VERBS Voiced & compiled by Nageswar Rao. A English Teacher Courtesy K.V. MadhusudhanResource Person (English) firstname.lastname@example.org
1. Anand is a chess player. (state-position)2. Anand is playing chess. (action)3. Anand has skills in playing chess. (possession)4. Anand wants to play chess. (intention) In each of the sentences the verb tells in a different way such as showing state, action, possession or intention etc.Classification of Verbs: Finite & Non Finite Verbs. Principal or Main Verbs Auxiliary Verbs & Modals Transitive & Intransitive Verbs Regular & Irregular email@example.com
A finite verb is a verb which has tenses and changes according toperson and number. Eg. a. I go to school. b. He goes to school. c. He went to school. d. You are going to school.A Non-finite verb does not have tenses and does not changeaccording to person and number of the subject.1.Iwant to play chess. (infinitives).2.He likes swimming. (gerund)3.Running fast, he fell down. (present participle)4.Having completed his work, he took rest. (perfect participle).5.Given a change, I can prove it. (Past participle) firstname.lastname@example.org
Auxiliary verbs are helping verbs that help the main verb. Theauxiliary verbs have no existence without a main verb.1.Sehwag is playing cricket.2.I have been riding a car.3.The cat will have been killed by the dog.Modals are special kind of auxiliary verbs. They are also called asAnomalous Verbs or defective verbs. They are “shall, should, will,would, must, can, could, may, might, ought (to), used (to), need,and dare. These are used to express the ‘mood’. (obligation,ability, duty, probability, necessity, courage) of the speaker. email@example.com
1.It may rain. (probability)2.I can do the work. (ability)3.You need not wear uniform on Sundays. (necessity)A verb that shows an action which passes over from the subject tothe object is Transitive Verb. The word “transit” means to pass over. a. The boy flies a kite. Here ‘kite’ is the object of the verb ‘fly’.Transitive verbs always take an object with them. In order to findthe object we ask the question ‘who’, ‘whom’, ‘what’. Eg. What does the boy fly? (a kite) firstname.lastname@example.org
The verb that shows an action which does not pass over to an objectis called Intransitive Verb. Eg. Birds fly in the sky.Verbs showing state of being (position) and verbs of possession arealways intransitive. Eg. India is my country. We have a big house. email@example.com
Regular (or weak) verbs form the past tense and past participle byadding ‘d’, ‘ed’ or ‘t’ to the present. V1 V2 V3 love loved loved walk walked walked spend spent spent.Irregular (or strong) verbs form the past tense and past participle ina different way. V1 V2 V3 write wrote written come came come cut cut cut firstname.lastname@example.org
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