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THE BIOMECHANICS OF INSTEP
KICK IN SOCCER
LAB 5
GROUP 2
GROUP MEMBERS:
NAME

MATRIC NO.

MOHD ISYAMUDDIN BIN JUMAAT

D2010...
INTRODUCTION •

The instep kick technique is one of
the important aspect of a soccer
player.
• Instep kicking is related t...
Instep Kick Sequence Motion In Real
Subject
Ball approach
Planting one foot at the side
of the ball with kicking foot
exte...
AIM
• This study is conducted to investigate the
factors affecting the efficiency of a kick using
an instep kick, that is:...
ACCURACY IN KICKING
ACCURACY IN KICKING

POINT OF
KICKING AT THE
BALL

CENTER

SPEED/
FORCE

TYPE OF KICKING
TYPE OF KICKI...
PARAMETER CONSIDERATIONS

Angle Of Extension Of The
Thigh

Last Stride Length
PARAMETER CONSIDERATIONS
(Con’t..)
Foot Velocity
Shoulder Velocity

Hip Velocity

Ankle Velocity

Knee Velocity
Subject

Age

Muhammad
Ridzwan Ramli
24 years old

Suhaimi bin Abd
Razak
22 years old

Zarulnaim Bin
Mansur
22 years old

...
EQUIPMENTS
• APAS SYSTEM (Ariel Performance Analysis System)
Markers

Flysheet

2 Sony HDV Camera
• Kinovea
Ball
Ball
Marker
Marker

Soccer field
Research plan set up ( capturing)

Camera
1
subject
90°-120°

10 meters
Target
Camera
2
Kinovea’s Results
Table Of Results
SUBJECTS

ANGLE OF
KNEE FLEXION
ANGLE OF
THIGH
EXTENSION

(1) RIDZWAN

(2) SUHAIMI

(3) ZARULNAIM

82°

1...
Table Of Results
SUBJECTS

(1) RIDZWAN

(2) SUHAIMI

(3) ZARULNAIM

Last Stride
Length

133cm

122cm

135cm

Speed Of The
...
Angle of knee flexion and
thigh of extension
Last Stride Length
APAS Results
The Phases of Instep Kick
Approach Phase

shoulder

Contact Ball
Phase

hip

Follow Through Phase

knee

Graph 1. The velo...
APAS RESULTS (Best Subject)
Velocity of The shank
Graph of the relationship of velocity between thigh and shank

Graph 2. ...
Velocity 5 Point of Instep Kick
The graphs beside showing the
velocity of shoulder, hip, knee,
ankle and foot.
Subject 1

...
Result of The Average Angle Velocity
Among The Subjects
(cm/s)

Subject 1

Subject 2

Subject 3

Shoulder

-0.38

-0.82

-...
DISCUSSION
• Last Stride Length
- From the results shown, subject 3 made a long
last stride length (135cm) which improves ...
• Angel Extension of the thigh
- In this research, subject 1 extended his thigh at 108
degrees, subject 2 at 90 degrees an...
• Angle Knee Flexion
- In this research, we found that the minimum angle of
knee flexion for subject 1 is 82°, subject 2 i...
• Velocity of the Joint
- Based on the APAS results shown, subject 3
had the fastest joint velocity except for the
shoulde...
CONCLUSION
• The higher the distance of last stride length in
range 1.35m – 1.69m will generate more
velocity as well as m...
• This study showed that the bigger thigh
extension (120° – 100°) the smaller angle of
knee flexion (40° – 80°) while kick...
• The fastest velocity of the segment will
generate more power in the summation force
theory.
INVENTION & INNOVATION
(PROTOTYPE)

Adjustable
ruler

ball
mattress

Foot patch

Rubber
band
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
• Thousands of thanks and gratitude to:
 Mr. Jamili and Mr. Hakimi for the help on the apparatus
and tech...
REFERENCES
MAIN JOURNAL:
Lees, A., Asai, T., Andersen A. B., Nunome, H., &
Sterzing, T. (2010). The biomechanics of
kickin...
SUPPORTING JOURNAL:
Katis A. and Kellis E. (2010). Three-dimensional kinematics and ground
reaction forces during the inst...
BOOKS:
Reilly T. & Williams A.M., (2003). Science and
Soccer 2nd edition.
INTERNET:
Shan, G. & Wilde B. (2012). Know-How of Maximal Instep Kick in
Soccer. Retrieved on May 23, 2012,from
http://www...
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  • Transcript of "instep place rugbi"

    1. 1. THE BIOMECHANICS OF INSTEP KICK IN SOCCER LAB 5 GROUP 2 GROUP MEMBERS: NAME MATRIC NO. MOHD ISYAMUDDIN BIN JUMAAT D20101039366 MUHAMMAD HAFIZ BIN IBRAHIM D20101039282 MOHAMMAD SHAHNUR BIN MOHD SHAH D20101039379 NUR HEIDIYATUN BINTI MOHD SALLEH D20101039387
    2. 2. INTRODUCTION • The instep kick technique is one of the important aspect of a soccer player. • Instep kicking is related to higher ball speed and less knee and hip rotation in the coronal and the transverse plane compared with other kicks. (Kellis & Katis, 2010) • Success of an instep soccer kick also depends on various general factors such as:– the distance of the kick from the goal, – the air resistance, – the technique of the main kick which is best described using biomechanical analysis. (Kellis & Katis, 2010)
    3. 3. Instep Kick Sequence Motion In Real Subject Ball approach Planting one foot at the side of the ball with kicking foot extended to the back The swing through of the kicking foot to kick the ball with the instep of the foot Follow through
    4. 4. AIM • This study is conducted to investigate the factors affecting the efficiency of a kick using an instep kick, that is:- The last stride length. - The effective angle of thigh flexion and extension before kicking. - Relationship of the velocity between the body joints.
    5. 5. ACCURACY IN KICKING ACCURACY IN KICKING POINT OF KICKING AT THE BALL CENTER SPEED/ FORCE TYPE OF KICKING TYPE OF KICKING SIDE OF THE BALL FRONT SIDE KICK ANGLE OF ANGLE OF EXTENSION OF EXTENSION OF THE THIGH THE THIGH INSTEP INSTEP KICK KICK LAST STRIDE LAST STRIDE LENGTH LENGTH OUTSIDE KICK VELOCITY OF THE VELOCITY OF THE JOINTS JOINTS Lees, A., Asai, T., Andersen A. B., Nunome, H., & Sterzing, T. (2010). The biomechanics of ki A review. Journal of Sport Sciences, 28(8):805-817.
    6. 6. PARAMETER CONSIDERATIONS Angle Of Extension Of The Thigh Last Stride Length
    7. 7. PARAMETER CONSIDERATIONS (Con’t..) Foot Velocity Shoulder Velocity Hip Velocity Ankle Velocity Knee Velocity
    8. 8. Subject Age Muhammad Ridzwan Ramli 24 years old Suhaimi bin Abd Razak 22 years old Zarulnaim Bin Mansur 22 years old Height 175 cm 164 cm 166 cm Weight 70 kg 58 kg 54 kg Position Midfielder Left Striker Defender Level INTER-POLY player UPSI SUKSIS assistant coach Former state school player
    9. 9. EQUIPMENTS • APAS SYSTEM (Ariel Performance Analysis System)
    10. 10. Markers Flysheet 2 Sony HDV Camera
    11. 11. • Kinovea
    12. 12. Ball Ball Marker Marker Soccer field
    13. 13. Research plan set up ( capturing) Camera 1 subject 90°-120° 10 meters Target Camera 2
    14. 14. Kinovea’s Results
    15. 15. Table Of Results SUBJECTS ANGLE OF KNEE FLEXION ANGLE OF THIGH EXTENSION (1) RIDZWAN (2) SUHAIMI (3) ZARULNAIM 82° 118° 72° 108° 90° 113° ACCURACY Table 1. Angle of thigh and knee extension.
    16. 16. Table Of Results SUBJECTS (1) RIDZWAN (2) SUHAIMI (3) ZARULNAIM Last Stride Length 133cm 122cm 135cm Speed Of The Ball 38cm/s 30cm/s 33cm/s Table 2. Length of last stride length and ball speed.
    17. 17. Angle of knee flexion and thigh of extension
    18. 18. Last Stride Length
    19. 19. APAS Results
    20. 20. The Phases of Instep Kick Approach Phase shoulder Contact Ball Phase hip Follow Through Phase knee Graph 1. The velocity of the joints in instep kick phases. ankle foot
    21. 21. APAS RESULTS (Best Subject) Velocity of The shank Graph of the relationship of velocity between thigh and shank Graph 2. The velocity relationship between the thigh and shank (Subject 3)
    22. 22. Velocity 5 Point of Instep Kick The graphs beside showing the velocity of shoulder, hip, knee, ankle and foot. Subject 1 The approach phase of Subject 3 take the shortest time compared to the others. Besides, the follow through phase for subject 3 is the longest compared to the others. Subject 2 The graphs also show that the sequence of instep kick is shoulder, hip, knee, ankle and the last is foot. Subject 3 Graph 3. The velocity relationship between joints
    23. 23. Result of The Average Angle Velocity Among The Subjects (cm/s) Subject 1 Subject 2 Subject 3 Shoulder -0.38 -0.82 - 0.60 Hip -0.77 -0.99 - 0.40 Knee -0.84 -1.06 -0.51 Ankle -1.16 -1.19 - 0. 57 Foot -1.02 -1.02 - 0.66 Table 3. Average angle of joints velocity.
    24. 24. DISCUSSION • Last Stride Length - From the results shown, subject 3 made a long last stride length (135cm) which improves the accuracy of instep kick. (Refer table 2) - While the last stride length of the other 2 subject is in between 133cm and 120cm. - Stoner and Ben-Sira (1981) reported that the longer last stride length among the professional player in between 1.69m – 1.59m. - Based on the results, it is proven that the higher last stride length will increase accuracy.
    25. 25. • Angel Extension of the thigh - In this research, subject 1 extended his thigh at 108 degrees, subject 2 at 90 degrees and the subject 3 at 113 degrees for their largest angle of thigh extension. ( Refer Table 1) - Subject 3 had a biggest thigh extension angle while backswing compared to subject 2 and 1. - The higher thigh angle while backswing with higher angle of leg extension is better because it can generate more power in kicking and increase the distance of ball reach and accuracy (Linthorne & Patel, 2010). The study found that the best thigh extension angle is >100 degree.
    26. 26. • Angle Knee Flexion - In this research, we found that the minimum angle of knee flexion for subject 1 is 82°, subject 2 is 118° and subject 3 is 72° degree. Subject 3 got the smaller angle compared to the subject 1 and 2 in maximum knee flexion angle. (Refer Table 2) - The smaller the knee flexion angle will produce more force while kicking and will influence the speed of the ball (Linthorne & Patel, 2010). In this study provide that the best knee flexion angle is <100 degree.
    27. 27. • Velocity of the Joint - Based on the APAS results shown, subject 3 had the fastest joint velocity except for the shoulder velocity. (Refer Table 3) - For the summation of forces, higher velocity of joint will produce and provide higher velocity on the next joint.
    28. 28. CONCLUSION • The higher the distance of last stride length in range 1.35m – 1.69m will generate more velocity as well as momentum to produce high force and power when kicking the ball (Stoner and Ben-Sira, 1981).
    29. 29. • This study showed that the bigger thigh extension (120° – 100°) the smaller angle of knee flexion (40° – 80°) while kicking will generate more force and power. • This is because it can generate more power in kicking and increase the distance of ball reach and accuracy. (Linthorne & Patel, 2010).
    30. 30. • The fastest velocity of the segment will generate more power in the summation force theory.
    31. 31. INVENTION & INNOVATION (PROTOTYPE) Adjustable ruler ball mattress Foot patch Rubber band
    32. 32. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT • Thousands of thanks and gratitude to:  Mr. Jamili and Mr. Hakimi for the help on the apparatus and technical settings and measurements through our project  Ms Nur Aqilah bt Mokhtar, Ms Nur Amira bt Mahmood and Ms Safia bt Sulaiman for their help and guidance in conducting our project  Suhaimi bin Abd Razak, Muhammad Ridzwan bin Ramli, and Zarulnaim bin Mansur for being our subjects in this project  Beloved parents and families, as well as our friends and course mates for their understanding and help through out the project
    33. 33. REFERENCES MAIN JOURNAL: Lees, A., Asai, T., Andersen A. B., Nunome, H., & Sterzing, T. (2010). The biomechanics of kicking in soccer: A review. Journal of Sport Sciences, 28(8):805-817.
    34. 34. SUPPORTING JOURNAL: Katis A. and Kellis E. (2010). Three-dimensional kinematics and ground reaction forces during the instep and outstep soccer kicks in pubertal players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(11):1233– 1241. Katis A. and Kellis E. (2007). Biomechanical characteristics and determinants of instep soccer kick. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6,154-165. Bubannj S., Stankovic R., Joksimovic S., Bubanjl R., Kozomara G., & Efthimiadis P. (2010). Kinematics of accurate inside of foot kick. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 16, 1-2, 75-83.
    35. 35. BOOKS: Reilly T. & Williams A.M., (2003). Science and Soccer 2nd edition.
    36. 36. INTERNET: Shan, G. & Wilde B. (2012). Know-How of Maximal Instep Kick in Soccer. Retrieved on May 23, 2012,from http://www.coachesinfo.com/index.php?option=com_content &view=article&id=10313%3A-know-how-of-maximal-instepkick-in-soccer&catid=209%3Asoccer&Itemid=310 Shan G. & Zhang X. (2011). From 2D leg kinematics to 3D full-body biomechanics-the past, present and future of scientific analysis of maximal instep kick in soccer. Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy and Technology 2011, 3:23. Retrieved on May 15, 2012, from http://www.smartjournal.com/content/3/1/23 Narvaez, M. (2012). Teaching the Instep Kick to Beginning Soccer Players. Retrieved on May 23, 2012,from http://www.coachesinfo.com/index.php?option=com_content &view=article&id=365:instep-article&catid=101:generalarticles&Itemid=188
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