Understanding Rural and Tribal Homelessness Corporation for Supportive HousingJuly 2011 csh.org
Presentation Overview Rural and Tribal Homelessness Overview AISHI & Permanent Supportive Housing Examples Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe & Plan to End Homelessness HPRP & Technology Examples from Rural Areas
CSH’s Role & 20th Anniversary No other organization links these activities in this way.
Rural Homelessness More children were in unsheltered situations (4% vs. less than 0.5%) and informal arrangements (24% vs. 4%) 42% of homeless adults had a chronic health condition (48% in the metro area) 32% of homeless women were fleeing abuse (27% in the metro area)
Unique Challenges Unique Challenges to creating PSH in Rural Areas Fewer providers & potential partners Large geographic service areas Fewer foundations for gap financing & service funding Lack of understanding of the need Smaller developments, more expensive per unit Quantifiable problem One development/program makes a visible different
Reservation Homeless Survey 1,239 people who were homeless or near-homeless on the six reservations participating in the study (2006) Includes: 447 children (age 17 or younger) with their parents 146 youth/young adults (age 21 or younger) on their own 1 in 10 were literally homeless 2 in 10 spent at least one night in the previous month sleeping in a place not meant for habitation
Prefer Own Housing if Available “Disproves stereotype that overcrowding occurs because American Indians prefer to live with extended family: 98 percent of doubled-up respondents would prefer to be in their own housing if they could find or afford it.” 2006 Study: Homeless and near-homeless people on northern Minnesota Indian reservations, Wilder Research
Doubled-Up and Moving Often “Nearly two-thirds of doubled-up people had been staying “temporarily” with others for over a year. Of this group, few had been in the same place for 12 consecutive months, and over one third had been in four or more places in the past 12 months.” 2006 Study: Homeless and near-homeless people on northern Minnesota Indian reservations, Wilder Research
Reservation Homelessness Doubled up for so long, people don’t consider themselves homeless. Houseless better describes experience on reservations. “Homeless and near-homeless people on northern Minnesota Indian reservations” Report available at www.wilder.org/download.0.html?report=2018
AISHI Goals Provide training and technical support to tribes and American Indian organizations to create more PSH. Build the capacity of tribes and American Indian organizations to develop, manage and provide services. Bring new federal and state resources to tribes and American Indian organizations for PSH. Offer low-cost loans and grants to jumpstart projects.