THE SKIN The body’s largest organ • Our skin is alive, responds and changes to external stimulae. • Its delicate balance needs to be cared for • To maintain beautiful and healthy skin and slow down its ageing process, it must be supplemented and protected The skin of our body has a surface area of nearly 2 square metres.
THE SKIN Main functions • Protection • Heat control • Insulation • Perception • Absorption The skin is a very effective barrier against the outside world thanks to its ingenious protective mechanisms.
THE SKIN Epidermis – The structure of the skin Epidermis • Protection and cell renewal • Takes approx. 28 days to renew the cells of the skin We lose around 1 gram of dead skin cells every day, nearly a pound per year, and around 27 kilos in a lifetime.
THE SKIN Dermis – The structure of the skin Dermis • Skin structure made up of- Elastin (to make the skin elastic and supple) - Collagen (to firm the skin) • Contains nerves and blood vessels • Contains sebaceous and sweat glands • Water reserve of the skin 70% of the human body is made up of water!
THE SKIN Hypodermis – The structure of the skin Hypodermis • It’s the energy reserve of the skin • It’s the shock absorber • Regulates body temperature The hills and valleys of the hypodermis give the skin its characteristic appearance – cellulitis, buttocks, etc.
Skin types • Oily • Combination • Dry As we grow older our skin usually follows this route: Oily Combination Dry People’s skin type changes with the season and therefore the skin care routine has to be adapted accordingly.
Oily skin – too much sebum Visual Appearance • Thick skin; looks dull • Often shiny • Open pores And • Pimples, spots, blackheads, whiteheads • Acne problems • Skin feels dirty easily, especially in polluted areas • Make-up doesn’t stay on very well But • Wrinkles appear later • Less prone to dehydration Need Reduce sebum production and add moisture SKIN TYPES
Taking care of oily skin Cleansing • Gentle cleansing products with actives for oily skin. Especially mild gels that wash off with water Toning: • Adapted toning lotions with specific active ingredients for oily skin to close the pores and reduce secretion of sebum Treating and Protecting: • Mattifying and treating light lotions and gel creams that reduce the production of sebum Specific Treatments • Once or twice a week use a scrub for oily skin to remove blackheads as well as an absorbing and purifying mask. SKIN TYPES
Combination skin – oily and dry areas Visual Appearance • Oily T-zone • Dry cheeks And • Enlarged pores and oily T-zone • Dry, flaky cheeks Need Balance out sebum production and use moisture-retaining products SKIN TYPES
Taking care of combination skin Cleansing • Gentle cleansing products with actives for combination skin that wash off with water Toning: • With specific active ingredients for combination skin to close the pores and moisturise dry areas Treating and Protecting: • Light gel creams that hydrate without adding extra oil Specific Treatments • Weekly scrub targeting T-zone and moisturising mask for dry areas SKIN TYPES
Dry skin – lack of sebum Visual Appearance • Small, closed pores • Skin “smooth” or “peach-like” • Make-up stays on very well • Skin feels tight after cleansing with water • Skin is not shiny But • Early wrinkles • Prone to redness, Erythrosis • Easily dehydrated Need Intense nourishment and hydration SKIN TYPES
Taking care of dry skin Cleansing • Never with soap. Always with a moisturising cleansing milk or soap free gel Toning: • Use a toner without alcohol after cleansing to close the pores and firm the skin • Never rub the skin as it might cause irritation Treating and Protecting: • Use nourishing creams regularly day and night, all year round • Use intense hydration creams Specific Treatments • Every week, use a scrub for dry skin and hydrate with masks and serums SKIN TYPES
Sensitive skin – a skin condition that can be occasional, permanent or pathological Visual Appearance • Redness, flush, sensations of heat • Irritated, itchiness • Pimples, granular appearance What happens: 1. Appearance; Immediate sensitivity: redness, sensation of heat, sudden itchiness 2. Recession: Symptoms disappear more or less quickly 3. Sedation: After 2-3 days, desquamation of the skin occurs Need Adequate and careful selection of skin care products SKIN TYPES
Taking care of sensitive skin Cleansing • Mild, gentle soap free cleanser Toning: • Alcohol free toners Treating and Protecting: • Moisturising, fragrance free products suitable for sensitive skin Specific Treatments • Calming ingredients to reduce irritation • Emulsifier free products formulated with mild, gentle ingredients SKIN TYPES
Oriflame’s skin type testers Take one test strip at a time onto your foreheador cheek and hold for 15 seconds. Compare the changes on the strip to the chart in the flyer. It is recommended to cleanse the skin one hour before the test, without applying moisturiser. In case there is make-up on the skin, it is recommended that you clean the small area where the tester will be placed 5 minutes before the test. SKIN TYPES