NDA rule vs UPA rule.

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A comparative study

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NDA rule vs UPA rule.

  1. 1. BY :- SUNIL GUPTA
  2. 2. Economic Policies by BJP Led NDA Government •Expanded the process of economic liberalisation •His government initiated the privatisation of most state corporations, including the Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd. •His government also began the establishment of special export processing zones, Information Technology and Industrial Parks across the country to bolster industrial production and exports. •His government launched the National Highway Development Project
  3. 3. •In 2003, the government launched the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman (Honouring of Non-Resident Indians) and initiated plans to establish an Overseas citizenship of India. •His government also expanded efforts to encourage foreign investment, especially from Europe and the United States. •The Vajpayee government improved India's ties with the People's Republic of China, boosting trade and seeking the resolution of territorial disputes through dialogue
  4. 4. BJP STRATEGY •Accelerated reforms in the agricultural sector - food economy and rural development programmes targeted. •Intensification of infrastructure investment, continued reforms in the financial sector and capital markets, deepening of structural reforms - dismantling controls constraining economic activity. •Human development through better educational opportunities and social security. •Reduction in non-productive expenditure and rationalisation of subsidies. •Acceleration of the privatisation process and restructuring of public enterprises. •Widening of the tax base and toning up the tax administration. •Provide social security to the poor. •Deepen structural reforms and regenerate industrial growth.
  5. 5. ECONOMIC INDICATORS 1. GDP 2. INFLATION •REPO RATE, REVERSE REPO RATE & CRR •FOOD INFLATION 3 WPI & CPI 4. FISCAL DEFICIT 5. CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT 6. FOREX RESERVES 7. EXTERNAL DEBT 8. JOB CREATION 9. SAVINGS RATE 10 EXCHANGE RATE
  6. 6. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 REPO RATE REPO RATE
  7. 7. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Reverse Repo Rate Reverse Repo Rate 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 6/12/1997 17/01/1998 28/03/1998 11/4/1998 29/08/1998 13/03/1999 8/5/1999 6/11/1999 20/11/1999 8/4/2000 22/04/2000 29/07/2000 12/8/2000 24/02/2001 10/3/2001 19/05/2001 3/11/2001 29/12/2001 1/6/2002 16/11/2002 14/06/2003 18/09/2004 2/10/2004 8/12/2006 17/02/2007 3/3/2007 14/04/2007 28/04/2007 4/8/2007 10/11/2007 26/04/2008 10/5/2008 24/05/2008 5/7/2008 19/07/2008 30/08/2008 11/10/2008 15/10/2008 1/11/2008 8/11/2008 17/01/2009 Cash Reserve Ratio Cash Reserve Ratio
  8. 8. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 WPI WPI 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 CPI CPI YEAR WPI 1997-98 4.4 1998-99 5.9 1999-00 3.3 2000-01 7.1 2001-02 3.6 2002-03 3.4 2003-04 5.5 2004-05 6.5 2005-06 4.4 2006-07 6.5 2007-08 4.8 2008-09 8 YEAR CPI 1999-00 3.4 2000-01 3.7 2001-02 4.3 2002-03 4.1 2003-04 3.8 2004-05 3.9 2005-06 4.2 2006-07 6.8 2007-08 6.2 2008-09 9.1
  9. 9. Year Petrol Diesel LPG 1996 21.13 9.04 119.95 1997 22.84 10.34 136 1998 23.94 9.87 136 1999 23.8 9.94 146 2000 28.7 16.55 232 2001 28.7 17.06 222.25 2002 28.91 18.06 241.2 2003 32.7 20.73 241.6 2004 37.84 26.28 281.6 2005 43.49 30.45 281.6 2006 44.85 31.25 281.6 2007 43.52 30.48 281.6 2008 45.62 32.86 346.3 2009 44.72 32.92 281.2 2010 51.43 40.1 345.35
  10. 10. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Fiscal Deficit Fiscal Deficit YEAR Fiscal Deficit( % of GDP) 1996-97 4.7 1997-98 5.66 1998-99 6.29 1999-00 5.2 2000-01 5.48 2001-02 6 2002-03 5.73 2003-04 4.34 2004-05 3.88 2005-06 3.96 2006-07 3.32 2007-08 2.54 2008-09 5.99 2009-10 6.46
  11. 11. YEAR EXPORTS( US Bn$) Imports( US Bn$) trade deficit( US Bn$) Invisibles( US Bn$) CAD( US Bn$) CAD(% OF GDP) 1999-00 37.5 55.4 -17.9 13.7 -4.2 -0.9 2000-01 45.5 57.9 -12.4 9.8 -2.6 -0.6 2001-02 44.7 56.3 -11.6 15 3.4 0.7 2002-03 53.8 64.5 -10.7 17 6.3 1.2 2003-04 66.3 80 -13.7 27.8 14.1 2.3 2004-05 85.2 118.9 -33.7 31.2 -2.5 -0.3 2005-06 105.2 157.1 -51.9 42 -9.9 -1.2 2006-07 128.9 190.7 -61.8 52.2 -9.6 -1 2007-08 166.2 257.6 -91.4 75.7 -15.7 -1.3 2008-09 189 308.5 -119.5 91.6 -27.9 -2.3 2009-10 182.4 300.6 -118.2 80 -38.2 -2.8
  12. 12. -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 CAD(% OF GDP) CAD(% OF GDP) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 CAD( US Bn$) CAD -100 -50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 EXPORTS Imports Invisibles CAD -150 -100 -50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 EXPORTS Imports trade deficit
  13. 13. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 FOREX RESERVES FOREX RESERVES YEAR FOREX RESERVES( US Bn$) 1999-00 35.1 2000-01 39.6 2001-02 51 2002-03 71.9 2003-04 106.1 2004-05 135.1 2005-06 145.1 2006-07 191.9 2007-08 299.1 2008-09 241.6 2009-10 252.8 FOREX RESERVES
  14. 14. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 EXTERNAL DEBT EXTERNAL DEBT YEAR EXTERNAL DEBT( US Bn$) 1999-00 98.3 2000-01 101.3 2001-02 98.8 2002-03 104.9 2003-04 112.7 2004-05 134 2005-06 139.1 2006-07 172.4 2007-08 224.4 2008-09 224.5 2009-10 260.9 EXTERNAL DEBT
  15. 15. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Unemployment % Unemployment %
  16. 16. -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 SAVINGS-INVESTMENT GAP SAVINGS- INVESTMENT GAP YEAR GDS GCF SAVINGS-INVESTMENT GAP 1997-98 24.15 24.51 -0.36 1998-99 23.19 23.51 -0.32 1999-00 25.69 26.97 -1.28 2000-01 23.77 24.21 -0.44 2001-02 24.93 25.65 -0.72 2002-03 25.93 25.02 0.91 2003-04 29.03 26.17 2.86 2004-05 32.41 32.45 -0.04 2005-06 33.44 34.28 -0.84 2006-07 34.6 35.87 -1.27 2007-08 36.82 38.03 -1.21 2008-09 32.02 35.53 -3.51 2009-10 33.69 36.3 -2.61 GDS GROSS DOMESTIC SAVINGS(% OF GDP) GCF GROSS CAPITAL FORMATION(% OF GDP)
  17. 17. BJP Ruled States: Performing Better • GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) growing at double pace than that of National GDP which is at 5%. • Fiscal Deficits (FD) of all BJP/NDA states below 3% while CENTRES FD close to 6% • Average per capita power consumptions of BJP/NDA States – 763 Units. (National Average – 631 Units) • Average Expenditure on Education of BJP/NDA States is around 5.3% of GNP while National Average is 4.9% • Higher Gross Primary School Enrolment Ratio and Less Drop-out.
  18. 18. Sum Total of UPA Regime
  19. 19. UPA The Deficit Government 1. Ethical Deficit 2. Trust Deficit 3. Leadership Deficit 4. Decision Deficit 5. Governance Deficit 6. Trade Deficit 7. Fiscal Deficit 8. Revenue Deficit 9. Current Account Deficit
  20. 20. UPA Navratna 1. A Raja – 2G Spectrum Scam 2. Suresh Kalmadi – CWG Scam 3. Kanimozi – 2G Spectrum Scam 4. Ashok Chavan – Adarsh Building Scam 5. Pawan Kumar Bansal – Railway Bribery 6. Ashwini Kumar – Coalgate 7. Subodh Kant Sahay – Coalgate 8. Veerbhadra Singh 9. Navin Jindal
  21. 21. UPA 9 Economic Sins 1. Jobless Growth 2. Declining GDP Growth Rate 3. Rising Fiscal Deficit4. Sky-rocketing Food Inflation 5. High Interest Rates 6. Booming Current Account Deficit 7. Attacking Federal Fiscal Principles 8. Dismal Infrastructure Investment 9. Steep fall in Rupee
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