Reasons to change HEARTH Act – explicit goal to return homeless people to permanent housing in 30 days Federal Strategic Plan – Re-tool the crisis response system/convert transitional housing Evidence – People do better when they are in stable, permanent housing. New Models available and tried in other communities
To transition the existing shelter system to a Housing First system, we will: Develop standards for Interim Housing and permanent housing models that promote housing placement in the most suitable, least restrictive settings possible. Use local public funding to encourage, and eventually mandate, existing shelter programs to convert to the new Housing First model. (Chicago's Ten Year Plan--Getting Housed Staying Housed)
&quot;The capacity for the Family System was reduced in FY 11 from 120 to 96 units due to the transfer of Tier II Shelter units to the direct housing/rapid re-housing model. As a result, the length of stay ... of families in the shelter system decreased substantially. Despite the decrease in capacity the Family System served 18% more households than during the same period of time last year...&quot;
Here are some potential models and their definitions Everybody knows PSH and Emergency Shelter. Interim housing is a term some people use to describe what is essentially emergency shelter that has rapid re-housing services built into it. Transition in place, which is also known as rolling stock, is a form of transitional housing that utilizes scattered site leased apartments, but when the program ends, the family or individual being served stays in the apartment, while the program finds another apartment for the next household. Rapid re-housing is something everybody is familiar with.
Here’s a way to look at your transitional housing programs and think about options for converting. If a transitional housing program leases scattered site units, look at service intensity. Programs that provide more intensive services, such as those provided for people with multiple barriers to housing stability can become transition in place programs. Those that provide a more moderate level of services, such as those focused on education and employment, can become rapid re-housing programs. For transitional housing programs that own a building, shorter term models like interim housing or emergency shelter are probably the best strategy. If there is sufficient amounts of those kinds of housing, there is always a need for affordable housing with services attached.
There is a guide to help providers work through the transition.