Adverbs
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  • 1. ADVERBS. (ADD + VERB) Nageswar Rao. English Teacher.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 2. An adverb is a word that adds some thing to a verb. It can also add (modify) an adjective, another adverb or a preposition. Horse runs fast. Anand is a very sincere boy. Julien sings pretty well. The aeroplane flew just over the bridge.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 3. KINDS OF ADVERBS. 1. ADVERB OF TIME. 2. ADVERB OF PLACE. 3. ADVERB OF MANNER (OR QUALITY) 4. ADVERB OF DEGREE. 5. ADVERB OF FREQUENCY. 6. ADVERB OF REASON. 7. ADVERB OF INTERROGATION. 8. RELATIVE ADVERBS. 9. ADVERB OF EXCLAMATION. 10. ADVERB OF AFFIRMATION & NEGATION.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 4. 1. ADVERB OF TIME. WORDS SUCH AS NOW; THEN; SOON; LATE; TODAY; YESTERDAY ETC. ARE CALLED ADVERB OF TIME. A. NOW AND THEN SUCH THINGS HAPPEN. B. HE CAME LATE BUT LEFT EARLY.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 5. 2. ADVERB OF PLACE. WORDS SUCH AS HERE; THERE; SOMEWHERE; NO WHERE; OUTSIDE; AWAY; UP; DOWN ETC. ARE CALLED ADVERB OF PLACE. A. COME HERE, INSTEAD OF GOING THERE. B. DO NOT GO ANYWHERE. C. STAND UP.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 6. 3. ADVERB OF MANNER (OR QUALITY) WORDS WHICH SHOW THE QUALITY OR MANNER AS TO HOW THE VERB IS MODIFIED ARE CALLED ADVERBS OF MANNER (OR QUALITY). A. HE DREW BEAUTIFULLY. B. IT IS WONDERFULLY CREATED.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 7. 4. ADVERB OF DEGREES. WORDS WHICH SHOW HOW MUCH OR IN WHAT DEGREE OR TO WHAT EXTENT THE VERB IS MODIFIED ARE CALLED ADVERBS OF DEGREES. VERY; QUITE; NEARLY; ALMOST; GREATLY; FULLY; COMPLETELY; PARTLY; ENOUGH; MUCH; LITTLE; HARDLY; TOO; WHOLLY. A. THE SEA IS VERY STORMY. B. THE BUCKET IS FULLY FILLED WITH WATER.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 8. 5. ADVERB OF FREQUENCY. WORDS SUCH AS SELDOM; RARELY; FREQUENTLY; OFTEN; REGULARLY; SOME TIMES; ONCE; TWICE ETC. WHICH SHOW “HOW OFTEN” ARE USED AS ADVERB OF FREQUENCY. A. HE IS ALWAYS LATE IN ATTENDING CLASS. B. SELDOM DOES HE LISTEN TO ANYBODY. WHEN EVER AN ADVERB IS USED AT THE BEGINNING, FOR THE SAKE OF EMPHASIZE, THE INVERSION OF THE VERB TAKES PLACE. NEVER HAVE I SEEN ANYBODY DOING THAT.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 9. 6. ADVERB OF REASON WORDS SUCH AS HENCE; THUS; THEREFORE; AND PHRASES THAT’S WHY; SO THAT; SUCH THAT ETC. WHICH SHOW REASON ARE USED AS ADVERBS OF REASON. A. HE THEREFORE LEFT THE SCHOOL. B. WE FACED LOT OF PROBLEMS, HENCE WE WROTE A COMPLAINT.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 10. 7. ADVERB OF INTERROGATION. WORDS SUCH AS WHY; HOW; WHEN; WHERE ETC. WHEN USED TO ASK QUESTIONS ARE CALLED INTERROGATIVE ADVERBS. A. WHY ARE YOU LATE? B. HOW CAN YOU SAY THAT?01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 11. 8. RELATIVE ADVERBS WORDS SUCH AS WHY; HOW; WHEN; WHERE ETC. WHEN USED TO RELATE WITH A NOUN AS AN ANTECEDANT ARE CALLED RELATIVE ADVERBS. THEY ARE GENERALLY USED TO COMBINE TWO SIMPLE SENTENCES TO MAKE A COMPLEX SENTENCE. A. THE REASON WHY I AM LATE, IS I GOT UP LATE. B. THE PLACE WHERE YOU ARE SHIFTING IS A SAFE ONE.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 12. 9. ADVERB OF EXCLAMATION. THE WORD ‘HOW’ IS USED AS AN EXCLAMATORY ADVERB. A. HOW CLEVER HE IS! B. HOW NICE YOU ARE!01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 13. 10. ADVERB OF AFFIRMATION & NEGATION. WORDS SUCH AS YES; SURELY; DEFINITELY; CERTAINLY ETC. ARE USED AS ADVERB OF AFFIRMATION. A. YES, I KNOW ABOUT IT. B. SURELY, HE CAN PASS THE EXAM. WORDS SUCH AS NO, NOT ETC. ARE USED AS ADVERB OF NEGATION. A. NO, IT CAN NOT BE TRUE.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com
  • 14. Visit us at “ayalasomayajula nageswar rao” For More videos on Functional & Usage Grammar.01/15/13 anr.tuni@gmail.com