1.3 Beyond a 17 Percent Decrease: Next Steps for Ending Veteran Homelessness


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1.3 Beyond a 17 Percent Decrease: Next Steps for Ending Veteran Homelessness by Ian Lisman from the 2013 National Conference on Ending Homelessness

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1.3 Beyond a 17 Percent Decrease: Next Steps for Ending Veteran Homelessness

  1. 1. 1.3 Beyond a 17 Percent Decrease: Next Steps for Ending Veteran Homelessness: Political Will and Emerging Policy Issues Ian B. Lisman Policy Analyst on Veterans Homelessness
  2. 2. Political Will • Budget • Moving towards Zero • SSVF • HUD-VASH • GPD
  3. 3. Political Will Veterans homelessness is a bi- partisan issue. Both sides of the aisle agree that we need to take care of our heroes.
  4. 4. Political Will - Budget Proposed FY 2014 Budget: $1.4 Billion 3.5% increase ($48 Million) • Full House approved VA’s proposal. • Senate Appropriations Committee approved VA’s proposal
  5. 5. Moving Towards Zero Getting there: How the budget supports the goal of ending homelessness. (* = Projected outcomes based on VA an USICH projections.)
  6. 6. Veterans Administration Supportive Services for Veteran Families (SSVF) Proposed flat funding of $300 million This maintains the large threefold increase made in FY 2013
  7. 7. Veterans Administration & HUD HUD-VASH Housing Vouchers • 10,000 additional HUD-VASH vouchers proposed. • VA budget: case management $278 million ($33 million increase) • HUD budget: additional $75 million for housing choice vouchers
  8. 8. Veterans Administration Grant and Per Diem (GPD) • Proposed $15 million increase to $250 million • Continues to support “Transition in Place” model
  9. 9. HUD Programs VA model sets the standard HUD Programs should be funded at the same scale. • This is what is will take to end veteran homelessness. 6% of HUD programs serve veterans. • VA gets $1.4bill for 10% of the homeless population while HUD gets $1.9 billion for other 90%
  10. 10. Emerging Policy Issues • Grant and Per Diem (GPD) • SSVF Funding Cap • Post Homeless Models
  11. 11. GPD – problems • As we move closer to zero, older transitional housing programs are not serving as many veterans • This is due to the fact that there is a wider array of programs (SSVF, VASH) and fewer homeless veterans • This is a good problem to have • GPD providers are only reimbursed if the beds their program provides are occupied
  12. 12. GPD – solutions • VA is considering proposing changes in the payment model • Future changes could include allowing some providers to become permanent housing, some to become rapid re- housing, while some remain transitional • New populations could be served, aging homeless and at risk, alcohol and substance abuse treatment, prison re-entry • This is an ongoing process with many players involved
  13. 13. SSVF - funding • SSVF currently has a statutory funding cap of $300 million • VA may have to ask for more in FY15 • Congress may have to change the way VA homeless programs are funded • Tenuous budget times: sequestration, spending caps, austerity • Again, political will helps move these programs forward
  14. 14. Post Homeless Models • Prevention • Emergency System • What does no homeless veterans mean • Functional zero
  15. 15. Post Homeless Models - Prevention • There will be less homeless veterans to house • SSVF and other programs will serve more at risk veterans – preventing homelessness • Preventing a new generation from becoming homeless will be the new goal
  16. 16. Post Homeless Models – Emergency System • There will always be some who fall through the cracks • A robust emergency shelter and service system will help individuals and families get the assistance they need • Short term only – the goal of the emergency system will be to move veterans into permanent housing quickly
  17. 17. Post Homeless Models –what does it mean • No homeless veterans mean different things to different entities • The reality is, there will be a small population of veterans transitioning out of the military with nowhere to call home • There will be those who need long term assistance as well
  18. 18. Post Homeless Models – Functional Zero • Functional zero is the idea that we have robust systems and programs in place so no veteran should be without a place to call home • Those who are not housed are transitioning into housing • Less than 10,000 nationwide
  19. 19. Together we can prevent and end homelessness among our nations heroes. We have made significant progress, but there is still work to be done. Thank you for your hard work and dedication.
  20. 20. Questions?