History of chinese character

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  • 甲骨文、籀文、金文(前三者泛稱大篆)、小篆,至隸書、草書、楷書(以及衍生的行書)
  • 线条化、平直化
  • 称规矩,笔法端正凝重,进一步趋向线条化,更主要的是字形结构的繁复
  • 匀圆齐整;字形呈长方形,奠定了汉字“方块形
  • 以点画结构逐渐取代篆书的线条结构,一种新书体
  • 近于横宽的四方形,楷书则呈正方形或长方形;楷书的点画形态比隶书丰富,增加了斜钩, easily recgnoize
  • 1986 became national word.
  • History of chinese character

    1. 1. TraditionalClassification ofChinese CharacterChinese 201Nai-Fen Su03/22/2011
    2. 2. Outline• History of Chinese Character• Traditional classification• Pictograms• Q &A
    3. 3. History of Chinese Character• Oracle bone script• Chinese bronze inscriptions• Greater Seal Script• Lesser Seal Script• Clerical Script• Regular Script- traditional and simple
    4. 4. Oracle bone script• 1500 to 1000 B.C.
    5. 5. Chinese bronze inscriptions• 1150-771 B.C.
    6. 6. Greater Seal Script• 1100 to 700 B.C.
    7. 7. Lesser Seal Script• 700 to 220 B.C.
    8. 8. Clerical Script• 221 to 207 B.C. & 206 B.C. to 220 A.D.
    9. 9. Regular Script• 220 A.D to Present (Traditional Chinese )
    10. 10. Regular Script• 1964- Simple Chinese
    11. 11. Stages of Chinese Character Lesser Seal Script Regular ScriptOracle bone script (Simple Chinese) Chinese bronze Clerical Script inscriptions Regular Script Greater Seal (Traditional Chinese)
    12. 12. Traditional classificationThere are six traditional types of HanCharacter• Pictograms• Simple ideograms• Ideogrammatic compounds• Rebus characters• Phono-semantic compound characters• Derivative cognates
    13. 13. Pictograms• Roughly 600 Chinese characters are pictograms— stylized drawings of the objects they represent.• These are generally among the oldest characters
    14. 14. Simple ideograms• Ideograms express an abstract idea through an iconic form, including iconic modification of pictographic characters.
    15. 15. Ideogrammatic compounds• In ideogrammic compounds, also called associative compounds or logical aggregates.• Two or more pictographic or ideographic characters are combined to suggest a third meaning 木×2 = 林 木×3 = 森 人+木 = 休 a man leaning two trees three trees against a tree → grove → forest → rest
    16. 16. Rebus characters• These are characters that are "borrowed" to write another homophonous or near- homophonous morpheme, comparable with using "4" as a rebus for English "for"
    17. 17. Phono-semantic compound characters• They form the majority of Chinese characters — over 90%• Characters were created by combining a rebus with a determinative Compound Determinative Rebus 氵 木 沐 water mù mù "to wash oneself 采 艹 cǎi 菜 plant "harvest, vegetable" cài "vegetable
    18. 18. Derivative cognates• It may refer to characters which have similar meanings and often the same etymological root, but which have diverged in pronunciation and meaning
    19. 19. Pictograms Practice
    20. 20. Q&AThank You

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