Towards Outcome Based Learning: An Engineering Education Case Jad Najjar,  Tomaž Klobučar, Anh Vu Nguyen-Ngoc, Michael Tot...
Community and Contributers!
Overview <ul><li>Background and motivation for outcome-based education </li></ul><ul><li>Formulation of learning outcomes ...
Context: outcome based education What you will know, understand, and be able to do. Genius Diagnostician HR Manager World ...
Learning outcomes <ul><li>A learning outcome is a statement of what a learner is expected to know, understand or be able t...
Types of learning outcomes Formulating learning outcomes Knowledge The outcome of the assimilation of information through ...
Intended vs. achieved learning outcomes <ul><li>The teacher defines the  intended  learning outcomes for a learning opport...
Sentence structure of intended learning outcomes <ul><li>An intended learning outcome is formulated as a sentence that fol...
Examples of learning outcomes and their type <ul><li>Students are able to … </li></ul><ul><li>… explain the seven layers o...
Specifications in Focus  <ul><li>Learning Outcomes (IEEE RCD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe and manage Learning Outcome D...
Metadata for Learning Outcomes <ul><li>Describes the characteristics of a learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Enable stora...
<ul><li>Indexed large set of learning outcomes </li></ul>http://oics.icoper.org/LOD/ 21st Century Engineer (NSF project)
Sources Learning Outcomes  <ul><li>OpenLearn (OUUK) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All courses have defined learning outcomes </li>...
Metadata for Learning Opportunities  <ul><li>Describe an opportunity a learner can follow </li></ul><ul><li>Enables publis...
<ul><li>Generate MLO Instances </li></ul>http://oics.icoper.org/MLO/ <ul><li>Course catalogs </li></ul><ul><li>Local XML f...
Metadata for Personal Achievements <ul><li>Represent information on achieved/required/desired learning outcomes of a learn...
Generated PALO Data Models and standards <ul><li>Data collected across systems </li></ul><ul><li>ATOM/RSS feeds </li></ul>...
ICOPER concept model Teaching methods and learning designs Sharable Educational Resources Learning Outcome Learning Conten...
Open ICOPER Content Space (OICS) <ul><li>Distributed architecture for  interoperable  services and repositories for storin...
Applications Learning outcomes Teaching methods & Learning designs Assessment Learning opportunites Learning content OpenG...
Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Enrich learning opportunities with ...
Enrich Learning Opportunities with learning outcomes
Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design  Imp...
LODs and Learning Design
Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design  Imp...
Import Outcome-based Learning Design http://develix.iml.umu.se/moodle/
Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design  Imp...
Learning and tracking of achievements…….
Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design  Imp...
View achieved learning outcomes and recommendations of content and peers
Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design  Imp...
Find/repurpose Learning Opportunities  for Corporate training
Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design  Imp...
Evaluation <ul><li>Target group </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Programme managers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty m...
Recommendations and Future Directions <ul><li>Adopt standards and put them in real practice </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exte...
<ul><li>http://icoper.org </li></ul>Dr. Jad Najjar [email_address] www.najjar.be Thanks.. Bedankt..  ش كراً
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ICOPER - Learning Outcomes and Competences - Educon2011

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  • MD
  • MD
  • MD
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  • MD
  • Jad
  • Practical examples from my project on competency descriptions. How competency is used and operationalised.
  • Practical examples from my project on competency descriptions. How competency is used and operationalised.
  • MD
  • What parts are mature, and ready for pre-standardisation. Where are the gaps, and need for more knowledge - would be input for research project calls.
  • What parts are mature, and ready for pre-standardisation. Where are the gaps, and need for more knowledge - would be input for research project calls.
  • ICOPER - Learning Outcomes and Competences - Educon2011

    1. 1. Towards Outcome Based Learning: An Engineering Education Case Jad Najjar, Tomaž Klobučar, Anh Vu Nguyen-Ngoc, Michael Totschnig, Franz Müller , Bernd Simon, Mikael Karlsson, Henning Eriksson Vienna University of Business and Economics, Austria
    2. 2. Community and Contributers!
    3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Background and motivation for outcome-based education </li></ul><ul><li>Formulation of learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Models and standards for learning outcomes and opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome-based Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for stakeholders </li></ul>
    4. 4. Context: outcome based education What you will know, understand, and be able to do. Genius Diagnostician HR Manager World class researcher Astronaut
    5. 5. Learning outcomes <ul><li>A learning outcome is a statement of what a learner is expected to know, understand or be able to do as a result of a learning process ― European Qualification Framework for Lifelong Learning (EQF) </li></ul><ul><li>Why learning outcomes? </li></ul>Formulating learning outcomes Mobility Employability Portability ALIGNMENT Learning outcomes Teaching methods Workload (ECTS) Assessment
    6. 6. Types of learning outcomes Formulating learning outcomes Knowledge The outcome of the assimilation of information through learning. Skills The ability to apply knowledge and use know-how to complete tasks and solve problems. Competence (personal and professional) The proven ability to use knowledge, skills and personal, social and/or methodological abilities . proven ability to use ability to apply Personal, social and/or methodological abilities Learning outcomes
    7. 7. Intended vs. achieved learning outcomes <ul><li>The teacher defines the intended learning outcomes for a learning opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher assesses and learners demonstrate the achievement of intended learning outcomes </li></ul>Formulating learning outcomes
    8. 8. Sentence structure of intended learning outcomes <ul><li>An intended learning outcome is formulated as a sentence that follows a basic structure: </li></ul>enumerate the most influential politicians of the 20th century Learners are able to Verb Object Describes intended (cognitive) process Describes what students are expected to acquire or construct Formulating learning outcomes Example: Learners are able to What type of learning outcome is this?
    9. 9. Examples of learning outcomes and their type <ul><li>Students are able to … </li></ul><ul><li>… explain the seven layers of the ISO/OSI Reference Model </li></ul><ul><li>… enumerate the most influential politicians of the 20th century </li></ul><ul><li>… design an interactive website that complies with Web Accessibility Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>… filter out relevant literature for a given research problem. </li></ul><ul><li>… guide their team mates in improving the architectural model of a system. </li></ul><ul><li>… moderate a virtual task-force meeting </li></ul>Formulating learning outcomes Knowledge Skills Competence
    10. 10. Specifications in Focus <ul><li>Learning Outcomes (IEEE RCD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe and manage Learning Outcome Definitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICOPER LOD AP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Opportunities (CEN MLO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publish metadata of learning opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICOPER MLO APP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal Achievements (new spec.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe and share information on learners/teacher achieved learning outcomes and associated evidence, level and context data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Achieved Learning Outcomes (ICOPER PALO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backbone for a new CEN specification </li></ul></ul>Models and standards
    11. 11. Metadata for Learning Outcomes <ul><li>Describes the characteristics of a learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Enable storage, referencing, sharing Learning outcomes data </li></ul>Models and standards Explain characteristics of human-centered design methods knowledge ICOPER LOD APP IEEE RCD
    12. 12. <ul><li>Indexed large set of learning outcomes </li></ul>http://oics.icoper.org/LOD/ 21st Century Engineer (NSF project)
    13. 13. Sources Learning Outcomes <ul><li>OpenLearn (OUUK) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All courses have defined learning outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stored in IEEE LOM metadata classification category </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IEEE/ACM Computer Science Curricula (Task Force) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All course descriptions have learning outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PDF file </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used worldwide by many universities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>21st Century Engineer (NSF project) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>36 generic learning outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering domain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.ppt file </li></ul></ul><ul><li>European Computer Science Driving License (ECDL) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full list of learning outcomes per topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excel sheets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WU Vienna – Business Education study programme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local XML into LOD XML </li></ul></ul>Models and standards
    14. 14. Metadata for Learning Opportunities <ul><li>Describe an opportunity a learner can follow </li></ul><ul><li>Enables publishing metadata across universities/countries </li></ul>Models and standards ICOPER MLO APP
    15. 15. <ul><li>Generate MLO Instances </li></ul>http://oics.icoper.org/MLO/ <ul><li>Course catalogs </li></ul><ul><li>Local XML format </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation into ICOPER MLO XML </li></ul><ul><li>1000s instances </li></ul><ul><li>Want to produce MLO instances from your course catalogs?…Talk to us ;-) </li></ul>
    16. 16. Metadata for Personal Achievements <ul><li>Represent information on achieved/required/desired learning outcomes of a learner. Also teachers (taught outcomes) </li></ul><ul><li>Share data with LMSs, recruitment systems, social applications </li></ul>Models and standards ICOPER MLO APP ICOPER PALO
    17. 17. Generated PALO Data Models and standards <ul><li>Data collected across systems </li></ul><ul><li>ATOM/RSS feeds </li></ul><ul><li>Shared in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iGoogle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LMSs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. ICOPER concept model Teaching methods and learning designs Sharable Educational Resources Learning Outcome Learning Content TEACHING METHOD intended result of involves Stored in the OICS imple- ments instantiation of uses Learning Opportunity LEARNING DESIGN INSTRUCTIONAL MODEL is a is a Assessment Method is a imple- ments defines roles Learning Facilitator Learner is a Assessment Opportunity includes Assessment Design is a instantiation of uses
    19. 19. Open ICOPER Content Space (OICS) <ul><li>Distributed architecture for interoperable services and repositories for storing and accessing sharable educational resources and their metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Based on existing standards and specifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. LOM, SQI, SPI, Atom, OAI-PMH, SOAP, ... </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Applications Learning outcomes Teaching methods & Learning designs Assessment Learning opportunites Learning content OpenGLM author42 [email_address] LernXact dotLRN Facebook IMC Clix Moodle ELGG
    21. 21. Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Enrich learning opportunities with learning outcomes Customize instructional design Import instructional design to a course WUW LMS 1 2 6 5 4 3 GLM Moodle Moodle OICS 2know2.com Find and learn learning opportunity View learning outcome profile Find and manage learning opportunity
    22. 22. Enrich Learning Opportunities with learning outcomes
    23. 23. Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design Import instructional design to a course OICS 1 2 6 5 4 3 GLM Moodle Moodle OICS 2know2.com Find and learn learning opportunity View learning outcome profile Find and manage learning opportunity Enrich learning opportunities with learning outcomes
    24. 24. LODs and Learning Design
    25. 25. Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design Import instructional design to a course OICS 1 2 6 5 4 3 GLM Moodle Moodle OICS 2know2.com Find and learn learning opportunity View learning outcome profile Find and manage learning opportunity Enrich learning opportunities with learning outcomes
    26. 26. Import Outcome-based Learning Design http://develix.iml.umu.se/moodle/
    27. 27. Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design Import instructional design to a course OICS 1 2 6 5 4 3 GLM Moodle Moodle OICS 2know2.com Find and learn learning opportunity View learning outcome profile Find and manage learning opportunity Enrich learning opportunities with learning outcomes
    28. 28. Learning and tracking of achievements…….
    29. 29. Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design Import instructional design to a course OICS 1 2 6 5 4 3 GLM Moodle Moodle OICS Author42 2know2.com Find and learn learning opportunity View learning outcome profile Find and manage learning opportunity Enrich learning opportunities with learning outcomes
    30. 30. View achieved learning outcomes and recommendations of content and peers
    31. 31. Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design Import instructional design to a course OICS 1 2 6 5 4 3 GLM Moodle Moodle OICS Author42 2know2.com Find and learn learning opportunity View learning outcome profile Find and manage learning opportunity Enrich learning opportunities with learning outcomes
    32. 32. Find/repurpose Learning Opportunities for Corporate training
    33. 33. Workflow Instructional Designer Instructional Designer Teacher Learner Learner Learner Customize instructional design Import instructional design to a course OICS 1 2 6 5 4 3 GLM Moodle Moodle OICS Author42 2know2.com Find and learn learning opportunity View learning outcome profile Find and manage learning opportunity Enrich learning opportunities with learning outcomes
    34. 34. Evaluation <ul><li>Target group </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Programme managers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty members </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>learners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usability tests with predefined tasks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking learning outcomes to learning opportunities and learning designs was found innovative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools can help teachers focus on intended learning outcomes when creating/customizing courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making learning outcomes transparent to learners and is a strength </li></ul></ul>
    35. 35. Recommendations and Future Directions <ul><li>Adopt standards and put them in real practice </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extend when needed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make recommendations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Advise new specification when there is really no specification that fits your purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome-based functionalities should be implemented as easy to use extensions/plugins to exsiting LMS </li></ul><ul><li>Training is needed for quicker adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Make more learning outcomes available </li></ul><ul><li>Publish Learning Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Compare what is in job profiles and what is in learner achieved learning outcomes profile </li></ul>
    36. 36. <ul><li>http://icoper.org </li></ul>Dr. Jad Najjar [email_address] www.najjar.be Thanks.. Bedankt.. ش كراً

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