finance e-waste programmes. Adopt economic instruments including fees on new and used electrical and electronic equipment to feed the e-waste management fund.
      • Mandatory registration and licensing of scrap dealers could facilitate their access to credit
    • Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (3)
      • Technology & Skills
      • Design and build a demonstration centre to promote improved e-waste dismantling and refurbishment
      • Develop facility for the temporary storage of hazardous components of e-waste (e.g. CRTs, etc.) and other hazardous wastes and arrange for final disposal in an environmentally sound manner.
      • Develop section of an existing waste disposal site to receive some of the hazardous components of e-waste and other hazardous wastes.
    • Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (4)
      • Technology and Skills Continued
      • Establish collection centres (to be managed by interested/qualified members of the scrap dealers/refurbishers associations) to be located at various vantage points in the country
      • Promote establishment of community based recycling centres
      • Train e-scrap recycling operators on health and safety
      • Seek collaboration with E-waste recycling companies in the Netherlands and other developed countries to receive and process some E-Waste fractions from Ghana (e.g. Mother boards)
    • Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (5)
      • Marketing, Awareness and Education
      • Hold consultations with of scrap dealers, refurbishers and key stakeholders on draft e-waste management strategy and prepare implementation plans for various components
      • Continue to investigate the environmental and health impacts of current e-waste practices
      • Hold sensitization programmes for policy-makers (e.g. Parliamentary Select Committee on Environment, Science and Technology), to promote the promulgation of legislation on control and management of e-waste and other hazardous waste.
    • Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (6)
      • Marketing, Awareness and Education continued
      • Design and implement public awareness/information campaigns
      • Design and implement information and training programmes for informal e-waste operators on environmentally sound collection, transportation, storage and dismantling e-wastes. Use a train-the-trainer approach to ensure that many informal operators benefit from the training.
      • Use the print and electronic media to increase public awareness on the e-waste challenge
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