Total Physical Response Hodra Capote Gómez Seccion: 002
Theory of Learning
Advantages & Disadvantages
Total Physical Response is a language learning method based on the coordination of speech and action. It was developed by James Asher, a professor of psychology at San Jose State University, California.
Theory of learning
There are three principles he elaborates;
Understanding the spoken language should develop before speaking the language.
Understanding should evolve through the movement of the student’s body.
Students should not be forced to speak. The student will produce sounds spontaneously .
Teaching oral proficiency at a beginning level.
Using comprehension as a means to speaking.
Using action-based drills in the imperative form.
T.P.R. will only work for children.
T.P.R. is limited to the imperative.
T.P.R. is limited to beginning students.
It is totally flexible. For example, the teacher takes little steps to make learners pace.
It is relaxing for students and students learn at their own pace.
There is rapid understanding and long-term retention of new language.
Learners may not have enough vocabulary to understand the program.
Learners may feel insecure when they are in class with students in the traditional classroom.
TPR may be depressing for students if the teacher is not familiar with the program.