Kathryn Mandla


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"Meet your Colleague" Presentation by Kathryn Mandla of the Evidence & Planning Branch, Housing & Homelessness Division,
Department of Families, Housing, Community Services & Indigenous Affairs

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Kathryn Mandla

  1. 1. Australia’sResponse toHomelessnessKathryn MandlaEvidence and PlanningHousing and Homelessness
  2. 2. Australia’s definition of Homelessness Primary homelessness is experienced by people without conventional accommodation (e.g. sleeping rough or in improvised dwellings). Secondary homelessness is experienced by people who frequently move from one temporary shelter to another (e.g. emergency accommodation, youth refuges, "couch surfing"). Tertiary homelessness is experienced by people staying in accommodation that falls below minimum community standards (e.g. boarding housing and caravan parks). Chamberlain and MacKenzie (2003)Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  3. 3. Homelessness in Australia - statistics • 104,676 estimated homeless in Australia • Rate: 53 per 10,000 people • 16% were sleeping rough • 19% in supported accommodation (SAAP) • 45% staying with friends and family • 56% were male • 21% aged from 12-18 years • 9% Indigenous (2.4% of general population)Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  4. 4. Australian Homelessness Services 204,900 supported in 2008-09 across Australia Main reasons for support: • domestic/family violence 22% (49% in support periods for women and children) • relationship/family breakdown 10% • other financial difficulty 8% Main type of support • General support/advocacy (77%) • personal support (57%) • housing/accommodation (56%)Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  5. 5. Roles and responsibilities – Australian Government • leadership for national housing and homelessness policy • income support and rental subsidies • immigration and settlement policy and programs • finance sector regulations and Commonwealth taxation settings that influence housing affordability; • competition policy relating to housing and buildings; • provision of national infrastructure; • Housing data and coordination of homelessnessBranch Name - Presentation Heading name data.
  6. 6. Roles and responsibilities – States and Territories • leadership for housing and homelessness policy • housing and homelessness services, administration and delivery • housing for Indigenous people, including remote areas • land use, supply and urban planning and development policy • Housing financial support and services for renters/ home buyers • Housing-related taxes/charges that influence housing affordability • infrastructure policy and services - residential development • tenancy and not-for-profit housing sector legislation and regulation • collection and publication of data Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  7. 7. Roles and responsibilities – Local Government • building approval processes • local urban planning and development approval processes • rates and charges that influence housing affordability. • Some councils may provide leadership, policy, programs and services.Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  8. 8. To combat homelessness, the AustralianGovernment releasedThe Road Home: A National Approach toReducing Homelessness in 2008which commits to two 2020 Targets • Halve homelessness by 2020 • Offer supported accommodation to all rough sleepers who need it by 2020Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  9. 9. The White Paper outlined three strategies foraddressing homelessnessBranch Name - Presentation Heading name
  10. 10. National Agreements To enable the Australian Government to achieve its targets and strategies, it entered into the following agreements with state and territory governments: • National Affordable Housing Agreement • National Partnership Agreement on Homelessness • National Partnership Agreement on Social Housing • National Partnership Agreement on Remote Indigenous Housing • Nation Building – Economic Stimulus PlanBranch Name - Presentation Heading name
  11. 11. National Affordable Housing Agreement Signed 30 November 2008Aspirational objective that all Australians have access to affordable, safe and sustainable housing that contributes to social and economic participation National Partnership National Partnership National Partnership Agreement on Agreement on Remote Agreement on Social Homelessness Indigenous Housing Housing (5 years) (2 years) (2 years) Nation Building – Economic Stimulus Plan Signed 5 February 2009 Designed to stimulate the economy and support initiatives agreed in previous National Partnerships Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  12. 12. National Affordable Housing Agreement • Commenced January 2009 • $6.2 billion worth of housing assistance to low and middle income Australians over 5 yearsBranch Name - Presentation Heading name
  13. 13. National Affordable Housing Agreement • Australians have access to affordable, safe and sustainable housing that contributes to social and economic participation • Improved integration and coordination of assistance to people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness • Social housing improvements to reduce concentrations of disadvantage and improve efficiency • Improved access by Indigenous people to mainstream housing and home ownershipBranch Name - Presentation Heading name
  14. 14. Nation Building Plan – Economic Stimulus • Social Housing Initiative • Will deliver construction of over 19,300 new social housing dwellings • Approximately 80,000 repair and maintenance projects Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  15. 15. National Partnership on Remote Indigenous Housing • Will deliver construction of over 4,200 new dwellings • Approximately 4,800 repair and maintenance projectsBranch Name - Presentation Heading name
  16. 16. National Partnership Agreement on Homelessness • $1.1 billion in funding over 5 years from 1 July 2009 States and territories will deliver: • Implementation of A Place to Call Home • Street to home initiatives for chronic homeless people • Tenancy support for private and public tenants (advocacy, financial counselling and referral services to help people sustain their tenancies) • Assistance for people leaving child protection, jail and health facilities, to access and maintain stable, affordable housing.Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  17. 17. National Partnership Agreement on Homelessness • People who are homeless or at risk of homelessness achieve sustainable housing and social inclusion • prevention and early intervention to stop people becoming homeless • breaking the cycle of homelessness and • improving and expanding the service response to homelessness. Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  18. 18. Homelessness – Performance Reporting • The agreement is supported by a performance reporting framework: • Targets • Performance indicators • Data development and data collections • State and Territory Implementation Plans and annual reportsBranch Name - Presentation Heading name
  19. 19. Homelessness Governance Arrangements in Australia Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  20. 20. Homelessness – Research Agenda $11.4 million includes: • National Homelessness Research Partnership Agreements $4.1 million • National Homelessness Research Projects $1.4 million • Longitudinal Study of Australians Vulnerable to Homelessness $5 millionBranch Name - Presentation Heading name
  21. 21. Interim targets for 2013 Overall rate of Primary Homelessness is Homelessness reduced by 20% rate is reduced by 25% People seeking specialist homelessness services more than three times in 12 months reduced by 25%Branch Name - Presentation Heading name
  22. 22. The Homelessness assistance system in AustraliaBranch Name - Presentation Heading name
  23. 23. The linkages and interfaces between service providers needs to be coordinated and meet the individual needs of homeless peopleBranch Name - Presentation Heading name
  24. 24. Each person’s experience of homelessness is different and canbe caused by a range of factors that can change over time Secondary Not Homeless Tertiary Homelessness Homelessness Primary Homelessness Staying in boarding Domestic house violence Living with partner with ck in e ba Mov er n part rm Living in f ha private S el rental Living with Obt ain partner l eas e Living in Dome st park violen ic ce Living in Staying in ital hospital Exit hosp refuge Tertiary Homelessness: Insecure Secondary Homelessness: Temporary Primary Homelessness: Sleeping rough or in accommodation such as boarding accommodation such as a crisis centre or couch an improvised dwelling Branch Name - Presentation Heading name houses or caravan parks surfing
  25. 25. Kathryn Mandla Phone 61-2-6132 1560 Kathryn.Mandla@fahcsia.gov.au http://www.fahcsia.gov.auBranch Name - Presentation Heading name