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  • 1. Understanding Rural and Tribal Homelessness
    Corporation for Supportive HousingJuly 2011
  • 2. Presentation Overview
    Rural and Tribal Homelessness Overview
    AISHI & Permanent Supportive Housing Examples
    Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe & Plan to End Homelessness
    HPRP & Technology Examples from Rural Areas
  • 3. CSH’s Role & 20th Anniversary
    No other organization links these activities in this way.
  • 4. Our Lines of Business
  • 5. Our Supportive Housing Partners
  • 6. Homelessness in Minnesota in 2009
  • 7. Homelessness Outside 7-County Metro
  • 8. Rural Homelessness
    More children were in unsheltered situations (4% vs. less than 0.5%) and informal arrangements (24% vs. 4%)
    42% of homeless adults had a chronic health condition (48% in the metro area)
    32% of homeless women were fleeing abuse (27% in the metro area)
  • 9. Unique Challenges
    Unique Challenges to creating PSH in Rural Areas
    Fewer providers & potential partners
    Large geographic service areas
    Fewer foundations for gap financing & service funding
    Lack of understanding of the need
    Smaller developments, more expensive per unit
    Quantifiable problem
    One development/program makes a visible different
  • 10. MN Reservation Homeless Survey – An Original
  • 11. Reservation Homeless Survey
    1,239 people who were homeless or near-homeless
    on the six reservations participating in the study (2006)
    447 children (age 17 or younger) with their parents
    146 youth/young adults (age 21 or younger) on their own
    1 in 10 were literally homeless
    2 in 10 spent at least one night in the previous month sleeping in a place not meant for habitation
  • 12. Prefer Own Housing if Available
    “Disproves stereotype that overcrowding
    occurs because American Indians prefer to
    live with extended family: 98 percent of
    doubled-up respondents would prefer to be in
    their own housing if they could find or afford it.”
    2006 Study: Homeless and near-homeless people on northern Minnesota Indian
    reservations, Wilder Research
  • 13. Doubled-Up and Moving Often
    “Nearly two-thirds of doubled-up people had been staying “temporarily” with others for over a year. Of this group, few had been in the same place for 12 consecutive months, and over one third had been in four or more places in the past 12 months.”
    2006 Study: Homeless and near-homeless people on northern Minnesota Indian
    reservations, Wilder Research
  • 14. Reservation Homelessness
    Doubled up for so long, people don’t consider themselves homeless. Houseless better describes experience on reservations.
    “Homeless and near-homeless people on
    northern Minnesota Indian reservations”
    Report available at
  • 15. American Indian Supportive Housing Initiative
  • 16.
  • 17. AISHI Goals
    Provide training and technical support to tribes and American Indian organizations to create more PSH.
    Build the capacity of tribes and American Indian organizations to develop, manage and provide services.
    Bring new federal and state resources to tribes and American Indian organizations for PSH.
    Offer low-cost loans and grants to jumpstart projects.
  • 18. AISHI Developments
  • 19.
  • 20. American Indian CDC – Minneapolis, MN
  • 21. Anishinabe Wakiagun – People’s Home
  • 22. Dream Catcher Homes - White Earth Reservation
  • 23. Fond du Lac Supportive Housing
  • 24. Gimmaajii-Mino-Bimaadiziyaan - Duluth, MN
  • 25. American Indian Community Housing Organization – owner/developer
  • 26. Conifer Estates - Bemidji, MN
    Red Lake Reservation
    Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe
    Beltrami HRA
    Headwaters Regional Development
  • 27. Red Lake Duplexes & Scattered Site