DementiaDr nahed shehta
Definition:AEClinical pictureInvestigationtreatment
Definition  Progressive deterioration of memory                             behavior                             personal...
Degenerative:  Alzheimer  Frontotemporal  Dementia with parkinsonismSystemic  Endocrine thyroid  Heptic , renal  Nu...
Neurological causes  Vascular dementia  Tumers    Frontal    Temporal    Corpus callosum  NPHydrochephalus  Trauma ...
Speech motor   Visuospatialcontrol        Function                  Reading                  Speech
Alzheimer dementiaRisk factors1.Age2.Sex3.Education4.Alchol5.Repeated trauma6.Aluminum7.Family history
Famous people with alzheimer
Vascular dementiaRisk factors1.HPN2. DM3.Hyperlibidemia4.Recurrent strokes
Frontotemporal dementia    selective frontal , temporal atrophy    memory loss    personality changes    biopsy: picks...
investigation1.Lab        1. LFT, KFT , CBC (ANEMIA) , hormonal assay2.Neuroimaging        1. CT, MRI              1. Cort...
NORMAL CT BRAIN
AXIAL CT for Alzheimer
CT for Alzhiemer
treatmentTarget: ↑ Ach      1. Cholinesterase inhibitors      2. NMDA antagonists         glutamate tocicity      3. Antid...
Dementia nahed
Dementia nahed
Dementia nahed
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Dementia nahed

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Dementia nahed

  1. 1. DementiaDr nahed shehta
  2. 2. Definition:AEClinical pictureInvestigationtreatment
  3. 3. Definition Progressive deterioration of memory behavior personality AE: Degenerative Neurologic systemic
  4. 4. Degenerative: Alzheimer Frontotemporal Dementia with parkinsonismSystemic Endocrine thyroid Heptic , renal Nutritional B1, B6, B12, folate alchoholic
  5. 5. Neurological causes Vascular dementia Tumers Frontal Temporal Corpus callosum NPHydrochephalus Trauma SDH Infection AIDS HSimplex
  6. 6. Speech motor Visuospatialcontrol Function Reading Speech
  7. 7. Alzheimer dementiaRisk factors1.Age2.Sex3.Education4.Alchol5.Repeated trauma6.Aluminum7.Family history
  8. 8. Famous people with alzheimer
  9. 9. Vascular dementiaRisk factors1.HPN2. DM3.Hyperlibidemia4.Recurrent strokes
  10. 10. Frontotemporal dementia selective frontal , temporal atrophy memory loss personality changes biopsy: picks cells in frontal, Temporal lobes
  11. 11. investigation1.Lab 1. LFT, KFT , CBC (ANEMIA) , hormonal assay2.Neuroimaging 1. CT, MRI 1. Cortical atrophy 2. Hippocampal atrophy 3. lacunar infarct 4. Frontotemporal atrophy 5. NPH
  12. 12. NORMAL CT BRAIN
  13. 13. AXIAL CT for Alzheimer
  14. 14. CT for Alzhiemer
  15. 15. treatmentTarget: ↑ Ach 1. Cholinesterase inhibitors 2. NMDA antagonists glutamate tocicity 3. Antidepressant 4. Cerebral dilators 5. Vitamins 6. Estrogen replacement

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