Climate changeClimate changeand Bangladeshand Bangladesh20502050 Naima ZakariaNaima ZakariaCo-executive Director AT-Large ...
How does climate change affectHow does climate change affectBangladesh?Bangladesh? understanding the basicsunderstanding ...
Focus on affectFocus on affect 30 million (world bank figure) environmental30 million (world bank figure) environmentalre...
Actors explain climate change through song and danceActors explain climate change through song and danceWhat the ministrie...
Urban areas and what can we do about Dhaka leviesUrban areas and what can we do about Dhaka leviesWhat about our capital a...
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that “the balance ofevidence suggests a discernible human i...
Fig. 2: Interactions of Six Factors of “Survival Hexagon”Making sense of it all and finding solution We can organize We ...
Identifying the strategic adaptations that should be considered by policy makersIdentifying the strategic adaptations that...
Effects of sea level riseEffects of sea level rise The rise of global seaThe rise of global sealevel by the end of AD 2050...
In the United States The National AssessmentIn the United States The National Assessmenton Climate Change (NACC) was a mas...
BibliographyBibliographyhttp://http://www.climatecrisis.netwww.climatecrisis.net//http://http://www.algore.orgwww.algore.o...
Expatriate Bangladeshi and American-BangladeshiExpatriate Bangladeshi and American-Bangladeshicommunity has the potential ...
Thank you !Thank you !check out www.changebangladesh.comcheck out www.changebangladesh.comBecome a lifetime memberBecome a...
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Climate change and bangladesh 2050

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Presentation at Twentieth Fobana 2006

20. ATLANA
Host: Bangladesh Association of Georgia
Date: Labor Day Weekend, September 1-3, 2006
Venue: Cobb Galleria Centre, Atlanta, GA
Convener: Jashim Uddin
Member Secretary: Mohammed Arefin Babulhttp://www.fobanaonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=126&Itemid=61

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Climate change and bangladesh 2050

  1. 1. Climate changeClimate changeand Bangladeshand Bangladesh20502050 Naima ZakariaNaima ZakariaCo-executive Director AT-Large (Co-executive Director AT-Large ( www.changebangladesh.comwww.changebangladesh.com
  2. 2. How does climate change affectHow does climate change affectBangladesh?Bangladesh? understanding the basicsunderstanding the basics What the ministries and groups are doingWhat the ministries and groups are doingabout climate change in Bangladeshabout climate change in Bangladeshbeside from just talking?beside from just talking? what must be in North America our actionwhat must be in North America our actionagenda as U.S. residents, citizens, andagenda as U.S. residents, citizens, andas expatriates on environmental refugeesas expatriates on environmental refugeesfrom Bangladeshfrom Bangladesh
  3. 3. Focus on affectFocus on affect 30 million (world bank figure) environmental30 million (world bank figure) environmentalrefugees in the next 50 years in Bangladeshrefugees in the next 50 years in Bangladesh oceans rise even 1 foot, 15% of the totaloceans rise even 1 foot, 15% of the totallandmass of Bangladesh,landmass of Bangladesh, significant amountssignificant amountsof land in the Bay of Bengal are going toof land in the Bay of Bengal are going todisappeardisappear The glaciers will disappear,The glaciers will disappear, leaving all of theleaving all of thesubcontinents major rivers dry.These rivers,subcontinents major rivers dry.These rivers,provide the vast majority of water to India,provide the vast majority of water to India,Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. (And glacialPakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. (And glacialwater also feeds China)water also feeds China) 40 percent of the worlds population is40 percent of the worlds population isdependent on water from the Himalayas.dependent on water from the Himalayas. TheTheretreat of the Himalayan glaciers is not aretreat of the Himalayan glaciers is not aprediction; its happening.prediction; its happening. The only question isThe only question iswhen the effects will start to kick in. But I wouldwhen the effects will start to kick in. But I wouldsay that even if it takes 100 years for the watersay that even if it takes 100 years for the watersupply to crash, its not too early to start doingsupply to crash, its not too early to start doingsomething about it.something about it.But heres the irony: in the short run, the rapidlyBut heres the irony: in the short run, the rapidlymelting glaciers may actually cause flooding inmelting glaciers may actually cause flooding inthe plains.the plains. the whole weather pattern could change ifthe whole weather pattern could change ifocean currents change as a result of risingocean currents change as a result of risingwater temperatures. The monsoon couldwater temperatures. The monsoon coulddisappear entirely (or it could double indisappear entirely (or it could double inintensity!). Theres not much to say about thisintensity!). Theres not much to say about this-- because no one really knows -- except that it-- because no one really knows -- except that itreminds us how little we really know aboutreminds us how little we really know aboutwhat is happening.what is happening.First thing first…The basics: Understanding Climate ChangeFirst thing first…The basics: Understanding Climate ChangeBangladesh is a LDC country the size of Wisconsin, bursting with aBangladesh is a LDC country the size of Wisconsin, bursting with apopulation nearly half that of the United Statespopulation nearly half that of the United States
  4. 4. Actors explain climate change through song and danceActors explain climate change through song and danceWhat the ministries and groups are doing about climateWhat the ministries and groups are doing about climatechange in Bangladesh beside from just talking?change in Bangladesh beside from just talking? Groups are trying to do advocacy byperforming arts. The GoB plans are difficult tounderstand which tell me there is littleplanned for 2050. We expatriates havea role to play here. www.nccbd.org‘ The site havedeveloped by the network named“Network on Climate Change,Bangladesh ( NCC,B )”. Civil society islukewarm active on this issue
  5. 5. Urban areas and what can we do about Dhaka leviesUrban areas and what can we do about Dhaka leviesWhat about our capital and other urban areas?What about our capital and other urban areas?
  6. 6. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that “the balance ofevidence suggests a discernible human influence on global climate”. The exact magnitude ofthe changes in the global climate is still uncertain and subject of worldwide scientific studies. Itis broadly recognized that Bangladesh is very vulnerable to these changes. Indeed, it hasinternationally been argued that Bangladesh, as a country, may suffer the most severe impactsfrom climate change.Bangladesh is highly vulnerable but why, because it is low-lying, located on the Bay of Bengal inthe delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna and densely populated. Its nationaleconomy strongly depends on agriculture and natural resources that are sensitive to climatechange and sea level rise.What can we do about the coming challenges?International opinion on climateInternational opinion on climatechangechange
  7. 7. Fig. 2: Interactions of Six Factors of “Survival Hexagon”Making sense of it all and finding solution We can organize We can advocate We can lobby northerngovernments, Congress in theUnited States We can set up EPZ styleeconomics zones where westand to lose land, help the localEconomy. We can move public policyin the direction that helps peopleCome out of poverty and buy theirway out. You can encourage your kidsto take up career paths consistentto what is needed for Bangladesh.
  8. 8. Identifying the strategic adaptations that should be considered by policy makersIdentifying the strategic adaptations that should be considered by policy makersand planners to strengthen the capacity of Bangladesh to deal with climate change.and planners to strengthen the capacity of Bangladesh to deal with climate change.Focus is on anticipatory, rather than on reactive adaptation. An anticipatoryFocus is on anticipatory, rather than on reactive adaptation. An anticipatoryapproach is favored over a reactive response because impacts of climate changeapproach is favored over a reactive response because impacts of climate changeare found that (i) are gradual, long-term and may be irreversible; (ii) increase theare found that (i) are gradual, long-term and may be irreversible; (ii) increase theintensity of extreme events, such as cyclones and floods; (iii) affect the long-termintensity of extreme events, such as cyclones and floods; (iii) affect the long-termperformance of planning decisions and investments.performance of planning decisions and investments.Strategic adaptations are formulated in line with the key impacts and the keyStrategic adaptations are formulated in line with the key impacts and the keychallenges that are summarized hereafter. Strategic adaptation to climate changechallenges that are summarized hereafter. Strategic adaptation to climate changeshould produce a coordinated response, supported by all stakeholders, on threeshould produce a coordinated response, supported by all stakeholders, on threedifferent levels:different levels:1. Planning and natural resources management, including the participation of1. Planning and natural resources management, including the participation ofdifferent stakeholders in the decision-making processdifferent stakeholders in the decision-making process2. Information needs, management and dissemination2. Information needs, management and dissemination3. International positioning and representation3. International positioning and representationThus, strategic adaptation relates to a coordinated institutional response, enhancingThus, strategic adaptation relates to a coordinated institutional response, enhancingintegrated planning, information management and international activities. Theseintegrated planning, information management and international activities. Thesedirections are considered crucial in the effort to reduce Bangladesh vulnerability todirections are considered crucial in the effort to reduce Bangladesh vulnerability toclimate change. Not only do they prepare and are they needed for theclimate change. Not only do they prepare and are they needed for theimplementation of more operational actions, but they would also significantlyimplementation of more operational actions, but they would also significantlycontribute to an increased awareness, which in itself is a core strategic adaptation.contribute to an increased awareness, which in itself is a core strategic adaptation.Policy makers dilemmaPolicy makers dilemma
  9. 9. Effects of sea level riseEffects of sea level rise The rise of global seaThe rise of global sealevel by the end of AD 2050 would mean thatlevel by the end of AD 2050 would mean thatthere is a high risk of coastal inundation bythere is a high risk of coastal inundation bysea water. In the case of Bangladesh thesea water. In the case of Bangladesh theprojected 1.44m rise of sea level wouldprojected 1.44m rise of sea level wouldinundate 16% of the populated land, displaceinundate 16% of the populated land, displace13% of the population and lose 10% of the GDP.13% of the population and lose 10% of the GDP.The effect of sea level rise is more critical,The effect of sea level rise is more critical,since the Bengal delta is subsiding. 13% wesince the Bengal delta is subsiding. 13% weare talking about 34 million people in 2050!are talking about 34 million people in 2050!Future planning based on facts
  10. 10. In the United States The National AssessmentIn the United States The National Assessmenton Climate Change (NACC) was a massiveon Climate Change (NACC) was a massivemultidisciplinary effort to study and portray inmultidisciplinary effort to study and portray inregional detail the potential effects of human-regional detail the potential effects of human-inducedinduced global warmingglobal warming on theon the United StatesUnited States ..The project was articulated into some 20The project was articulated into some 20regional studies - each involving dozens ofregional studies - each involving dozens ofscientific and academic experts as well asscientific and academic experts as well asrepresentatives of industry and environmentalrepresentatives of industry and environmentalgroups. The final reports synthesizing regionalgroups. The final reports synthesizing regionaland national findings were published inand national findings were published inNovember 2000, titled "National Assessment ofNovember 2000, titled "National Assessment ofthe Potential Consequences of Climatethe Potential Consequences of ClimateVariability and Change."Variability and Change."Where are BD policy makers that will affect 34m people?United states prepares for climate change
  11. 11. BibliographyBibliographyhttp://http://www.climatecrisis.netwww.climatecrisis.net//http://http://www.algore.orgwww.algore.org//http://http://www.marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolutionwww.marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution//http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2006/04/21/bangladesh/index_np.htmlhttp://www.salon.com/news/feature/2006/04/21/bangladesh/index_np.htmlhttp://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/S_0166.htmhttp://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/S_0166.htmhttp://http://webdiary.com.au/cms/?qwebdiary.com.au/cms/?q=node/1586=node/1586http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming#Greenhouse_gases_in_the_atmospherehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming#Greenhouse_gases_in_the_atmospherehttp://unfccc.int/essential_background/feeling_the_heat/items/2918.phphttp://unfccc.int/essential_background/feeling_the_heat/items/2918.phphttp://http://www.grida.no/climate/vital/impacts.htmwww.grida.no/climate/vital/impacts.htmhttp://wbln0018.worldbank.org/lo+web+sites/bangladesh+Web.nsf/All/6DE0A774ACF03http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/lo+web+sites/bangladesh+Web.nsf/All/6DE0A774ACF03http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/environment/climate/country_nar/bangladesh.htmlhttp://www.usaid.gov/our_work/environment/climate/country_nar/bangladesh.htmlhttp://www.scidev.net/Editorials/index.cfm?fuseaction=readEditorials&itemid=125&lahttp://www.scidev.net/Editorials/index.cfm?fuseaction=readEditorials&itemid=125&lap://www.sdnpbd.org/sdi/issues/climate_change/napa/expert-group.htmp://www.sdnpbd.org/sdi/issues/climate_change/napa/expert-group.htmhttp://http://www.sdnpbd.org/sdi/issues/climate_change/napa/index.htmwww.sdnpbd.org/sdi/issues/climate_change/napa/index.htmhttp://www.sdnpbd.org/sdi/international_days/wed/2004/bangladesh/climate_change_ihttp://www.sdnpbd.org/sdi/international_days/wed/2004/bangladesh/climate_change_ihttp://www.sdnpbd.org/sdi/international_days/wed/2004/bangladesh/documents.htmhttp://www.sdnpbd.org/sdi/international_days/wed/2004/bangladesh/documents.htm
  12. 12. Expatriate Bangladeshi and American-BangladeshiExpatriate Bangladeshi and American-Bangladeshicommunity has the potential to make a difference incommunity has the potential to make a difference inthe lives of our countrymen/women.the lives of our countrymen/women.Will we heed the callWill we heed the call ? Start a dialogue with us at? Start a dialogue with us atCBd.CBd.check outcheck out www.changebangladesh.comwww.changebangladesh.comBrainstorm with us = prepare + participate +Brainstorm with us = prepare + participate +disseminatedisseminateWhat can you do?
  13. 13. Thank you !Thank you !check out www.changebangladesh.comcheck out www.changebangladesh.comBecome a lifetime memberBecome a lifetime membernaima@changebangladesh.comnaima@changebangladesh.comQuestions ?Questions ?

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