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3.4 Effectively Collecting, Coordinating, and Using Youth Data

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3.4 Effectively Collecting, Coordinating, and Using Youth Data …

3.4 Effectively Collecting, Coordinating, and Using Youth Data

Speaker: Peter Connery

Data is essential to create effective evidence-based strategies to prevent and end homelessness. This workshop will examine methodologies of point-in-time counts and other surveys, discuss coordinating HMIS with mainstream data systems and explore ways to use these data to inform policy decisions and interventions.

Published in: News & Politics, Technology

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  • 1. Effectively Collecting, Coordinating, and Using Youth DataImproving Access and Outcomes:Including homeless youth in your research design and methodologyPeter Connery | Workshop - February 9, 2012 Central Coast Bay Area Southern California 55 Brennan St. 1871 The Alameda, Ste. 180 P.O. Box 1845 Watsonville, CA 95076 San Jose, CA 95126 Claremont, CA 91711 (831) 728-1356 (408) 247-8319 (909) 267-9332 WWW. APPLIEDSURVEYRESEARCH . ORG
  • 2. WHO WE ARE APPLIED SURVEY RESEARCH • A 32-year-old California-based nonprofit social research firm • Strong advocate of community-based participatory research • Has conducted over 40 PIT counts, and developed homeless transitional aged youth (TAY) counts in Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Santa Clara-San Jose, Riverside, Sonoma, Santa Cruz, Mendocino, Monterey, among others 2
  • 3. WHY A SPECIAL YOUTH COUNT? • General PIT count methods undercount youth • Homeless youth (TAY) results in AHAR and CoC reports do not reflect growing trend; HUD supports more youth specific data collection • TAY do not co-mingle with older homeless population; thoughtful outreach is critical • TAY programs need data for program planning and funding • ASR recommends 2 step process » Observational count » TAY survey 3
  • 4. HOMELESS YOUTH PROFILE – DATA SOURCES • 2011 data from general Homeless PIT survey (N=5,437) and supplemental youth survey • 885 general survey respondents under 25 (includes surveys in Orange & San Francisco) • 452 supplemental youth survey respondents under 25 • Supplemental youth surveys from Santa Clara-San Jose, Sonoma, Santa Cruz, Monterey, Riverside, and Las Vegas • Most surveys administered by TAY peers 4
  • 5. HOMELESS YOUTH PROFILE (Continued) AGE GENDER 100% Other Transgender 1.0% 2.0% 80% 60% 52.9% Male 40% 33.9% Female 49.9% 47.0% 20% 8.8% 4.4% 0% 13-15 16-17 18-20 21-24 years old years old years old years old N=885 N=880 Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). Homeless Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). Homeless Youth Survey. Youth Survey. 5
  • 6. HOMELESS YOUTH PROFILE (Continued) AGE WHEN TAY RESPONDENT FIRST EXPERIENCED HOMELESSNESS 100% 80% 60% 40% 33.5% 22.4% 25.5% 20% 11.6% 7.0% 0% < 10 years 11-15 years 16-17 years 18-20 years 21-24 years old old old old old N=415 Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). Homeless Youth Survey. 6
  • 7. HOMELESS YOUTH PROFILE (Continued) FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTED TO TAY RESPONDENTS’ HOMELESSNESS Fight or conflict with parents/guardians 42.3% Financial issues 38.7% Emotional Abuse 29.6% Addiction 29.4% Physical Abuse 19.5% School issues 17.7% Legal issues 15.7% Mental Health issues 13.9% Parent/guardian moved or relocated 11.4% Sexual Abuse 10.9% Gang violence/activity 7.8% Sexual identity 5.8% Pregnancy 4.8% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Multiple response question with 395 respondents offering 980 responses Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). Homeless Youth Survey. 7
  • 8. HOMELESS YOUTH PROFILE (Continued) FAMILY BACKGROUND • 20% stated parents were or currently are homeless • Only 22% lived with both parents prior to homelessness • 49% had parents or caregivers who abused drugs or alcohol when they were younger • 28% of TAY had instance of foster care; 15% of homeless 25+ had instance of foster care » 8% of TAY had been in foster care just prior to homelessness • 23% had their own children; of those 52% were currently living with them Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). Homeless Youth Survey. 8
  • 9. HOMELESS YOUTH PROFILE (Continued) HEALTH AND SERVICES • 46% do not receive any receive government services; compared to 29% for 25+ year old homeless population • 18% do not seek services for fear of CPS • 15% do not seek services for fear of contact with their families • 36% self-rated health assessment is “fair or poor” • 35% have traded sex, drugs, or both for a place to stay Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). Homeless Youth Survey. 9
  • 10. HOMELESS YOUTH PROFILE (Continued) SAFETY AND MENTAL HEALTH • 27% felt very safe in their current living situation; 54% felt somewhat safe, 20% felt not safe at all • 48% had their safety threatened in last 30 days • 46% had an adult in the community they trusted • 88% stay in the County year-round • 62% hang out in a group of 3 or more on a regular basis • 29% said they had no plans for their future; 23% believed they would stay on the streets Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). Homeless Youth Survey. 10
  • 11. HOMELESS YOUTH PROFILE (Continued) TAY RESPONDENTS’ CURRENT NEEDS Food 60.2% Job training/employment 52.1% Clothing 48.1% Shower 43.5% Transportation 43.1% Dental care 34.7% Health care 33.6% Education 33.3% Substance abuse treatment 17.6% Counseling/Mental Health Care 16.7% Other 23.6% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Multiple response question with 432 respondents offering 1,756 responses Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). Homeless Youth Survey. 11
  • 12. HOMELESS YOUTH PIT COUNT CRITICAL PLANNING STEPS • Promote the importance of a dedicated TAY Count (typically on the day of your PIT count) • Partner with TAY shelters, drop-in centers, and other youth advocacy groups/efforts • Try to include a TAY-focused youth survey in your planning • Plan for the desired outcomes of the count and survey – e.g. programming info, geography, etc. • Minimize the risk of duplicate counting of TAY enumerated in general PIT count 12
  • 13. HOMELESS YOUTH PIT COUNT CRITICAL PLANNING STEPS (Continued) • TAY should enumerate TAY – Peer-to-peer with close supervision by support staff • TAY workers should be recruited by providers & be reliable & trustworthy • TAY workers need compensated training and close oversight • Assign Peer Counselors as oversight and include volunteers to help drive 13
  • 14. HOMELESS YOUTH PIT COUNT CRITICAL PLANNING STEPS (Continued) • Choose a good time – 3:00pm (afterschool) or late PM– Customize to regional local differences • Let TAY enumerators determine the homeless youth from the general youth & determine age • Document locations to nearest cross-streets – do not betray the trust you have earned by disclosing locations • Adult driver responsible for drop-off/pickup • Reconcile TAY PIT to general PIT for duplication review 14
  • 15. HOMELESS YOUTH PIT COUNT – SURVEY COMPONENT • Develop customized TAY homeless survey that includes HUD required data + TAY specific data • TAY peer-to-peer interviewing with incentives • Develop survey quota plan informed by TAY PIT • Develop quality control procedures – train interviewers and avoid selection bias • Provide driver support when necessary • Administer as many surveys as possible or to a quota plan 15
  • 16. PRIVACY PROTECTION AND DATA CONFIDENTIALITY • Informed consent required for participants under age 18 • Follow an IRB process if possible • Include information to respondents on local hotlines for concerns about privacy or survey content • Provide a self-administered option » Submit completed surveys in sealed envelopes » Promote confidentiality » Offer a survey hotline phone number » Reduce influences of peer pressure 16
  • 17. THANK YOU PETER CONNERY Vice President Applied Survey Research 831.728.1356 connery@appliedsurveyresearch.org Applied Survey Research (ASR) is a nonprofit, social research firm dedicated tohelping people build better communities by collecting meaningful data, facilitating information-based planning and developing custom strategies. W W W. A P P L I E D S U R V E Y R E S E A R C H . O R G

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